Evaluation of a Local Preconditioning Effect in Patients Undergoing Cardiac Surgery
The aim of the study is to analyze the potential of pressure controlled intermittent coronary sinus occlusion (PICSO) to prevent/reverse the ischemic burden as well as reperfusion injury. To achieve insight into the clinical significance of this local preconditioning effect, global hemodynamics, cardiac performance and clinical outcome in the first 30 days will be related to the ability of this intervention to protect the myocardium in elective surgical procedures, ameliorating cellular decay and preserving the microcirculation therefore improving graft flow, reducing enzyme leakage and finally improving myocardial performance.
|Study Design:||Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Single Blind (Subject)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
|Official Title:||EASY-TRIAL: Evaluation of a Local Preconditioning Effect in Patients Undergoing Cardiac Surgery|
- Reduction in enzyme leakage measured by AUC. [ Time Frame: 72 hours postop ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
Enzyme leakage (Troponin T, CK-MB) will be measured preoperatively, at the beginning of the operation, the beginning of ECC at the time of reperfusion the arrival on the ICU and 6,12,24,48 and 72 hours postop and the area under the curve will be calculated (AUC until 72 hours).
- PICSO reduces troponin T leakage about 30 % measured by AUC until 72h in comparison to controls.
- PICSO improves 30d and long-term outcome
- Combined endpoint of major adverse cardiovascular events (MACE) and mortality after 30 days. [ Time Frame: 30 days ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
- N-terminales pro brain natriuretic peptide (NT-pro BNP) values at 1 day pre-surgery as well as 30d and 6 months post-operative [ Time Frame: 30 days ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
- Pre-operative (1d) as well as post-operative (6, 12, 24, 48, 72 h, 30d) C-reactive protein (CRP) measurements [ Time Frame: 30 days ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
|Study Start Date:||March 2012|
|Study Completion Date:||March 2014|
|Primary Completion Date:||March 2014 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
PICSO (pressure controlled intermittent coronary sinus occlusion), a special coronary sinus catheter will be introduced after induction of anaesthesia until going on bypass.
PICSO (pressure controlled intermittent coronary sinus occlusion) will be used in the pre ECC period. The procedure of PICSO will be performed in analogy to retrograde cardioplegia.
Other Name: PICSO, Miracor medical Systems, Austria
No Intervention: Control
normal procedure of preparing Bypass grafts. Equivalent time before going on Bypass is determined as control period
- Patients undergoing elective coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) will be enrolled in this study.
- A computerized randomization process is used to obtain similar distributions within each group. Stratification will be done by the severity of coronary artery disease, age and sex.
- Routine blood sampling will be performed the day before surgery as well as a transthoracic echocardiography (TTE) study to determine ventricular volumes and valvular function.
- A modified Minnesota quality of Life questionnaire will be assessed and these data will be compared with 30 days outcome data screened in an outpatient environment.
- A 12 lead electrocardiogram will be obtained. To assess eligibility and to assure grouping (stratification & randomization) patients will be scored using the additive EuroSCORE. Pre-, intra-, and postoperative (up to 72 hrs) measurements of myocardial enzyme leakage will be performed using standard diagnostic procedures (cardiac troponin T, CK-MB, and total creatine kinase), as well as serial electrocardiograms and echocardiograms.
- Perioperative infarction will be assessed as the development of new persistent regional wall motion abnormalities in echocardiography together with electrocardiographic alterations and CK-MB increases and new Q-wave PMI.
- Sequential cytokine analyses (IL-1, IL-6, IL-8, IL-10, IL-17, VEGF and TNF- alpha ) preoperatively, at the beginning of the operation, the beginning of ECC and 6,24 h and 30 days postop.
- Serial quantification of global and regional wall motion will be recorded using TEE measurements during surgery.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT01482780
|Medical University of Vienna|
|Vienna, Austria, A-1090|
|Principal Investigator:||Werner Mohl, DDr||Medical University of Vienna, Abteilung für Herz-, Thoraxchirurgie|
|Study Director:||Werner Mohl, DDr.||Medical University of Vienna|