Parturient Microcirculation

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT01491685
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : December 14, 2011
Last Update Posted : January 19, 2012
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Ronald George, IWK Health Centre

Brief Summary:

This is an observational study comparing microcirculation of pregnant to non-pregnant women. "Microcirculation" means blood flow to the extremely small blood vessels in one's body. During pregnancy the amount of blood in a woman's body increases. The body responds to this increase by pumping more blood through the heart and narrowing the size of blood vessels.

There are many types of blood vessels that have different roles in the body. Larger blood vessels. Transport blood to and from body organs like the brain and liver. Small vessels (microcirculation)distributes blood to the organ tissues. The microcirculation can change blood flow and blood pressure. Microcirculation is involved in delivering oxygen and nutrients to your body, removing waste products, and regulating body temperature.

The investigators current understanding of the microcirculation in pregnant women is limited. There is a device available that can measure microcirculation. It is known as Sidestream Dark Field (SDF) imaging. It is a special type of camera that captures pictures of the microcirculation. In this study the investigators will compare the microcirculation, as seen with SDF imaging, of pregnant women to non-pregnant women. By improving the investigators understanding of maternal microcirculation the investigators are adding to the knowledge of how the pregnant body works. The investigators hope to then translate this knowledge into further studies to improve maternal and fetal outcomes through prevention and treatment of maternal low blood pressure caused by spinal anesthesia.

Condition or disease
Pregnancy Microcirculation

Detailed Description:

The objectives of this observational trial are; to compare the sublingual microcirculation of pregnant subjects to that of comparable non-pregnant volunteers; to evaluate the usefulness of a non-invasive technology, SDF imaging in pregnant and non-pregnant subjects.

By improving our understanding of maternal microcirculation we not only add to the knowledge of maternal physiology, we hope to then translate this knowledge into further studies to improve maternal and fetal clinical outcomes through prevention and treatment of maternal hypotension especially in relation to spinal anesthesia.

Study Type : Observational
Actual Enrollment : 36 participants
Observational Model: Case Control
Time Perspective: Prospective
Official Title: An Observational Assessment of the Sublingual Microcirculation of Pregnant and Non-pregnant Women (Parturient Microcirculation - Phase 1)
Study Start Date : August 2011
Actual Primary Completion Date : October 2011
Actual Study Completion Date : October 2011

Non- Pregnant

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Microvascular Flow Index (MFI) [ Time Frame: 1 yr ]
    The primary outcome is the difference between the MFI of pregnant versus non-pregnant subjects.

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. PVD [ Time Frame: 1 yr ]
    Perfused vessel density

  2. PPV [ Time Frame: 1 yr ]
    Proportion of perfused vessels

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   Child, Adult, Senior
Sexes Eligible for Study:   Female
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes
Sampling Method:   Probability Sample
Study Population

Pregnant group - women with uncomplicated, singleton, at 36 - 40 weeks gestation, non-laboring

Non-Pregnant group - healthy nulliparous female volunteers, matched to pregnant patients for age ± 1 year


Inclusion Criteria:

  • American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) Physical Status I-II (ASA I Healthy, ASA II - mild and controlled systemic disease)
  • Pregnant: singleton, 36 - 40 weeks EGA, non-labouring
  • Non- Pregnant - Healthy female volunteers who have never been pregnant, matched to pregnant patients for age ± 1 year

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Obesity (BMI > 35 kg/m2)
  • Hypertensive disease (Essential, gestational, or preeclampsia)
  • Diabetes Mellitus Type 1
  • Cardiovascular disease
  • Smoker (1 cigarette or other tobacco product within 12 months)
  • Caffeinated (i.e. coffee, tea, energy drink) beverage with 2 hours

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT01491685

Canada, Nova Scotia
IWK Health Centre
Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada
Sponsors and Collaborators
IWK Health Centre

Responsible Party: Ronald George, Primary Investigator, MD, FRCPC, Assistant professor, IWK Health Centre Identifier: NCT01491685     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: IWK1007223
First Posted: December 14, 2011    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: January 19, 2012
Last Verified: January 2012