Art Therapy as Treatment for Fear of Childbirth
Recruitment status was: Recruiting
Earlier research has shown that pregnant women with a pronounced fear of childbirth have a significantly increased risk for birth complications and subsequent psychological trauma. In Sweden and also internationally, women in fear of childbirth are treated in many differing ways. Evidence for best care for these women is lacking. The Art Therapy method is a creative, psycho-therapeutic form of treatment which has been used for several decades within psychiatry. It has recently been seen that the Art Therapy method has positive effects during treatment for crisis reactions.
Recruitment has recently been initiated for a randomized controlled study of Art Therapy for the treatment of fear of childbirth.
The hypothesis for the study is as follows:
H1 = treatment with Art Therapy and therapeutic conversations will result in a decrease in fear of childbirth when compared to treatment by therapeutic conversations only.
The instrument which is to be used for measurement of childbirth fear is the Wijma Delivery Expectancy Questionnaire (W-DEQ). This is a well validated instrument which was developed in Sweden. A power calculation has shown a need for 62 x 2 participants; a total of 124 women.
|Fear of Childbirth||Other: Art Therapy and therapeutic conversations Other: Therapeutic conversations|
|Study Design:||Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
|Official Title:||Art Therapy as Treatment for Fear of Childbirth:a Randomized Controlled Study|
- Scores for the Wijma Delivery Expectancy Questionnaire (W-DEQ) [ Time Frame: Change in W-DEQ scores measured at entry to the study (approximately gestational weeks 20 to 31) and again at gestational week 36. ]
|Study Start Date:||May 2011|
|Estimated Primary Completion Date:||December 2012 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
Experimental: Art therapy group
Treatment in this arm consists of five Art Therapy sessions and therapeutic conversations.
Other: Art Therapy and therapeutic conversations
Treatment consists of five sessions of Art Therapy given by an authorised Art Therapist and therapeutic conversations with specialist midwives. Number of conversations is determined by the participant.
Active Comparator: Therapeutic conversation group
Treatment by therapeutic conversations only
Other: Therapeutic conversations
Therapeutic conversations with specialist midwives. Number of conversations is determined by the participant.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT01457482
|Contact: Helén Wahlbeck, Lic. Midwife||+46 email@example.com|
|Contact: Linda J Kvist, PhD||+46 70 firstname.lastname@example.org|
|Helsingborg, Skane, Sweden, 25187|
|Contact: Helén Wahlbeck, Licenced Midwife +46 42121268 email@example.com|
|Contact: Linda J Kvist, PhD +46 702361311 firstname.lastname@example.org|
|Principal Investigator: Helén Wahlbeck, Lic. Midwife|
|Study Chair:||Linda J Kvist, PhD||Lund University, Lund, Sweden|