Assessment of Severe Extremity Wound Bioburden at the Time of Definitive Wound Closure or Coverage (Bioburden)
|Study Design:||Observational Model: Cohort
Time Perspective: Prospective
|Official Title:||Assessment of Severe Extremity Wound Bioburden at the Time of Definitive Wound Closure or Coverage: Correlation With Subsequent Post-Closure Deep Wound Infection: Bioburden Study|
- Infection [ Time Frame: 1 year ]The presence of a deep surgical site infection will be defined by the criteria of the Centers for Disease Control. Deep SSI occurs within 30 days after the operation if no implant is left in place, or within one year if implant is in place and the infection appears to be related to the operation.
- Classification of Appropriate Antibiotic Care [ Time Frame: 1 year ]An expert panel consisting of the study PI, two additional orthopaedic trauma surgeons and at least three infectious disease experts will be convened to develop a classification grid for the most common and/or expected microbial species to be found in this study and the related antibiotic treatment regimens used in the initial care of these patients. For each microbial species, the expert panel will classify a given antibiotic regimen as "appropriate" and "not appropriate", based on the best available published data.
Biospecimen Retention: Samples With DNA
|Study Start Date:||September 2011|
|Estimated Study Completion Date:||June 2017|
|Primary Completion Date:||September 2016 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
|severe open fractures of the tibia bone|
Infection remains the most common and significant complication following high energy fractures. The strategies used in the prevention of deep infection following severe open fracture wounds have remained constant for the past 20 years.
This project is designed to analyze the microbiology profiles of wounds from severe tibia fractures at closure by comparing two methods: routine microbiology techniques and PCR methods using the Ibis T5000 Biosensor System. The results from both identification methods will be compared to the pathogens associated with deep surgical site infections that occur post closure of the wound. Currently it is unknown which of these methods will yield information that can lower complication rates and better function of the leg. Our goal is to perform a multi-center, prospective cohort study of wound bacterial bioburden and associated antibiotic care in severe open lower extremity fractures.
Primary Aim: In a subset of 60 patients, compare the bioburden, as detected by Ibis technology, from each of three sampling techniques (deep tissue; soft tissue composite; composite of tissue from the length and depth of the wound). Samples obtained using the most effective technique identified in this step will be processed using Ibis in subsequent tissue analysis. Effectiveness is defined as the ability to identify key wound infection-causing pathogens.
Primary Hypothesis: The composite sampling approach will be the most effective technique.
Secondary Aim: Characterize the wound bioburden at the time of definitive wound closure or coverage using the Ibis T5000 Biosensor System PCR technology as compared to standard microbiology techniques.
Hypothesis 2: The Ibis technology will detect more species of pathogens than standard microbiology techniques. The percent of patients for whom Ibis will detect all species identified by standard microbiology will be greater than 95%.
Specific Aim 3: Characterize the wound bioburden in the patients who develop deep infection within one year of wound closure, and determine the association between infecting pathogens with initial wound closure bioburden as measured jointly by Ibis and standard microbiology techniques.
Specific Aim 4: Document the variability in antibiotic selection and duration, and examine the impact of this selection on subsequent deep infection.
Hypothesis 4a: Among patients treated with antibiotic regimens that are appropriate for the pathogens identified by standard microbiology, there will be a lower probability of deep infection than among those patients who received inappropriate antibiotic regimens.
Hypothesis 4b: Among patients treated with antibiotic regimens that are appropriate for the pathogens identified by Ibis, there will be a lower probability of deep infection than among those patients who received inappropriate antibiotic regimens.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT01496014
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|Principal Investigator:||Michael J Bosse, MD||Carolinas Medical Center|