A Pilot Study of Decitabine and Vorinostat With Chemotherapy for Relapsed ALL
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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01483690
Recruitment Status :
First Posted : December 1, 2011
Last Update Posted : November 24, 2015
Therapeutic Advances in Childhood Leukemia Consortium
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Therapeutic Advances in Childhood Leukemia Consortium
This is a pilot study using decitabine and vorinostat before and during chemotherapy with vincristine, dexamethasone, mitoxantrone, and peg-asparaginase in pediatric patients with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL).
Decitabine is a demethylating agent and vorinostat is a HDAC inhibitor. The use of demethylating agents and HDAC inhibitors in combination have been previously shown to have synergistic effects in altering neoplastic pathways of cancer cells and be well tolerated in human clinical studies. With the ability of decitabine and vorinostat to alter the abnormal cellular pathways of leukemic blasts and essentially turn off anti-apoptotic proteins, the leukemia cells have become primed for cytotoxic cell kill via chemotherapeutic agents. This study will ask the question as to whether or not the combination of decitabine and vorinostat followed by chemotherapy is feasible and whether it can positively impact outcome in patients with relapsed or refractory acute lymphoblastic leukemia.
Number of participants with adverse events. [ Time Frame: 6 weeks ]
To evaluate the side effects of giving decitabine and vorinostat before and during chemotherapy using the standard drugs vincristine, dexamethasone, PEG-asparaginase and mitoxantrone.
Secondary Outcome Measures :
Disease response rate after treatment. [ Time Frame: 6 weeks ]
The study will assess whether the patient's acute lymphoblastic leukemia goes into remission after treatment.
Gene-specific methylation profiles [ Time Frame: 2 years ]
To assess the biologic activity of decitabine by comparing pre and post-treatment marrow samples for global and gene-specific methylation profiles using HELP and methylation-specific PCR.
Global histone acetylation and histone modifications [ Time Frame: 2 years ]
To assess the biological activity of vorinostat by comparing pre- and post-treatment blood and bone marrow samples for global histone acetylation (using acetyl-H3 Western blotting), and for gene-specific histone modifications (using H3K9/14Ac ChIP-chip and ChIP-qPCR).
Gene expression profiles [ Time Frame: 2 years ]
To determine the impact of combined epigenetic therapy on the expression of epigenetically-regulated genes by comparing pre and post-treatment marrow samples for gene expression profiles (using microarrays), and correlating these with the methylation and histone modification assays.
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Ages Eligible for Study:
1 Year to 21 Years (Child, Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:
Patients must be ≥1 and ≤ 21 years of age when originally diagnosed with ALL.
Patients must have a diagnosis of acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) with ≥ 25% blasts in the bone marrow (M3), with or without extramedullary disease.
Patients may have CNS 1, 2 or 3 disease.
Karnofsky > 50% for patients > 16 years of age and Lansky > 50% for patients ≤ 16 years of age.
Patients must have fully recovered from the acute toxic effects of all prior chemotherapy, immunotherapy, or radiotherapy prior to entering this study.
Patients must have had 2 or more prior therapeutic attempts defined as:
Relapse after going into remission from re-induction for the first or subsequent relapse (ie: 2nd , 3rd, 4th…relapse), OR
Refractory disease after first or greater relapse and a re-induction attempt, OR
Failing to go into remission from original diagnosis after 2 previous induction attempts.
Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplant: Patients who have experienced their relapse after a HSCT are eligible, provided they have no evidence of Graft-versus-Host Disease (GVHD) and are at least 60 days post-transplant at the time of enrollment.
Prior anthracycline exposure: Patients must have less than 400 mg/m2 lifetime exposure of anthracycline chemotherapy. (See Appendix II for calculation worksheet)
Hematopoietic grow factors: It must have been at least 7 days since the completion of therapy with GCSF or other growth factors at the time of enrollment. It must have been at least 14 days since the completion of therapy with pegfilgrastim (Neulasta®).
Biologic (anti-neoplastic) therapy: It must be at least 7 days after last does of biologic agent. For agents that have known adverse events occurring beyond 7 days after administration, this period must be extended beyond the time during which adverse events are known to occur. The duration of this interval must be discussed with the study chair
Monoclonal antibodies: At least 3 half-lives of the antibody must have elapsed after the last dose of monoclonal antibody. (ie. Rituximab=66 days, Epratuzumab=69 days)
Immunotherapy: At least 42 days after the completion of any type of immunotherapy, e.g. tumor vaccines.
Renal and Hepatic Function
Patient's serum creatinine must be ≤ 1.5 x institutional upper limit of normal (ULN) according to age. If the serum creatinine is greater than 1.5 times normal, the patient must have a calculated creatinine clearance or radioisotope GRF ≥ 70mL/min/1.73m2.
Patient's ALT and AST must be < 5 x institutional upper limit of norm ULN. The hepatic requirements are waived for patients with known or suspected liver involvement who would otherwise be eligible after consultation with the Study Chair or Vice Chair.
Patient's total bilirubin must be ≤ 1.5 x ULN. The hepatic requirements are waived for patients with known or suspected liver involvement who would otherwise be eligible.
Patient must have a shortening fraction ≥ 27% by Echo or an ejection fraction ≥ 50% by MUGA.
Female patients of childbearing potential must have a negative urine or serum pregnancy test confirmed prior to enrollment.
Female patients with infants must agree not to breastfeed their infants while on this study.
Male and female patients of child-bearing potential must agree to use an effective method of contraception approved by the investigator during the study.
Patients will be excluded if they are receiving Valproic Acid (VPA) therapy.
Patients will be excluded if they have a known allergy to any of the drugs used in the study.
Patients will be excluded if they have a systemic fungal, bacterial, viral or other infection that is exhibiting ongoing signs/symptoms related to the infection without improvement despite appropriate antibiotics or other treatment.
Patients will be excluded if there is a plan to administer non-protocol chemotherapy, radiation therapy, or immunotherapy during the study period.
Patients will be excluded if they have significant concurrent disease, illness, psychiatric disorder or social issue that would compromise patient safety or compliance with the protocol treatment or procedures, interfere with consent, study participation, follow up, or interpretation of study results.
Patients will be excluded if they have had any positive fungal culture in the last 30 days prior to enrollment.