The Effect of Different Emergency Medical Systems on the Prognosis of Traumatic Brain Injury - a Retrospective Study

This study has been completed.
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Tampere University Hospital Identifier:
First received: October 5, 2011
Last updated: November 14, 2014
Last verified: November 2014

The aim of the study is to measure the effect of Finnish physician-staffed EMS unit treatment methods on traumatic brain injury (TBI) patient prognosis.

Traumatic Brain Injury

Study Type: Observational
Study Design: Observational Model: Case Control
Time Perspective: Retrospective
Official Title: The Effect of Different Emergency Medical Systems on the Prognosis of Traumatic Brain Injury

Resource links provided by NLM:

Further study details as provided by Tampere University Hospital:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Mortality [ Time Frame: 1 year ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Glasgow outcome score [ Time Frame: 1 year ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

Enrollment: 466
Study Start Date: September 2011
Study Completion Date: December 2013
Primary Completion Date: December 2013 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Patients treated by physician-staffed emergency medical service (EMS) unit
Patients treated by paramedic-staffed emergency medical service (EMS) unit

Detailed Description:

A secondary aim is to identify out-of-hospital treatment factors that can be influenced by education and protocols.


Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Sampling Method:   Non-Probability Sample
Study Population

primary care clinic


Inclusion Criteria:

  • TBI with GCS ≤ 8 or unconsciousness verified by an on-call neurosurgeon during admission to the hospital.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Multiple trauma
  Contacts and Locations
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Please refer to this study by its identifier: NCT01454648

Tampere University Hospital
Tampere, Finland
Sponsors and Collaborators
Tampere University Hospital
Study Director: Arvi Yli-Hankala, professor Tampere University Hospital
Principal Investigator: Toni Pakkanen, M.D. Tampere university
Study Director: Ilkka Virkkunen, M.D., PhD Tampere University Hospital
Study Director: Tom Silfvast, M.D., PhD Helsinki university hospital
Study Chair: Tarja Randell, M.D., PhD Helsinki university hospital
  More Information

No publications provided

Responsible Party: Tampere University Hospital Identifier: NCT01454648     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: R09161
Study First Received: October 5, 2011
Last Updated: November 14, 2014
Health Authority: Finland: Ethics Committee

Keywords provided by Tampere University Hospital:
Traumatic Brain Injury

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Brain Injuries
Brain Diseases
Central Nervous System Diseases
Craniocerebral Trauma
Nervous System Diseases
Trauma, Nervous System
Wounds and Injuries processed this record on March 26, 2015