NOX-A12 in Combination With Bendamustine and Rituximab in Relapsed Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia (CLL)
This study is ongoing, but not recruiting participants.
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
NOXXON Pharma AG
First received: December 1, 2011
Last updated: January 22, 2016
Last verified: January 2016
The purpose of this study is to evaluate the safety and efficacy of NOX A12 in combination with a background therapy of bendamustine and rituximab (BR) chemotherapy in previously treated patients with chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL).
Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia
||Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
||A Multi-center, Open Label, Uncontrolled, Phase IIA Clinical Trial Evaluating the Safety and Efficacy of NOX A12 in Combination With a Background Therapy of Bendamustine and Rituximab (BR) in Previously Treated Patients With Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia (CLL)
Primary Outcome Measures:
Secondary Outcome Measures:
- Pharmacodynamics of NOX-A12 alone and in combination with BR [ Time Frame: 6 months ]
The pharmacodynamics evaluation will be based on the following assessments:
- mobilization of peripheral blood CD34+ cells and CLL cells
- plasma concentration of SDF-1/CXCL12
- Overall response rate (ORR = CR + PR) [ Time Frame: 6 months ]
- Progression free survival (PFS) [ Time Frame: 30 months ]
- Pharmacokinetics of NOX-A12 alone and in combination with BR [ Time Frame: 10 time points over 6 months ]
The pharmacokinetics evaluation will be based on the following assessments:
- plasma concentration of NOX-A12
- 24-hour urine excretion of NOX-A12
- Event free survival (EFS) [ Time Frame: 30 months ]
- Time to progression (TTP) [ Time Frame: 30 months ]
- Duration of response (DOR) [ Time Frame: 30 months ]
- Overall survival (OS) [ Time Frame: 30 months ]
| Study Start Date:
| Estimated Study Completion Date:
| Primary Completion Date:
||November 2014 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Pilot Group (NOX-A12 single agent, and combined with BR):
- 3 cohorts of 3 patients will receive treatment with NOX-A12 alone at a single dose of 1, 2 or 4 mg/kg i.v. 2 weeks before the combination treatment of NOX-A12 and BR begins.The combination of NOX-A12 and BR will follow a dose titration design beginning at 1 mg/kg NOX-A12 (cycle 1), proceeding to dose levels of 2 mg/kg (cycle 2) and 4 mg/kg (cycle 3) NOX-A12 in combination with BR. This is followed by consolidation in cycles 4-6 when NOX-A12 will be kept at the highest individually titrated dose.
Expansion Group (NOX-A12 in combination with BR):
- Expansion patients will not receive single agent NOX-A12, but will receive combination treatment as for the pilot group.
Other Name: olaptesed pegol
CLL cells express high levels of CXCR4 chemokine receptors, which cause leukemia cell migration and adhesion to stromal cells secreting the CXCR4 ligand, CXCL12 (or stromal-derived-factor 1, SDF-1). NOX A12 is a specific CXCL12 antagonist and may improve BR therapy by disrupting CXCR4-CXCL12 interactions, thereby mobilizing CLL cells from protective tissue microenvironments to the blood. Furthermore, SDF-1 inhibition may alter the activation status of CLL cells, thereby triggering apoptosis or sensitization of CLL cells towards chemotherapy.
|Ages Eligible for Study:
||18 Years and older (Adult, Senior)
|Sexes Eligible for Study:
|Accepts Healthy Volunteers:
- Diagnosis of B-cell CLL
- Relapsed, bendamustine-sensitive (at least partial response with a duration of at least six months) or bendamustine-naive patients after at least one but not more than 3 prior treatments of their disease.
- CLL in need of treatment (Binet C or A/B with active disease) according to Hallek et al. 2008
- Subject must have measurable disease according to NCI-WG criteria (for details see Hallek M, Blood 2008; 111: 5446-5456).
- Pre-study WHO performance status ≤ 2 and modified cumulative illness rating score (CIRS) of less than 7.
- Signed, written informed consent.
- Men and women of reproductive potential must agree to follow accepted birth control methods during treatment and for 3 months after completion of treatment.
- Acceptable liver function: Bilirubin ≤ 1.5 x upper limit of normal (ULN) at screening, AST (SGOT) and/or ALT (SGPT) ≤ 2.5 x ULN.
- Acceptable hematologic status: Platelet count ≥ 75 x 109/L, ANC > 0.75x109/L.
- Acceptable renal function: Serum creatinine ≤1.5 ULN and/or calculated creatinine clearance (Cockroft-Gault Formula) ≥ 50 mL/min
- Male or female, age ≥ 18
- No clinically significant abnormalities of liver volume, liver hemodynamics or elasticity, measured by abdominal ultrasound.
- Relapse of B-cell CLL within 12 months after last chemotherapy.
- Subjects who have progressed to more aggressive B-cell cancers such as Richter's syndrome.
- CLL with documented loss of the short arm of chromosome 17 (17p-) associated with the loss of p53.
- The subject has a history of or is clinically suspicious for cancer-related Central Nervous System disease.
- Patients at risk of hemostasis or spleen rupture.
- Autoimmune hemolytic anemia.
- Prior allogeneic stem cell transplant (alloSCT) or patients who are considered to be candidates for allo SCT as assessed by their treating physician
- Patient has a history of other active malignancies within three years prior to study entry, with the exception of: adequately treated in situ carcinoma of the cervix uteri; basal or squamous cell carcinoma of the skin; in situ carcinoma of the bladder; previous malignancy confined and surgically resected with curative intent.
- The patient exhibits evidence of other clinically significant uncontrolled condition(s) including, but not limited to: uncontrolled systemic infection (viral, bacterial, or fungal); diagnosis of fever and neutropenia within 1 week prior to study drug administration.
- Female subject is pregnant or breast-feeding.
- Known infection with HIV, active Hepatitis B or Hepatitis C.
- The patient has a history of prior toxicity from bendamustine or rituximab that resulted in permanent discontinuation of treatments.
- Treatment with other investigational drugs, or participation in another clinical trial within 30 days prior to study drug administration.
- Uncontrolled hypertension (defined as systolic blood pressure (BP) > 160 mm Hg or diastolic BP > 100 mm Hg).
- Myocardial infarction or unstable angina within the past 6 months prior to study drug administration.
- Systemic illnesses or other severe concurrent disease including alcoholism which, in the judgment of the investigator, would make the patient inappropriate for entry into this study or interfere significantly with the proper assessment of safety and efficacy of the investigational treatments.
- Known or suspected of not being able to comply with the trial protocol.
- Having been previously enrolled in this clinical trial.
- Known hypersensitivity to rituximab or to any of the excipients or to murine proteins
- History of recurring or chronic infections or underlying conditions which may further predispose patients to serious infection.
- Known hypersensitivity to bendamustine or to mannitol.
- Invasive surgery within 30 days prior to study drug administration.
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Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT01486797
|Medical University Innsbruck, Division of Hematology and Oncology
|Innsbruck, Austria |
|University Hospital Salzburg, Department of Medicine III, Center of Oncology and Hematology
|Salzburg, Austria |
|Landeskrankenhaus Steyr, Department of Internal Medicine II (Hematology and Oncology)
|Steyr, Austria |
|Hospital Wels-Grieskrichen, Department of Internal Medicine IV (Hematology and Oncology)
|Wels, Austria |
|Cliniques universitaires Saint-Luc
|Brussels, Belgium |
|Institute Jules Bordet, Department of Hematology
|Brussels, Belgium |
|University Hospital Gasthuisberg, Department of Hematology
|Leuven, Belgium |
|Centre Hospitalier Universitaire Clémenceau, Department of Hematology
|Caen, France |
|Hospices Civils, Department of Hematology
|Lyon, France |
|Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de la Milétrie, Department of Hematology
|Poitiers, France |
|University Hospital, Institute of Hematology and Oncology
|Bologna, Italy |
|Azienda Sanitaria Locale 8, Department of Oncology
|Cagliari, Italy |
|University Hospital San Martino, Department of Hematology and Oncology
|Genova, Italy |
|Niguarda Ca'Granda Hospital
|Milano, Italy |
|University Scientific Research Institute San Raffaele
|Milano, Italy |
|University School of Medicine, Department of Hematology
|Padova, Italy |
|University La Sapienza, Department of Cellular Biotechnologies and Hematology
|Rome, Italy |
NOXXON Pharma AG
||Kai Riecke, MD
||NOXXON Pharma AG
||NOXXON Pharma AG
History of Changes
|Other Study ID Numbers:
|Study First Received:
||December 1, 2011
||January 22, 2016
Keywords provided by NOXXON Pharma AG:
Relapsed Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia (CLL)
Stromal cell-derived factor-1 (SDF-1)
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on January 19, 2017
Leukemia, Lymphocytic, Chronic, B-Cell
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Immune System Diseases
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Antineoplastic Agents, Alkylating
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action