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Understanding Patient Perspectives on the Risks of Ionizing Radiation Used for Medical Imaging

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT01482741
First Posted: December 1, 2011
Last Update Posted: June 25, 2015
The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center
  Purpose

Risks from imaging-related radiation exposure have become a popular topic in the media. Because these tests are commonly applied to patients at a cancer center, it is important to understand what patients know, how they feel about what they know, where they get their information, and how satisfied they are with available risk-benefit communication on this topic.

The purpose of this study is to understand how cancer patients perceive risks and benefits of diagnostic radiation and their satisfaction with healthcare communication on this topic.


Condition Intervention
Breast Cancer Colon Cancer Lung Cancer Neuroblastoma Testicular Cancer Behavioral: Focus Group Sessions

Study Type: Observational
Study Design: Observational Model: Cohort
Time Perspective: Prospective
Official Title: Understanding Patient Perspectives on the Risks of Ionizing Radiation Used for Medical Imaging

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • characterize participant knowledge, attitudes [ Time Frame: 2 years ]
    about imaging radiation, information sources, and satisfaction with risk-benefit communication.


Enrollment: 30
Study Start Date: November 2011
Study Completion Date: June 2015
Primary Completion Date: June 2015 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Groups/Cohorts Assigned Interventions
Pts undergoing chemotherapy for Stage IV colorectal carcinoma
Six focus groups of 7-9 participants each will be conducted for approximately 90 minutes according to the established methodology of Krueger and Casey. Focus group sessions are semi-structured group interviews in which previously chosen, open-ended questions about topics of interest are posed to participants by a trained moderator.
Behavioral: Focus Group Sessions
Participants will complete a pre-focus group demographic questionnaire. Focus group participants will be asked to report the following: current age; gender; race/ethnicity; income; highest education attained; occupation; and cancer stage if participant has a cancer history. Participants who are parents of pediatric patients will also report their child's current age, gender, and cancer stage. Ten questions will be developed by the investigators and posed to each group by the moderator to solicit the desired information. The objective for the focus groups will be to systematically explore three domains: 1) what participants know about radiation as it relates to medical imaging; 2) how what they know or believe about radiation shapes their attitudes about it; 3) and participant perceptions regarding the availability and adequacy of their sources, including risk-benefit communication with health care providers
Parents of pediatric patients stage 1-3 neuroblastoma
within the preceding 6 months. Six focus groups of 7-9 participants each will be conducted for approximately 90 minutes according to the established methodology of Krueger and Casey. Focus group sessions are semi-structured group interviews in which previously chosen, open-ended questions about topics of interest are posed to participants by a trained moderator.
Behavioral: Focus Group Sessions
Participants will complete a pre-focus group demographic questionnaire. Focus group participants will be asked to report the following: current age; gender; race/ethnicity; income; highest education attained; occupation; and cancer stage if participant has a cancer history. Participants who are parents of pediatric patients will also report their child's current age, gender, and cancer stage. Ten questions will be developed by the investigators and posed to each group by the moderator to solicit the desired information. The objective for the focus groups will be to systematically explore three domains: 1) what participants know about radiation as it relates to medical imaging; 2) how what they know or believe about radiation shapes their attitudes about it; 3) and participant perceptions regarding the availability and adequacy of their sources, including risk-benefit communication with health care providers
Women who have undergone tx for early stage breast cancer
within the preceding 6 months. Six focus groups of 7-9 participants each will be conducted for approximately 90 minutes according to the established methodology of Krueger and Casey. Focus group sessions are semi-structured group interviews in which previously chosen, open-ended questions about topics of interest are posed to participants by a trained moderator.
Behavioral: Focus Group Sessions
Participants will complete a pre-focus group demographic questionnaire. Focus group participants will be asked to report the following: current age; gender; race/ethnicity; income; highest education attained; occupation; and cancer stage if participant has a cancer history. Participants who are parents of pediatric patients will also report their child's current age, gender, and cancer stage. Ten questions will be developed by the investigators and posed to each group by the moderator to solicit the desired information. The objective for the focus groups will be to systematically explore three domains: 1) what participants know about radiation as it relates to medical imaging; 2) how what they know or believe about radiation shapes their attitudes about it; 3) and participant perceptions regarding the availability and adequacy of their sources, including risk-benefit communication with health care providers
Men undergoing surveillance imaging after tx for testicular ca
Six focus groups of 7-9 participants each will be conducted for approximately 90 minutes according to the established methodology of Krueger and Casey. Focus group sessions are semi-structured group interviews in which previously chosen, open-ended questions about topics of interest are posed to participants by a trained moderator.
Behavioral: Focus Group Sessions
Participants will complete a pre-focus group demographic questionnaire. Focus group participants will be asked to report the following: current age; gender; race/ethnicity; income; highest education attained; occupation; and cancer stage if participant has a cancer history. Participants who are parents of pediatric patients will also report their child's current age, gender, and cancer stage. Ten questions will be developed by the investigators and posed to each group by the moderator to solicit the desired information. The objective for the focus groups will be to systematically explore three domains: 1) what participants know about radiation as it relates to medical imaging; 2) how what they know or believe about radiation shapes their attitudes about it; 3) and participant perceptions regarding the availability and adequacy of their sources, including risk-benefit communication with health care providers
Men & women enrolled in the MSKCC lung ca screening program
Six focus groups of 7-9 participants each will be conducted for approximately 90 minutes according to the established methodology of Krueger and Casey. Focus group sessions are semi-structured group interviews in which previously chosen, open-ended questions about topics of interest are posed to participants by a trained moderator.
Behavioral: Focus Group Sessions
Participants will complete a pre-focus group demographic questionnaire. Focus group participants will be asked to report the following: current age; gender; race/ethnicity; income; highest education attained; occupation; and cancer stage if participant has a cancer history. Participants who are parents of pediatric patients will also report their child's current age, gender, and cancer stage. Ten questions will be developed by the investigators and posed to each group by the moderator to solicit the desired information. The objective for the focus groups will be to systematically explore three domains: 1) what participants know about radiation as it relates to medical imaging; 2) how what they know or believe about radiation shapes their attitudes about it; 3) and participant perceptions regarding the availability and adequacy of their sources, including risk-benefit communication with health care providers
Men and women enrolled in the thoracic survivorship
Six focus groups of 7-9 participants each will be conducted for approximately 90 minutes according to the established methodology of Krueger and Casey. Focus group sessions are semi-structured group interviews in which previously chosen, open-ended questions about topics of interest are posed to participants by a trained moderator.
Behavioral: Focus Group Sessions
Participants will complete a pre-focus group demographic questionnaire. Focus group participants will be asked to report the following: current age; gender; race/ethnicity; income; highest education attained; occupation; and cancer stage if participant has a cancer history. Participants who are parents of pediatric patients will also report their child's current age, gender, and cancer stage. Ten questions will be developed by the investigators and posed to each group by the moderator to solicit the desired information. The objective for the focus groups will be to systematically explore three domains: 1) what participants know about radiation as it relates to medical imaging; 2) how what they know or believe about radiation shapes their attitudes about it; 3) and participant perceptions regarding the availability and adequacy of their sources, including risk-benefit communication with health care providers

  Eligibility

Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.


Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Sampling Method:   Non-Probability Sample
Study Population
Outpatient clinical practices at MSKCC.
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • English-language fluent
  • 18 years of age, or older
  • Provide informed consent
  • Group 1: Patients undergoing chemotherapy for Stage IV colorectal carcinoma.
  • Group 2: Parents of pediatric patients who have undergone treatment for stage 1-3 neuroblastoma.
  • Group 3: Women who have undergone treatment for early stage breast cancer within the preceding 6 months.
  • Group 4: Men undergoing surveillance imaging after treatment for testicular cancer.
  • Group 5: Patients currently or previously enrolled in the MSKCC lung cancer screening program.
  • Group 6: Patients enrolled in or eligible for the thoracic survivorship program.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Participants who don't speak English
  Contacts and Locations
Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT01482741


Locations
United States, New York
Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center
New York, New York, United States, 10065
Sponsors and Collaborators
Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Raymond Thornton, MD Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center
  More Information

Additional Information:
Responsible Party: Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01482741     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 11-185
First Submitted: November 28, 2011
First Posted: December 1, 2011
Last Update Posted: June 25, 2015
Last Verified: June 2015

Keywords provided by Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center:
Quality of Life
Focus groups
Risks of Ionizing Radiation
Risk of medical imaging
11-185

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Neuroblastoma
Testicular Neoplasms
Neuroectodermal Tumors, Primitive, Peripheral
Neuroectodermal Tumors, Primitive
Neoplasms, Neuroepithelial
Neuroectodermal Tumors
Neoplasms, Germ Cell and Embryonal
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Neoplasms
Neoplasms, Glandular and Epithelial
Neoplasms, Nerve Tissue
Endocrine Gland Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Genital Neoplasms, Male
Urogenital Neoplasms
Genital Diseases, Male
Endocrine System Diseases
Testicular Diseases
Gonadal Disorders