Intervention Study With Omega-3 Fatty Acids for Weight Loss and Insulin Resistance in Adolescents (O3WLIRADOL)
|Obesity Insulin Resistance||Dietary Supplement: Omega3 and an hypocaloric diet. Dietary Supplement: Sunflower oil with an hypocaloric diet.|
|Study Design:||Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Double (Participant, Investigator)
Primary Purpose: Supportive Care
|Official Title:||The Impact of Using omega3 Long-chain Polyunsaturated Fatty Acids in Weight Loss and Insulin Resistance in Obese Adolescents|
- Change in Insulin Resistance [ Time Frame: At baseline (at diagnosis) throughout six months. ]Change from baseline in insulin resistance at three and six months. Changes in insulin resistance will be evaluated through fasting insulin and HOMA index.
- Nutritional status [ Time Frame: At baseline (at diagnosis) throughout six months. ]Nutritional status will be determined by registering anthropometrical measurements: weight, stature, body mass index, waist.
|Actual Study Start Date:||July 2012|
|Study Completion Date:||January 2017|
|Primary Completion Date:||December 2015 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
Experimental: omega 3 and an hypocaloric diet
Participants will receive a supplement containing omega 3: DHA and EPA fatty acids together with an hypocaloric diet.
Dietary Supplement: Omega3 and an hypocaloric diet.
Thirty caps with the supplement will be provided every mo during three mo. Supplement will be administered as gel caps containing 1.1 g of DHA and EPA (®MaxEpa, Merck Laboratory) Hypocaloric diet will start at admission and will continue during the six months of follow-up. It will consist in providing a personalized diet including: a) reduction of 700 Kcal from the usual diet considering lipids and carbohydrates, b) increasing fruits and vegetables intake up to six portions daily each, and c) incrementing the intake of fiber to 30 g a day through the inclusion of whole grains.
Placebo Comparator: Placebo
Participants will receive a supplement containing sunflower oil with an hypocaloric diet.
Dietary Supplement: Sunflower oil with an hypocaloric diet.
Thirty caps with the placebo will be provided every mo during three mo. Placebo will be administered as gel caps containing 1g of sunflower oil, which is omega-3 free, and is not expected to produce anti-inflammatory or insulin sensitivity effects. Hypocaloric diet will start at admission and will continue during the six months of follow-up. It will consist in providing a personalized diet including: a) reduction of 700 Kcal from the usual diet considering lipids and carbohydrates, b) increasing fruits and vegetables intake up to six portions daily each, and c) incrementing the intake of fiber to 30 g a day through the inclusion of whole grains.
Other Name: Sunflower oil
Background: In 2006, the prevalence of overweight and obesity combined in scholar and adolescents in Mexico was 26% and 31% respectively, which represents more than double of that reported in year 2000. Together with such increments in the obesity rates, it was observed similar increases in the incidence of other metabolic conditions such as insulin resistance (IR). In a very simplistic manner, it seems that the link between obesity and IR is a chronic inflammatory status because the adipose tissue-derived inflammatory molecules interfere with the uptake of fatty acids and glucose in peripheral tissues.
On the other hand, it is accepted that the long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids (LCPUFA) omega-3 exhibit anti-inflammatory properties. In addition, it has been also demonstrated the beneficial effect exerted by such fatty acids on insulin sensitivity, and in stabilizing the weight lost achieved with hypocaloric diets.
At present, the prevalence of overweight and obesity combined are in the range of 41-43% in the adolescent population that attend the four areas of influence of the Mexican Institute of Social Security (IMSS) in Mexico City. Interventions addressed to improve the nutritional status of these groups of age are expected to impact the risk for IR and its associated co-morbidities.
Objective: To evaluate the impact of supplementation with LCPUFA omega-3, together with a dietary strategy, on obesity and insulin resistance in a sample of obese adolescents attended in the IMSS.
Methods: In a randomized clinical design, 300 obese individuals, 12-18 years old, will be selected. At selection, individuals will be randomly assigned to receive daily a capsule with 1.1 g LCPUFA omega-3 during three mo together with a hypocaloric diet which follows the WHO recommendations (D+O3), or to receive daily a capsule with 1.0 g sunflower oil and a similar diet (P+D). After randomization, dietary information (24h-recall and FFQ), anthropometric measurements, and peripheral blood samples, will be obtained. Blood samples will be used to determine fasting plasma glucose and insulin, and erythrocytes fatty acid profile; such determinations will be repeated at three and six mo of follow-up. Anthropometry and 24 h-recalls will be repeated monthly.
For follow-up, studied subjects will be evaluated monthly to deliver capsules and to check for dietary adherence. Treatments will be administered during three months and the follow-up will continue throughout six months. At the end of the follow-up it is expect that the D+O3 group will present: a) higher decreases in mean weight and BMI, b) greater decreases in the mean fasting insulin concentration, HOMA index, and IR frequency, c) longer duration of weight lost.
Statistical analyses: Student and paired-t test will be used for inter and intra group comparisons respectively. Logistic regression models and repeated measures analyses will be conducted to evaluate the effect of treatments, adjusting by diet and weight loss, as well as by confounders such as puberty and treatment adherence.
Infrastructure: The Unit of Research in Medical Nutrition owes the equipment needed to conduct the laboratory determinations proposed in this research, as well as the personnel qualified to conduct, monitor, analyze and evaluate data from field investigation, specially that related to obesity and IR.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT01456221
|Unit or research in Medical Nutrition, Pediatric Hospital CMN "Siglo XXI", Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social|
|Mexico City, Mexico, 06720|
|Principal Investigator:||Mardia Lopez-Alarcon, PhD||Unit for Medical Research in Nutrition, Pediatric Hospital CMN "Siglo XXI"|