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How Has Glaucoma Affected Your Quality of Life?

This study has been completed.
Merck Sharp & Dohme Corp.
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
George L. Spaeth MD, Wills Eye Identifier:
First received: October 31, 2011
Last updated: July 26, 2016
Last verified: July 2016

Hypothesis 1: Self-reported health-related quality of life decreases as vision impairment worsens in subjects with glaucoma.

Hypothesis 2: Changes in health-related quality of life are associated with changes in clinical measures of vision and performance-based measures of visual function.

Glaucoma Quality of Life

Study Type: Observational
Study Design: Observational Model: Cohort
Time Perspective: Prospective
Official Title: A Prospective, Longitudinal, Observational Cohort Study Examining How Glaucoma Affects Quality of Life and Visual Function Over a 4-Year Period

Resource links provided by NLM:

Further study details as provided by George L. Spaeth MD, Wills Eye:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Quality of Life [ Time Frame: annually ]
    Quality of life questionnaire measured at 1, 2, 3, and 4 years

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Clinical Findings [ Time Frame: annually ]
    Intraocular pressure measured at 1, 2, 3, and 4 years

  • Functionality [ Time Frame: annually ]
    Treatment compliance measured at 1, 2, 3, and 4 years

  • Performance [ Time Frame: annually ]
    Performance-based measures of visual function measured at 1, 2, 3, and 4 years

  • Progression [ Time Frame: annually ]
    Progression of Disc Damage Likelihood Scale (DDLS) and visual field loss measured at 1, 2, 3, and 4 years

Enrollment: 163
Study Start Date: October 2011
Study Completion Date: July 2016
Primary Completion Date: July 2016 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Detailed Description:

You are being asked to participate in this research study because you have glaucoma, which is the second leading cause of blindness in the world and accounts for 15% of blindness worldwide. Vision loss caused by glaucoma can significantly worsen your health-related quality of life. Despite the fact that glaucoma has such a big impact on a large number of people, research examining the long-term effects of glaucoma-related vision loss on one's quality of life is scarce.

The purpose of this study is to look at the long-term effect of this condition on your quality of life so that we may gain valuable information about what factors influence the quality of life of people with glaucoma. To participate in this study, you will need to allow us to perform clinical tests on your eyes, to self-report your well-being and health-related quality of life, and to let us know how well you perform your daily life activities.


Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 80 Years   (Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Sampling Method:   Non-Probability Sample
Study Population
Subjects for this study will be recruited from the William A. and Anna V. Goldberg Glaucoma Service and Glaucoma Research Center at Wills Eye Institute in Philadelphia, PA.

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Minimum 2-year diagnosis of primary open-angle glaucoma, chronic primary angle-closure glaucoma or exfoliation glaucoma
  • Disk Damage Likelihood Scale stages 5 through 8 with visual field loss
  • Age between 21 and 80 years
  • Able to understand and speak English

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Unlikely to be available for annual ocular examination and reassessment across a 4-year period
  • Neurological or musculoskeletal problems that would influence performance on activities of daily living
  • Cognitively impaired, as assessed by a face-to-face Mini-Mental State Examination
  • Incisional eye surgery within the past three months
  • Laser therapy within the previous month
  • Any cause for visual reduction other than glaucoma
  • Any medical condition which in the investigator's opinion would preclude the subject from providing reliable and valid data
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its identifier: NCT01476644

United States, Pennsylvania
Wills Eye Institute
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States, 19107
Sponsors and Collaborators
Wills Eye
Merck Sharp & Dohme Corp.
Principal Investigator: George L Spaeth, MD Glaucoma Service, Wills Eye Institute
  More Information

Sun Y, Erdem E, Wizov S, Kayak N, Wei H, Spaeth GL. Quality of life measures in moderate glaucoma: study design and methodology. Abstract submitted, Association for Research in Vision and Ophthalmology, Dec 2012.
Ekici F, Sun Y, Taranum S, Martinez P, Erdem E, Nayak N, Wizov SS, Waisbourd M, Spaeth GL. Relationship between baseline clinical characteristics and vision-related quality of life in patients with glaucoma. ARVO Poster 176-A0363 May 2014.
Gogte P., Hark LA., Spaeth E., Richman J., Wizov SS., Waisbourd M., Spaeth GL. Contrast Sensitivity - A Meaningful Way to Assess Health Related Quality of Life and Ability to Perform Daily Activities in Glaucoma Patients. ARVO Poster 2097-A0004 May 2015.
Waisbourd M., Gogte P., Richman J., Spaeth E., Dai Y., Wizov SS., Hark LA., Spaeth GL. Comparative Results with Regards to Humphrey Visual Fields and the SPARCS Contrast Sensitivity Test in Patients with Glaucoma. AOS meeting April 2015.

Responsible Party: George L. Spaeth MD, Principal Investigator, Wills Eye Identifier: NCT01476644     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: IRB#11-128
Study First Received: October 31, 2011
Last Updated: July 26, 2016
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: Yes
Plan Description: Results section will include analysis from published manuscripts. References will be provided as soon as the manuscripts are accepted.

Keywords provided by George L. Spaeth MD, Wills Eye:
Health related quality of life
Clinical measures of vision

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Ocular Hypertension
Eye Diseases processed this record on September 18, 2017