Pericardiocentesis With Magnetic Resonance Imaging
- Pericardiocentesis uses a needle and small tube to drain fluid from space around the heart. The most common reason to perform this procedure is that the fluid is interfering with heart function. This procedure is usually guided by X-rays. However, researchers want to try the procedure using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) instead of X-rays. MRI guidance may be more precise than X-rays, which can make the procedure easier and more effective.
- To test whether MRI guidance can improve pericardiocentesis.
- Individuals at least 18 years of age who need to have pericardiocentesis.
- Participants will have a physical exam before the procedure. Blood samples will be taken.
- The pericardiocentesis will be performed using MRI guidance. The procedure may take up to 2 hours.
- If for some reason the MRI guidance is not successful, participants will have the regular X-ray procedure. The MRI system will be used to take high-quality pictures afterward to check the results.
Cardiac Magnetic Resonance Imaging
|Study Design:||Allocation: Non-Randomized
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Primary Purpose: Treatment
|Official Title:||Real-time MRI Pericardiocentesis Using Passive Needles|
- Reduce the pericardial effusion.
- To test the feasibility of navigating passive needles percutaneously into the periocardial space using real-time MRI and MRI-compatible needles.
|Study Start Date:||November 8, 2011|
|Study Completion Date:||February 17, 2017|
|Primary Completion Date:||February 17, 2017 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
Pericardiocentesis is a minimally invasive procedure to drain fluid from the pericardial space, created by the pericardial sac which cradles the heart. The most common reason to perform this procedure is that pericardial fluid is interfering with heart function. The next most common reason is to obtain pericardial fluid for testing to make a clinical diagnosis. Pericardiocentesis is performed using a long needle that may be guided by various means including blindly without imaging guidance, using electrocardiography electrodes to determine when the needle accidentally touches the heart, using echocardiography, using X-ray with- or without- contrast injections, or using a combination. Each has its advantages and limitations.
We have developed real-time magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) to guide heart catheterization with tissue visualization but without X-ray radiation. When used to guide needle access to the pericardial space or from there even into heart cavities, MRI provides superb imaging guidance. What is especially valuable about MRI is that it provides the entire thoracic context of needle access, allowing the operator to avoid critical structures including the liver, lung, pleural space, and heart muscle.
We have developed real-time magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) to guide heart catheterization in patients with tissue visualization but without X-ray radiation. We also have used these developments to guide needle access to the heart and pericardium in animal models.
In this protocol we test the safety and feasibility of pericardiocentesis in adult patients, using commercially available MRI-compatible (passive) needles.
If successful, this will enable more advanced minimally invasive procedures in adults and children.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT01479569
|United States, Maryland|
|National Institutes of Health Clinical Center, 9000 Rockville Pike|
|Bethesda, Maryland, United States, 20892|
|Principal Investigator:||Robert J Lederman, M.D.||National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI)|