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Cinacalcet in Paediatric Secondary Hyperparathyroidism (SHPT) Due to Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD)

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT01479088
Recruitment Status : Unknown
Verified November 2011 by ENRICO VERRINA, Istituto Giannina Gaslini.
Recruitment status was:  Recruiting
First Posted : November 24, 2011
Last Update Posted : November 24, 2011
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
ENRICO VERRINA, Istituto Giannina Gaslini

Brief Summary:
Twelve-month, multicenter, intra-subject controlled (retrospective-prospective), open-label, active-treatment study to evaluate the dose-response and pharmacokinetics (PK) of cinacalcet HCl for the treatment of Secondary Hyperparathyroidism (SHPT) in paediatric subjects with chronic kidney disease (CKD) on dialysis, followed by 12-month study extension.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Secondary Hyperparathyroidism Drug: Cinacalcet HCl Phase 2 Phase 3

Detailed Description:
This multicenter, intra-subject controlled, open-label, active-treatment study will assess in children affected by Secondary Hyperparathyroidism, aged 2-18 years on chronic dialysis not responsive to standard of care (SoC) therapy, the response after 6-month cinacalcet compared intra-subject to SoC alone at screening visit 6 months prior to cinacalcet start. Secondary objectives are to evaluate effects on growth over 18 months and PK profile. At baseline children have PTH levels>300 pg/mL, plasma P<6 mg/dL, and Ca 8.4-10.5 mg/dL, or Ca x P product>60 not responsive to SoC. Initial dosing of cinacalcet will be 0.5-0.75 mg/Kg per os OD to be adjusted up to a max of 180mg OD for target PTH values<180 pg/mL in absence of hypocalcemia. Thirty children will be enrolled at 12 centres participating in a national paediatric dialysis registry, corresponding to an α=0.05 and a power of 80% using the McNemar test, with an expected % of responders to cinacalcet or SoC of 40% or 5% respectively, with a drop-out rate of 15. Primary study endpoint (EP) will be the % of children who will have a reduction from baseline >25% in mean PTH levels during the 6-mo efficacy-assessment period. Among secondary EPs over 18 mos will be the % of patients with mean PTH levels<300 pg/mL; the % change in PTH, Ca, P values, and the Ca x P product; PK profile (or population profile by age) and its correlation with PTH and testosterone levels; auxological indices and growth velocity; % of children with treatment-emergent adverse events and lab abnormalities; retention on treatment and reasons of treatment withdrawal. The study will evaluate whether cinacalcet represents a safe and effective therapeutic option for SHPT children.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 30 participants
Allocation: N/A
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Twelve-month, Multicenter, Intra-subject Controlled (Retrospective-prospective), Open-label, Active-treatment Study to Evaluate the Efficacy, Safety, Tolerability and Pharmacokinetics (PK) of Cinacalcet Hydrochloride for the Treatment of Secondary Hyperparathyroidism (SHPT) in Paediatric Subjects With Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD) on Dialysis, Followed by 12-month Study Extension.
Study Start Date : March 2010
Estimated Primary Completion Date : December 2013
Estimated Study Completion Date : December 2013

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: cinacalcet tab or extemporaneous solution po added to SoC

Subjects who meet all inclusion/exclusion criteria at baseline will be given cinacalcet 30mg film-coated tablet, for oral use added to phosphate binders and vitamin D analogue.

For subjects receiving a cinacalcet dose <30mg, commercially available cinacalcet 30mg tab will be ground and diluted with a 5% dextrose solution. Then, an aliquot of this solution corresponding to the individually prescribed dose will be administered as indicated.

Initial dosing of cinacalcet will be 0.5-0.75mg/kg or 30 mg po once daily (OD) each evening with food.

During the cinacalcet dose-titration 6-month period for efficacy assessment, the dose will be increased on monthly basis by 0.5 mg/kg or by 30mg OD to achieve the target iPTH value <180 pg/mL, as tolerated by the subject, up to maximum of 180mg OD in absence of signs of hypocalcemia, according to the current summary of product characteristics.

Drug: Cinacalcet HCl
The 6-month pre-treatment period will be followed by a run-in period with a baseline evaluation prior to the drug administration, followed by a 6-month cinacalcet dose titration period, during which the dose will be increased on monthly basis by 0.5 mg/kg or by 30 mg OD up to the achievement of target iPTH value <180 pg/mL as tolerated by the patient
Other Name: Mimpara®

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Composite EP, e.g. the proportion of patients who will have a reduction from baseline of >= 25% in mean iPTH levels with concomitant values for plasma P <6 mg/dL and Ca between 8.4 and 10.5 mg/dL or the Ca x P product <60 [ Time Frame: 6 months ]
    This composite EP will address the needed information on the appropriate dose of cinacalcet to be adopted in paediatric patients, and especially in younger children, as well as on the impact of treatment with calcimimetics on serum Ca and P levels, and on SHPT control over the long term

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. The long term control of iPTH level < 300 pg/mL [ Time Frame: 18 months ]
  2. The long term control of PTH, Ca, P, and the Ca x P product values [ Time Frame: 18 months ]
  3. The PK/ PD ( iPTH and testosterone) profile at individual patient level [ Time Frame: 12 months ]
  4. The long term auxological indices and patient growth velocity during cinacalcet treatment [ Time Frame: 18 months ]
  5. The proportion of patients with treatment-emergent adverse events (AEs), serious AEs (SAEs), and laboratory abnormalities over long term [ Time Frame: 18 months ]

Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.

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Ages Eligible for Study:   2 Years to 18 Years   (Child, Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Parents'/guardian written informed consent, and child's assent
  • Age > 2 and <18 years;
  • A dry body weight (BW) >10.49 Kg in males and >9.95 Kg in females, respectively;
  • Inpatient or outpatient status at the time of enrolment;
  • Males or females. Female subjects sexually active must be neither pregnant nor breastfeeding, and must lack childbearing potential from screening visit to the end of the safety follow-up
  • On stable hemodialysis (HD) or peritoneal dialysis (PD) for their CKD for at least one month before entering the 6-month pre-treatment period;
  • Plasma iPTH levels > 300 pg/mL, AND
  • Plasma Ca levels > 9.4 mg/dL (with normal serum albumin level), AND
  • Plasma P levels <6.5 mg/dL in patients younger than 6 years, or <6.0mg/dL in older patients, OR
  • Ca x P product > 60;
  • Records' availability for the following parameters 6 months prior to study entry: demographic information, physical examination, height and dry weight, auxological/anthropometric indices, blood pressure values, Kt/V urea, plasma iPTH, calcium, phosphorus, and alkaline phosphatise levels, blood pH and bicarbonate, serum creatinine/urea, C reactive protein (CRP) levels, liver function tests, blood count, blood 25(OH) vitamin D3 level.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • The following laboratory values: Hb<9.0 g/dL, WBC<2000/mm3 (2x109/L), platelets <150,000/mm3 (150x109/L) only in subjects who are otherwise eligible for PK/PD assessments; abnormal liver function, defined by a total bilirubin ≥2 times the upper limit of normal values, ASAT, ALAT, γ-GT levels ≥2 times the ULN values.
  • Any other lab values that in the opinion of the investigator might place the subject at unacceptable risk for participation in the study.
  • History of malignancy (active malignancy, or off therapy since less than 1 year)
  • History of diseases causing hypercalcemia
  • Chronic inflammatory diseases (C-Reactive Protein-CRP >2 times the upper limit of normal values) requiring a concomitant corticosteroid or immunosuppressive therapy
  • History of infectious diseases (including opportunistic infections) within 4 weeks prior to study entry
  • Evidence as assessed by the Investigator of active or latent bacterial, viral or fungal infections at the time of potential enrollment, including subjects with evidence of HIV infection.
  • Hepatitis-B surface antigen-positive subjects only in subjects who are otherwise eligible for PK/PD assessments
  • Hepatitis C antibody-positive subjects who are also PCR-positive or RIBA positive only in subjects who are otherwise eligible for PK/PD assessments
  • Use of recombinant human growth hormone therapy
  • Use of drugs that interact with cinacalcet disposition
  • Previous use of cinacalcet

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT01479088

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Contact: Enrico E. Verrina, MD +390105636276
Contact: Ornella Della Casa Alberighi, MD PhD +390105636461

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U.O. Nefrologia e Dialisi- Ospedale Giovanni XXIII Active, not recruiting
Bari, Italy, 70100
U.O. Nefrologia e Dialisi - Istituto di Ricovero e Cura a Carattere Scientifico Giannina Gaslini Recruiting
Genoa, Italy, 16147
Contact: Enrico E Verrina, MD    +390105636276   
Contact: Ornella Della Casa Alberighi, MD PhD    +390105636461   
Principal Investigator: Enrico E. Verrina, MD         
U.O. Nefrologia e Dialisi Pediatrica - Clinica De Marchi Active, not recruiting
Milan, Italy, 20100
U.O. Nefrologia e Dialisi - Ospedale Santobono Active, not recruiting
Naples, Italy, 80100
U.O. Nefrologia e Dialisi - Ospedale Bambino Gesù Active, not recruiting
Rome, Italy, 00100
Sponsors and Collaborators
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Principal Investigator: Enrico E. Verrina, MD U.O. Nefrologia e Dialisi; Istituto di Ricovero e Cura a Carattere Scientifico Giannina Gaslini
Additional Information:

Publications automatically indexed to this study by Identifier (NCT Number):
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Responsible Party: ENRICO VERRINA, Director of Dialysis Unit, Istituto Giannina Gaslini Identifier: NCT01479088    
Other Study ID Numbers: IGG_ev_003
2009-016797-32 ( EudraCT Number )
First Posted: November 24, 2011    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: November 24, 2011
Last Verified: November 2011
Keywords provided by ENRICO VERRINA, Istituto Giannina Gaslini:
Secondary Hyperparathyroidism
Chronic Kidney Disease
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Neoplasm Metastasis
Kidney Diseases
Renal Insufficiency, Chronic
Hyperparathyroidism, Secondary
Urologic Diseases
Neoplastic Processes
Pathologic Processes
Renal Insufficiency
Parathyroid Diseases
Endocrine System Diseases
Calcium-Regulating Hormones and Agents
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Calcimimetic Agents
Hormone Antagonists
Hormones, Hormone Substitutes, and Hormone Antagonists