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Photobiomodulation as a New Approach for the Treatment of Nipple Traumas

This study has been completed.
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Angelica Rodrigues de Araujo, Pontifícia Universidade Católica de Minas Gerais Identifier:
First received: October 26, 2011
Last updated: NA
Last verified: October 2011
History: No changes posted
Inadequate care during pregnancy and postpartum are predisposing factors for the emergence of nipple fissures. The therapeutic approach of nipple trauma care guidelines aimed at the breast and the appropriate techniques for breastfeeding. These measures, however, have a much more preventive than curative, it is not, in most cases, sufficient to power the closing of nipple trauma. The objective of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of a phototherapy device designed specifically for the treatment of nipple trauma.

Condition Intervention Phase
Injuries to the Nipple (Fissures and Cracks) Resulting Breastfeeding
Device: Photobiomodulation
Phase 1
Phase 2

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment

Resource links provided by NLM:

Further study details as provided by Pontifícia Universidade Católica de Minas Gerais:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Size and classification of injuries
    wounds nipple will be measured weekly in the initial assessment and for six consecutive weeks, using a digital caliper and classified at the beginning and end of treatment according to Pereira et al (1998). The measurements and classification of cracks will be conducted by a researcher previously trained to perform procedures.

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Pain:
    pain intensity will be evaluated using the Visual Numeric Scale (VNS). The EVN will be applied at baseline and at the beginning of each week of treatment, for six consecutive weeks.

Study Start Date: February 2006
Study Completion Date: November 2006
Primary Completion Date: August 2006 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
No Intervention: Control
Experimental: Photobiomodulation Device: Photobiomodulation

the participants of this group will receive, in addition to guidance on the breast care and proper techniques for feeding, phototherapy applications through photobiomodulador a device developed specifically for the treatment of nipple injuries. The parameters for applications are: continuous mode of emission, power output 10 mW, wavelength infrared (scanning from 880 to 904 nm) fluence of 4 J / cm ² and total application time of 10 minutes.

The application of the device will be three times per week on alternate days for seven consecutive weeks, totaling 21 sessions.


Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 35 Years   (Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   Female

Inclusion Criteria:

  • women should have a medical diagnosis of nipple trauma were not infected and aged 18 to 35 years

Exclusion Criteria:

  • previous history of cancer; use of other therapeutic modalities that might interfere with the healing of the lesions; presence of infected wounds; history of photosensitivity to light; cognitive deficits that undermine the understanding and implementation of guidelines of care for breast
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Please refer to this study by its identifier: NCT01462019

Pontifícia Universidade Católica de Minas Gerais
Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais, Brazil
Sponsors and Collaborators
Pontifícia Universidade Católica de Minas Gerais
  More Information

Responsible Party: Angelica Rodrigues de Araujo, Profa., Phd, Pontifícia Universidade Católica de Minas Gerais Identifier: NCT01462019     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 0239.0.213.000-07
Study First Received: October 26, 2011
Last Updated: October 26, 2011

Keywords provided by Pontifícia Universidade Católica de Minas Gerais:
nipple trauma
breast feeding
wound healing processed this record on April 26, 2017