Photonic Needle and Sleeve Study (PhotonicNeedle)
Rationale: evaluate the potential of the photonic needle (photonic needle technology) to discriminate tissues that are relevant to recognize during intraforaminal (transforaminal) epidural injection on lumbar level.
Objective: The primary objective of this study is to investigate the potential of the photonic needle to discriminate between correct and incorrect placement of the needle tip in the target area of the procedure (M4 - tissue), as confirmed by contrast-enhanced fluoroscopy. The secondary objectives are to investigate the differences in the optical signals obtained with the photonic needle at a set of different pre-defined positions (M1, M2 and M3) encountered along the needle trajectory during above-mentioned procedures, and to detect potential intravascular positioning of the needle-tip at the target point (M4 - blood), Study design: this is a single blind observational study. Study population: Patients who have radicular pain on lumbar level, for example caused by disc herniation, and/or lateral recessus stenosis and/or radiculopathy eci.
Main study parameters/endpoints: The main study parameters are: 1) successfully acquired diffuse reflectance spectra obtained at measurement point M4: midforaminal, halfway the foramen (the target treatment location) as encountered during image-guided intraforaminal injections on lumbar level, 2) confirmation of target area with fluoroscopy and injection of contrast fluid (gold standard), 3) "Certainty score" on a 3-point scale (1 = uncertain, 2 = certain, 3 = very certain) will be provided by the physician. The type of tissue present at the needle tip will be based on the information available from imaging .
The secondary study parameters are: 1) successfully acquired diffuse reflectance spectra obtained at measurement points M1-M3: M1 in muscle, M2 extra-foraminal, M3 foraminal at a distance 1/3 of the diameter of the foramen from the entrance of the foramen, as encountered during image-guided intraforaminal injections on lumbar level, 2) successfully acquired diffuse reflectance spectra obtained at measurement point M4, in case of a vascular puncture (M4-blood), 3) confirmation images by ultrasound imaging at location M1 as described above, 4) confirmation images by fluoroscopy at locations M2 and M3, 5) digital subtraction angiography images after contrast injection at location M4, confirming vascular penetration (gold standard for vessel puncture), 6) "Certainty score" on a 3-point scale (1 = uncertain, 2 = certain, 3 = very certain) provided by the physician for assignment of the type of tissue present at the needle tip, based on the information available from imaging at M1 and at M4.
|Puncture; Instrument Pain|
|Study Design:||Time Perspective: Prospective|
|Official Title:||Photonic Needle and Intraforaminal Epidural Injection (Sleeve) - Observational Study in Humans|
- Statistical analysis of the difference between diffuse reflectance spectra obtained for correct and incorrect needle placement in the target area of the procedure. [ Time Frame: direct measurement ]
- Statistical analysis of differences between diffuse reflectance spectra obtained in muscle, extra-foraminal, foraminal at a distance 1/3 of the diameter of the foramen from the entrance of the foramen,intravascular. [ Time Frame: direct measurement ]
|Study Start Date:||November 2011|
|Study Completion Date:||March 2012|
|Primary Completion Date:||March 2012 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT01476709
|Maastricht University Medical Center|
|Maastricht, Limburg, Netherlands|
|Principal Investigator:||Maarten van Kleef, prof. Dr.||Maastricht University Medical Centre|