ClinicalTrials.gov
ClinicalTrials.gov Menu

The CHARM Trial: Chemotherapy for Ablation and Resolution of Mucinous Pancreatic Cysts

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01475331
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : November 21, 2011
Results First Posted : March 20, 2018
Last Update Posted : March 20, 2018
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Matthew T. Moyer, Milton S. Hershey Medical Center

Brief Summary:
The purpose of this study is to evaluate the efficacy of a chemotherapeutic cocktail with or without prior ethanol lavage for ablation of premalignant pancreatic cysts using endoscopic ultrasound-guided fine needle injection (EUS-FNI) for agent delivery.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Mucinous Pancreatic Cysts Drug: Ethanol Drug: Normal Saline Drug: Chemotherapy Phase 2

Detailed Description:

While about half of pancreatic cystic lesions have little to no malignant potential, mucinous cystic neoplasms (MCNs) and intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasms (IPMNs) carry a high potential for progression into pancreatic cancer. Therefore, either close radiographic surveillance or surgical resection is generally recommended for these cysts. However, pancreatic surgery is associated with a significant risk of morbidity and mortality and not all patients are good surgical candidates. As an alternative, endoscopic ultrasound-guided fine needle injection(EUS-FNI) has been shown to be moderately effective in ablating cystic lesions.

The goal of this investigation is to improve the efficacy and safety of this procedure when compared with previous versions of the technique. This study is designed to evaluate the efficacy of a chemotherapeutic cocktail with or without prior ethanol lavage for ablation of pancreatic cystic neoplasms using EUS-FNI for agent delivery. This paired, prospective, double-blind, randomized study will include 78 patients referred to the Penn State Hershey Medical Center. Mucinous or indeterminate pancreatic cysts of 1-5cm with less than 5 compartments and without clear communication with the main pancreatic duct will be included. Patients will be randomized in a 1:1 ratio into a control arm or study arm. Patients randomized to the control arm will receive ethanol lavage of the cyst followed by injection of two carefully selected chemotherapeutic agents. Study arm patients will receive a normal saline lavage followed by injection of the same chemotherapy admixture. Patients will be monitored for 2 hours post-procedure, and a follow-up CT will be performed at 6, and 12 months, or as determined necessary to evaluate cyst resolution. Patients may elect to undergo evaluation for surgical resection at any time, regardless of response, in which case a dedicated pathologist will evaluate any surgical specimens.


Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 46 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Double (Participant, Investigator)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Study Start Date : November 2011
Actual Primary Completion Date : January 2017
Actual Study Completion Date : January 2017

Arm Intervention/treatment
Active Comparator: Control Group
Cyst will be lavaged for 3-5 minutes with Ethanol (alcohol 80%). Following lavage with Ethanol (alcohol 80%), The cyst will be infused with an admixture of chemotherapy drugs (Paclitaxel/ Gemcitabine) 3mg/ml paclitaxel and 19mg/ml gemcitabine.
Drug: Ethanol
Cysts will be lavaged for 3-5 minutes with 80% EtOH

Drug: Chemotherapy
Following lavage with either 80% ethanol (control group) or normal saline (study group), cysts will be injected with a cocktail of 3mg/ml paclitaxel and 19mg/ml gemcitabine.

Experimental: Study Group
Cyst will be lavaged for 3-5 minutes with Normal Saline .. Following lavage with Normal Saline, The cyst will be infused with an admixture of chemotherapy drugs (Paclitaxel/ Gemcitabine) 3mg/ml paclitaxel and 19mg/ml gemcitabine.
Drug: Normal Saline
Cysts will be lavaged for 3-5 minutes with normal saline

Drug: Chemotherapy
Following lavage with either 80% ethanol (control group) or normal saline (study group), cysts will be injected with a cocktail of 3mg/ml paclitaxel and 19mg/ml gemcitabine.




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Number of Participants With the Changing in Cyst Volume [ Time Frame: 6, and 12 months post procedure ]
    The primary outcome of interest will be change in cyst size, as measured on initial, 6, and 12 month CT/MRI, or as determined necessary to evaluate cyst resolution. Cyst size was calculated by measuring x and y diameters and calculating cyst volume using the formula:4/3xpxr3 where r is the average of the cyst radius as measured on the initial, 6-month, and 12-month magnetic resonance imaging or computed tomography. Response was defined according to the same volume percentage reductions as described in previous trials where: complete response is a =>95% reduction in cyst volume, partial response is a 94%-75% reduction, and anon-response is <75% reduction in volume.11 The overall ablation rates in both arms were also compared with historical controls to assess the efficacy of the chemotherapeutic cocktail.



Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.


Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Patients age 18 and older of any gender, ethnicity and race
  • Voluntary enrollment and ability to give written informed consent
  • Capable of safely undergoing endoscopy with deep sedation or general anesthesia
  • Patients with previously-detected pancreatic cyst(s) 1-5 cm in diameter, including indeterminate cysts

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Pancreatic cyst <1cm or >5cm
  • Pancreatic cyst with clear communication with main pancreatic duct
  • Clearly benign lesions by clinical and radiographic evaluation (pseudocysts and serous cystadenomas)
  • Known or suspected pancreatic cancer or pathologic lymphadenopathy
  • Septated cysts with > 5 compartments
  • Coagulopathy (international normalized ratio > 1.6, platelets < 30,000)
  • Evidence of active pancreatitis or pancreatic infection
  • Patients having undergone endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) within 72 hours
  • Baseline lab values at the time of consent: white blood cells > 14 or < 2, hematocrit < 30, platelets < 30,000, INR > 1.6, abnormal CA19-9, lipase > 3 times the upper limit of normal, creatinine > 2.5, ALT > 210, total bilirubin > 2.5, positive qualitative beta-hCG.
  • Any pre-existing or discovered medical condition that may, at the discretion of the investigator, interfere with the completion of and/or participation in the existing protocol.
  • Pregnant, breastfeeding, or incarcerated individuals

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT01475331


Locations
United States, Pennsylvania
Penn State Milton S. Hershey Medical Center
Hershey, Pennsylvania, United States, 17033
Sponsors and Collaborators
Milton S. Hershey Medical Center

Publications automatically indexed to this study by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number):
Responsible Party: Matthew T. Moyer, Assistant Professor, Milton S. Hershey Medical Center
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01475331     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: IRB 33751
First Posted: November 21, 2011    Key Record Dates
Results First Posted: March 20, 2018
Last Update Posted: March 20, 2018
Last Verified: February 2018

Keywords provided by Matthew T. Moyer, Milton S. Hershey Medical Center:
pancreatic cyst
chemotherapy
ethanol
ablation

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Pancreatic Cyst
Cysts
Neoplasms
Pancreatic Diseases
Digestive System Diseases
Paclitaxel
Gemcitabine
Ethanol
Antineoplastic Agents, Phytogenic
Antineoplastic Agents
Tubulin Modulators
Antimitotic Agents
Mitosis Modulators
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Antimetabolites, Antineoplastic
Antimetabolites
Antiviral Agents
Anti-Infective Agents
Enzyme Inhibitors
Immunosuppressive Agents
Immunologic Factors
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Anti-Infective Agents, Local
Central Nervous System Depressants