Buspirone Therapy for Localized Epilepsy
- Buspirone is a drug that is approved for the treatment of anxiety in adults. Studies suggest that buspirone might act on parts of the brain that can increase certain levels of brain activity. Increasing this brain activity may help decrease epileptic seizures that come from certain parts of the brain. Researchers want to see if buspirone can reduce seizure frequency in people with seizures who are already taking antiseizure medication.
- To test whether buspirone can reduce the frequency of seizures in people whose seizures seem to start from one part of the brain.
- Individuals between 18 and 65 years of age who have seizures coming from one or more places in the brain.
- Participants must have tried at least two different antiseizure medications. They must also have had at least three seizures during a 1-month observation period while on current medicines.
- Participants will have a screening visit with a physical exam and medical history. Participants will complete mood and memory testing scales. Blood, urine, and saliva samples will be collected.
- Participants will have a magnetic resonance imaging scan to evaluate brain structures that relate to epilepsy. They will also have a positron emission tomography scan to look at parts of the brain that are affected by buspirone.
- Participants will start taking a study drug (either buspirone or placebo) twice daily. They will keep a calendar of seizures and record any side effects. Treatment will be monitored with clinic visits and blood samples.
- After 12 weeks on the study drug, participants will gradually stop taking either the placebo or buspirone over two weeks. They will stay off the drug for another 2 weeks.
- After 2 weeks, participants will start taking a study drug that is the opposite of the one they had before. They will keep a calendar of seizures and record any side effects. Treatment will be monitored with clinic visits and blood samples.
- After 12 weeks on the study drug, participants will gradually stop taking either the placebo or buspirone.
- Participants will have a final followup visit with additional blood tests, mood and memory testing scales and imaging studies.
|Study Design:||Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Crossover Assignment
Masking: Participant, Care Provider, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor
Primary Purpose: Treatment
|Official Title:||A Phase Two Clinical Trial of Buspirone Therapy in Localization-Related Epilepsy|
- Difference in seizure rate between the baseline and buspirone periods.
- Neuropsychological and mood indices before and three months after starting buspirone
|Study Start Date:||November 22, 2011|
|Study Completion Date:||April 19, 2016|
|Primary Completion Date:||April 19, 2016 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
To initiate a pilot clinical trial assessing the safety, tolerability and efficacy of the 5HT1A receptor agonist buspirone in patients with localization-related epilepsy. Buspirone is a 5HT1A receptor agonist that is approved for the treatment of anxiety disorders. Patients with localization-related epilepsy have reduced 5HT1A receptor binding on 18FCWAY positron emission tomography (PET). Increasing neurotransmitter activity at 5HT1A receptor sites may ameliorate seizures.
Forty patients with localization-related epilepsy
A randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled cross-over, phase II clinical trial.
The trial will have a screening phase in which each patient will undergo physical and neurological examination, and standard blood tests, followed by a one month baseline phase. At the end of baseline, patients who qualify will have neuropsychological, anxiety, and mood evaluation, FCWAY PET and MRI (if imaging was not performed already). During the subsequent first study phase, patients will be randomized to buspirone or matching placebo. After completion of the first study phase, patients will be crossed over to the alternate study arm. At the end of the study, any patient who wishes to do so may remain on open-label buspirone.
- Difference in seizure rate comparing the 3 month placebo and active study phases
- Neuropsychological, anxiety, and mood indices comparing the 3 month placebo and active study drug phases
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT01496612
|United States, Maryland|
|National Institutes of Health Clinical Center, 9000 Rockville Pike|
|Bethesda, Maryland, United States, 20892|
|Principal Investigator:||William H Theodore, M.D.||National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (NINDS)|