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VXM01 Phase I Dose Escalation Study in Patients With Locally Advanced, Inoperable and Stage IV Pancreatic Cancer

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01486329
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : December 6, 2011
Last Update Posted : June 8, 2015
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Vaximm GmbH

Brief Summary:
First-in-human phase I dose escalation study in patients with locally advanced, inoperable and stage IV pancreatic cancer to examine safety, tolerability, and immune response to the investigational VEGFR-2 DNA vaccine VXM01 to examine safety and tolerability, clinical and immunogenic response to the investigational vascular endothelial growth factor receptor 2 (VEGFR-2) DNA vaccine VXM01, and to define the maximum tolerated dose.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Stage IV Pancreatic Cancer Biological: VXM01 Biological: Placebo Phase 1

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 72 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Quadruple (Participant, Care Provider, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: VXM01 Phase I Dose Escalation Study in Patients With Locally Advanced, Inoperable and Stage IV Pancreatic Cancer to Examine Safety, Tolerability, and Immune Response to the Investigational VEGFR-2 DNA Vaccine VXM01
Study Start Date : December 2011
Actual Primary Completion Date : October 2014
Actual Study Completion Date : December 2014

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: VXM01
Investigational anti-angiogenic live cancer vaccine
Biological: VXM01
Live anti-angiogenic cancer vaccine drink solution, escalating dose

Placebo Comparator: Placebo
Placebo control
Biological: Placebo
Drink solution

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Safety and tolerability [ Time Frame: 38 days ]
    Number of dose-limiting toxicities and maximum tolerated dose

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Immune response [ Time Frame: Up to 24 months ]
    Number of immune positive patients

  2. Tumor staging [ Time Frame: Up to 24 months ]
    Tumor staging according to RECIST criteria

  3. Tumor perfusion [ Time Frame: Up to 24 months ]
    Tumor perfusion determined by DCE-MRI

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Written informed consent, signed and dated
  • Locally advanced, inoperable and stage IV pancreatic cancer patients according to UICC based on diagnostic imaging using computer-tomography (CT) or histological examinations
  • Male or post-menopausal female
  • Age above or equal to 18 years
  • Chemotherapy naïve within 60 days before screening visit except gemcitabine treatment
  • Karnovsky index >70
  • Life expectancy >3 months
  • Adequate renal, hepatic, and bone marrow function
  • Absolute neutrophil count >1500/µL
  • Hemoglobin >10 g/dL
  • Platelets >75000/µL
  • Prothrombin time and international normalized ratio (INR) <1.5 times upper limit of normal (ULN) (except under anticoagulant treatment)
  • Aspartate aminotransferase <4 times ULN
  • Alanine aminotransferase <4 times ULN
  • Total bilirubin <3 times ULN
  • Creatinine clearance estimated according to Cockcroft-Gault >30 mL/min
  • Proteinuria <1 g protein on 24 h urine collection

Exclusion Criteria:

  • State after pancreas resection (complete or partial)
  • Resectable disease
  • Drug trial participation within 60 days before screening visit
  • Other previous or current malignancy except basal or squamous cell skin cancer, in situ cervical cancer, or any other cancer from which the patient has been disease-free for <2 years
  • Prior vaccination with Ty21a
  • Cardiovascular disease defined as:

    • Uncontrolled hypertension (systolic blood pressure >160 mmHg or diastolic blood pressure >100 mmHg)
    • Arterial thromboembolic event within 6 months before randomization including:
    • Myocardial infarction
    • Unstable angina pectoris
    • Cerebrovascular accident
    • Transient ischemic attack
  • Congestive heart failure New York Heart Association grade III to IV
  • Serious ventricular arrhythmia requiring medication
  • Clinically significant peripheral artery disease > grade 2b according to Fontaine
  • Hemoptysis within 6 months before randomization
  • Esophageal varices
  • Upper or lower gastrointestinal bleeding within 6 months before randomization
  • Significant traumatic injury within 4 weeks before randomization
  • Non-healing wound, bone fracture or any history of gastrointestinal ulcers within three years before inclusion, or positive gastroscopy within 3 months before inclusion
  • Gastrointestinal fistula
  • Thrombolysis therapy within 4 weeks before randomization
  • Bowel obstruction within the last 30 days before screening visit
  • Liver cirrhosis ≥ grade B according to Child-Pugh Score-Classification
  • Presence of any acute or chronic systemic infection
  • Radiotherapy within 4 weeks before randomization
  • Major surgical procedures, or open biopsy within 4 weeks before randomization
  • Fine needle aspiration within 7 days before randomization
  • Chronic concurrent therapy within 2 weeks before and during the double-blind study period with:

    • Corticosteroids (except steroids for adrenal failure) or immunosuppressive agents
    • Antibiotics
    • Bevacizumab
    • Any epidermal growth factor receptor inhibitor
    • Chemotherapy except gemcitabine before Day 10
  • Multi-drug resistant gram-negative germ
  • Pregnancy
  • Lactation
  • Inability to comply with study and/or follow-up procedures
  • History of other disease, metabolic dysfunction, physical examination finding, or clinical laboratory finding giving reasonable suspicion of a disease or condition that contraindicates the use of an investigational drug or that might affect the interpretation of the study results or render the patient at high risk for treatment complications
  • Women of childbearing potential
  • Any history of drug hypersensitivity
  • Any condition which results in an undue risk for the patient during the study participation according to the investigator

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT01486329

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Clinic of General Surgery
Heidelberg, Germany, 69120
Sponsors and Collaborators
Vaximm GmbH
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Principal Investigator: Thomas Schmidt, MD University Clinics, Heidelberg
Publications automatically indexed to this study by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number):
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Responsible Party: Vaximm GmbH
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01486329    
Other Study ID Numbers: VXM01-01-DE
First Posted: December 6, 2011    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: June 8, 2015
Last Verified: June 2015
Keywords provided by Vaximm GmbH:
Pancreatic cancer
Cancer vaccine
Gemcitabine chemotherapy
Locally advanced
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Pancreatic Neoplasms
Digestive System Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Endocrine Gland Neoplasms
Digestive System Diseases
Pancreatic Diseases
Endocrine System Diseases