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Metformin and Transient Hyperglycemia

This study has been terminated.
(The research project was terminated due to lower than projected patient recruitment within the period of time allowed for the study.)
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Dr. Jamie R. Wood, Children's Hospital Los Angeles Identifier:
First received: November 30, 2011
Last updated: January 20, 2015
Last verified: January 2015
The purpose of this study is to determine whether metformin is an effective adjunctive treatment for transient hyperglycemia in patients with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) undergoing induction chemotherapy

Condition Intervention
Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia Hyperglycemia Insulin Resistance Diabetes Mellitus Drug: Metformin

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Metformin as an Adjunctive Therapy For Transient Hyperglycemia in Patients With Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia During Induction Chemotherapy

Resource links provided by NLM:

Further study details as provided by Dr. Jamie R. Wood, Children's Hospital Los Angeles:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Length of Insulin Therapy (Days) [ Time Frame: During the 30 days of induction chemotherapy (plus or minus 2 weeks) ]

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Serum Fructosamine Level [ Time Frame: At 1 month ]
  • Hemoglobin A1c [ Time Frame: At 1 month ]

Enrollment: 4
Study Start Date: December 2011
Study Completion Date: May 2013
Primary Completion Date: May 2013 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: Metformin and insulin therapy
Up to 30-40 patients will be in the prospectively recruited treatment group, which will receive both metformin and insulin therapy for transient hyperglycemia
Drug: Metformin
All subjects will be started on metformin 500 mg orally twice daily. The dose will be increased by 500 mg weekly as tolerated until subjects' blood glucoses are well controlled or until the patient reaches metformin 1000 mg PO BID.
Other Name: Glucophage, Metformin HCl

Detailed Description:

ALL is the most common childhood cancer, representing one fourth of all cancers diagnosed under the age of 15 years. One of the most common side effects of ALL chemotherapy is transient hyperglycemia. Patients that develop this complication require treatment with insulin via injections to prevent severe medical complications such as dehydration, weight loss, ketoacidosis and life-threatening infections. Although insulin therapy is effective, it adds a lot of physical and psychological burden to patients because multiple daily insulin injections are required to achieve adequate blood glucose control.

In this pilot study, investigators aim to examine the effectiveness of metformin as an adjunctive treatment for transient hyperglycemia. Investigators will be comparing two groups of subjects (up to 40 subjects per group). Patients in the treatment group will be prospectively recruited, and they will be treated with metformin in addition to insulin therapy. Investigators will compare the treatment group to a historical control group acquired via chart review. These patients will have been treated with insulin alone.

Statistical comparison will be made between the two groups in terms of the length of insulin treatment, the total daily dose of insulin required, number of insulin injections, hemoglobin A1c level (measure of glycemic control over preceding 8- 12 weeks), and fructosamine level (measure of glycemic control over preceding 2-3 weeks).

Investigators hypothesize that the use of metformin will result in fewer numbers of insulin injections and fewer days of insulin therapy.


Ages Eligible for Study:   10 Years to 21 Years   (Child, Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • ALL patients on induction chemotherapy who develop transient hyperglycemia(definition of transient hyperglycemia: random blood glucose > 200 mg/dL x 2)
  • Adequate renal function (serum Cr < 1.5 mg/dL in males, < 1.2 mg/dL in females)
  • Adequate hepatic function (AST < 5x upper limit of normal)

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Patients with known diagnosis of diabetes or those that are already on oral hypoglycemic agents or insulin
  • Allergy to metformin or any component of the formulation
  • Patients with pancreatitis (lipase level > 300 Units/L)
  • Patients with active infection (positive blood culture within 48 hours of study registration)
  • Patients with hemodynamic instability (PICU status, need for vasopressors within 48 hours of study entry)
  • Elevated hemoglobin A1c (greater than 6.0%)
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Please refer to this study by its identifier: NCT01486043

United States, California
Children's Hospital Los Angeles
Los Angeles, California, United States, 90027
Sponsors and Collaborators
Children's Hospital Los Angeles
Principal Investigator: Jamie R Wood, M.D. Children's Hospital Los Angeles
  More Information

Responsible Party: Dr. Jamie R. Wood, Assistant Professor of Clinical Pediatrics; Director of Clinical Diabetes Programs at Children's Hospital Los Angeles, University of Southern California, Keck School of Medicine, Children's Hospital Los Angeles Identifier: NCT01486043     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: CCI-11-00295
Study First Received: November 30, 2011
Results First Received: January 13, 2015
Last Updated: January 20, 2015

Keywords provided by Dr. Jamie R. Wood, Children's Hospital Los Angeles:
Induction chemotherapy
Transient hyperglycemia
Acute lymphoblastic leukemia
Insulin resistance

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Diabetes Mellitus
Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma
Leukemia, Lymphoid
Insulin Resistance
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Glucose Metabolism Disorders
Metabolic Diseases
Endocrine System Diseases
Lymphoproliferative Disorders
Lymphatic Diseases
Immunoproliferative Disorders
Immune System Diseases
Insulin, Globin Zinc
Hypoglycemic Agents
Physiological Effects of Drugs processed this record on September 18, 2017