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Effects in Type of Birth of Physical Exercise During Pregnancy

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01461187
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : October 27, 2011
Last Update Posted : October 27, 2011
Information provided by (Responsible Party):

Study Description
Brief Summary:


Objectives:[The goal is] to confirm if physical activity of medium intensity performed during gestation can influence the way of delivery, and observe the adherence to exercise among pregnant women with different education levels. Methods: Held at the Center for Breastfeeding Incentive in the city of São Sebastião, State of São Paulo (Brazil), between April 7, 2008 and April 14, 2009, the prospective study involved 66 primigravid women, who were divided into two groups: the exercise group (GE) that exercised regularly during pregnancy, and the other control group (GC) that did not exercise regularly during same period. The significance level adopted in this study was five per cent (p = 0.05).

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment
Pregnancy Other: exercise during pregnancy

Detailed Description:
Research was conducted at the Maternal Breastfeeding Incentive Center (Centro de Incentivo ao Aleitamento Materno - CIAMA) in São Sebastião, São Paulo, Brazil. The 66 primigravidas were allocated to two groups: a control group, with 29 pregnant women who had not performed any kind of physical activity during pregnancy, and another group, the exercise group, with 37 pregnant women who performed supervised aerobic physical exercises twice a week. These volunteers needed to attend at least 20 sessions to be included in the research. No pregnant women in the control group or the exercise group had performed regular physical activity in the year prior to the pregnancy. All participants received verbal information on how the research would be conducted, and after agreeing to participate they signed a free and informed consent term. The physical activity was prescribed by a physical therapist who remained available to address any doubts about the physical activity and about the research. The study followed the baselines of the American Congress of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ACOG), where the environment temperature hasn't exceeded 28 °C. The pregnant women were told to wear comfortable clothes and to drink water before and during the activity, and not to perform physical activity while fasting. They were also instructed to interrupt the activity in case they felt dizziness, breathlessness, pain, muscle weakness, dyspnea prior to effort or in case they presented calf swelling or pain, bleeding or signs of labor, or, still, if they noticed decrease in fetal movements. Two weeks after birth the volunteers were contacted by phone to collect information on the type of birth.

Study Design

Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 66 participants
Allocation: Non-Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Supportive Care
Official Title: Effects in Type of Birth of Physical Exercise During Pregnancy
Study Start Date : April 2008
Primary Completion Date : January 2009
Study Completion Date : April 2009

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

U.S. FDA Resources

Arms and Interventions

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: exercise in pregnancy
37 pregnant women who performed supervised aerobic physical exercises twice a week
Other: exercise during pregnancy
supervised aerobic physical exercises twice a week.
No Intervention: Control group
29 pregnant women who had not performed any kind of physical activity during pregnancy

Outcome Measures

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Predomination of type of birth, vaginal birth or Cesarean section among pregnant women participating in the exercise group and the control group. [ Time Frame: Research conducted between April 7, 2008 and April 14, 2009 (one year) ]
    Of the 66 volunteers, 37 were part of the exercise group (EG) and 29 of the control group (CG). Of the 37 in the control group, 25 had vaginal birth, while 12 had a Cesarean. In contrast, of the 29 in the CG, 11 had vaginal birth and 18 had a Cesarean.

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Adhesion to exercise among the pregnant women with undergraduate and elementary education. [ Time Frame: The investigation lasted for one year ]
    Of the 66 volunteers, 12 had undergraduate education. Of these, 11 were part of the EG and one of the CG. In contrast, 15 of the 66 pregnant volunteers had primary education, six of which were part of the EG, while nine were part of the CG.

Eligibility Criteria

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 30 Years   (Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   Female
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes

The inclusion criteria:

  • nulliparae,
  • sedentary women,
  • ages between 18 and 30,
  • gestation age superior to 18 weeks without clinical or obstetrical complications

Exclusion Criteria:

The volunteers in the GE couldn't have a gestation age superior to 20 weeks, had to participate on regular physical activity twice a week, and have a total frequency of at least 20 sessions. The EG pregnant women with frequency inferior to 20 sessions were discarded from the study.

The volunteers in the CG couldn't have performed regular physical activity during pregnancy. In both groups, the participants hadn't performed regular physical activity in the year prior to the pregnancy.

However, 31 women were discarded during the research: three for miscarriage, being two from the GE and one from the GC; one from the GE for anemia; one from the GC for pre-eclampsia; two for loss of contact after birth, being one from each group; 11 from the GE for not reaching the minimum frequency; seven claimed personal reasons for leaving the research, being five from the GC and two from the GE; and six participants abandoned the study.

Contacts and Locations

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT01461187

center of encouraging breastfeeding (CIAMA)
São Sebastião, São Paulo, Brazil, 11600-000
Sponsors and Collaborators
Hospital do Servidor Publico Estadual
Maternal Breastfeeding Incentive Center (CIAMA)
Principal Investigator: Lílian Cristina da Silveira hostital public servant's state sao paulo (HSPE)
More Information

Additional Information:

Responsible Party: Lilian Cristina da Silveira, Physiotherapist master's degree in health sciences, Hospital do Servidor Publico Estadual
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01461187     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: Líliancsilveira
First Posted: October 27, 2011    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: October 27, 2011
Last Verified: October 2011

Keywords provided by Lilian Cristina da Silveira, Hospital do Servidor Publico Estadual:
Cesarean section