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A Study to Evaluate the Safety, Tolerability, Pharmacokinetics and Preliminary Anti-Tumor Activity of the Oral Anaplastic Lymphoma Kinase (ALK)/Epidermal Growth Factor Receptor (EGFR) Inhibitor Brigatinib (AP26113)

This study is ongoing, but not recruiting participants.
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Ariad Pharmaceuticals
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT01449461
First received: September 30, 2011
Last updated: May 26, 2017
Last verified: May 2017
  Purpose
The purpose of this study is 2-fold: initially, in the dose escalation phase, the goal is to determine the safety profile of orally administered brigatinib, including: the maximum tolerated dose (MTD), dose limiting toxicities (DLTs), recommended phase 2 dose (RP2D), and pharmacokinetic (PK) profile. Then, once the RP2D is established, an expansion phase will assess the preliminary anti-tumor activity of brigatinib, both in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) with ALK gene rearrangement (including participants with active brain metastases) or mutated EGFR, and in other cancers with abnormal targets against which brigatinib is active.

Condition Intervention Phase
Lymphoma, Large-Cell, Anaplastic Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung Drug: Brigatinib Phase 1 Phase 2

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Non-Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase 1/2 Study of the Safety, Tolerability, Pharmacokinetics and Preliminary Anti-Tumor Activity of the Oral ALK/EGFR Inhibitor AP26113

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by Ariad Pharmaceuticals:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Recommended Phase 2 Dose of Brigatinib [ Time Frame: 28 days ]
    The RP2D is the maximum tolerated dose (MTD) or less. The MTD is defined as the dose range at which ≤ 1 of 6 evaluable participants experience dose limiting toxicities (DLT) within the first 28 days of treatment (end of cycle 1).

  • Objective Response Rate (ORR) [ Time Frame: Screening and at 8-week intervals thereafter up to data cut-off date: 16 November 2015 (approximately up to 50 months) ]
    ORR assessed by the investigator, is defined as the proportion of the participants with complete response (CR) or partial response (PR) according to Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid tumors (RECIST) v1.1 after the initiation of study treatment. CR for target lesion: disappearance of all extranodal lesions and all pathological lymph nodes must have decreased to <10 mm in short axis. CR for non-target lesion: Disappearance of all extranodal non-target lesions, all lymph nodes must be non-pathological in size (<10mm short axis) and normalization of tumor marker level. PR: at least a 30% decrease in the sum of the longest diameters (SLD) of target lesions, taking as reference the baseline sum diameters. Crzb=Crizotinib.


Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Number of Participants Who Had at Least One Treatment-Emergent Adverse Event (TEAE) [ Time Frame: Any adverse event reported on or after the day of first dose of study drug (approximately up to 50 months) ]
    An Adverse Event (AE) is defined as any untoward medical occurrence in a clinical investigation participant administered a drug; it does not necessarily have to have a causal relationship with this treatment. A treatment-emergent adverse event (TEAE) is defined as an adverse event with an onset that occurs after receiving study drug.

  • Maximum Tolerated Dose (MTD) Assessed in Dose Escalation Phase of the Study [ Time Frame: Up to Cycle 1 (28 days) ]
    The MTD is defined as the highest dose at which ≤ 1 of 6 evaluable participants experience a DLT within the first 28 days of treatment (end of cycle 1). Evaluable participants must complete at least 75% of their planned doses, unless missed doses are due to AEs. The cohort may be expanded to better define the safety profile for confirmation of the MTD. The maximum administered dose in the trial will likely exceed the MTD.

  • Number of Participants With Dose Limiting Toxicities (DLTs) Assessed in Dose Escalation Phase of the Study [ Time Frame: Up to Cycle 1 (28 days) ]
    DLT include any toxicity that is possibly, probably, or definitely drug-related. Toxicity grades will be defined by the National Cancer Institute (NCI) Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (CTCAE) v 4.0. DLTs are defined by the following: A) Non-hematologic toxicities: Any grade ≥3 non-hematologic toxicity, with the exception of self-limiting or medically controllable toxicities (eg, nausea, vomiting, fatigue, electrolyte disturbances, hypersensitivity reactions) lasting < 3 days, and excluding alopecia. B) Hematologic toxicities: Febrile neutropenia not related to underlying disease (fever, > 101°F; ANC<500); Prolonged grade 4 neutropenia (> 7 days); Neutropenic infection: ≥ grade 3 neutropenia with ≥ grade 3 infection; Thrombocytopenia ≥ grade 3 with bleeding or grade 4 lasting ≥ 7 days. C) Missed ≥ 25% of planned doses of brigatinib over 28 days due to treatment-related AEs in the first cycle.

  • Cmax: Maximum Observed Plasma Concentration for Brigatinib [ Time Frame: Cycle 1 Day 1 ]
  • Cmax: Maximum Observed Plasma Concentration for Brigatinib [ Time Frame: Cycle 2 Day 2 ]
  • Tmax: Time to Reach the Maximum Plasma Concentration (Cmax) for Brigatinib [ Time Frame: Cycle 1 Day 1 ]
  • Tmax: Time to Reach the Maximum Plasma Concentration (Cmax) for Brigatinib [ Time Frame: Cycle 2 Day 1 ]
  • AUC(0-24): Area Under the Plasma Concentration-Time Curve From Time 0 to 24 Hours Post-dose for Brigatinib [ Time Frame: Cycle 1 Day 1, 8, 15 and 22 pre-dose and Day 1 multiple timepoints (up to 48 hours) post-dose; Cycle 2 Day 1 and 3 pre-dose and Day 1 multiple time points (up to 48 hours) post-dose ]
  • Terminal Phase Elimination Half-life (T1/2) for Brigatinib [ Time Frame: Cycle 2 Day 1 ]
  • Best Overall Response [ Time Frame: Screening and at 8-week intervals thereafter up to data cut-off date: 16 November 2015 (approximately up to 50 months) ]
    Best overall response is defined as proportion of participants with CR, PR, stable disease (SD) or progressive disease (PD) as per of RECIST v1.1 as evaluated by investigator. CR for target lesion: disappearance of all extranodal lesions and all pathological lymph nodes must have decreased to <10 mm in short axis. CR for non-target lesion: disappearance of all extranodal non-target lesions, all lymph nodes must be non-pathological in size (<10mm short axis) and normalization of tumor marker level. PR: at least a 30% decrease in the SLD of target lesions, taking as reference the baseline sum diameters. Disease progression for target lesion: SLD increased by at least 20% from smallest value on study and SLD must also demonstrate an absolute increase of at least 5 mm or development of any new lesion. PD for non-target lesion: unequivocal progression of existing non-target lesions. SD for neither sufficient shrinkage to qualify for PR nor sufficient increase to qualify for PD.

  • Duration of Response [ Time Frame: Screening and at 8-week intervals thereafter up to data cut-off date: 16 November 2015 (approximately up to 50 months) ]
    Duration of response is defined as time interval from the time that measurement criteria are first met for CR/PR (whichever is first recorded) until first date that progressive disease is objectively documented or death due to any cause. Participants who did not progress nor die were censored at last valid response assessment. CR for target lesion: disappearance of all extranodal lesions and all pathological lymph nodes must have decreased to <10 mm in short axis. CR for non-target lesion: disappearance of all extranodal non-target lesions, all lymph nodes must be non-pathological in size (<10mm short axis) and normalization of tumor marker level. PR: at least a 30% decrease in SLD of target lesions. PD for target lesion: SLD increased by at least 20% from smallest value and must also demonstrate an absolute increase of at least 5 mm or development of any new lesion. PD for non-target lesion: unequivocal progression of existing non-target lesions.

  • Progression Free Survival (PFS) [ Time Frame: Screening and at 8-week intervals thereafter up to data cut-off date: 16 November 2015 (approximately up to 50 months) ]
    PFS is defined as the time interval from the date of the first dose of the study treatment until the first date at which disease progression is objectively documented, or death due to any cause, whichever occurs first. Disease progression for target lesion: SLD increased by at least 20% from the smallest value on study (including baseline, if that is the smallest) and SLD must also demonstrate an absolute increase of at least 5 mm or development of any new lesion. Disease progression for non-target lesion: Unequivocal progression of existing non-target lesions. (Subjective judgment by experienced reader). PFS was calculated by Kaplan-Meier estimation.

  • Overall Survival (OS) [ Time Frame: Screening and at 8-week intervals thereafter up to data cut-off date: 16 November 2015 (approximately up to 50 months) ]
    OS is defined as the time interval from the date of the first dose of the study treatment until death due to any cause.

  • Intracranial Objective Response Rate [ Time Frame: Screening and at 8-week intervals thereafter up to data cut-off date: 16 November 2015 (approximately up to 50 months) ]
    Intracranial objective response rate is defined as the proportion of the participants with CR or PR in the intracranial CNS per modification of RECIST v1.1 after the initiation of study drug. CR for target lesion: disappearance of all extranodal lesions. CR for non-target lesion: disappearance of all extranodal non-target lesions and normalization of tumor marker level. PR: at least a 30% decrease in the sum of the longest diameters (SLD) of target lesions, taking as reference the baseline sum diameters. Meta.=Metastases.

  • Duration of Intracranial Response [ Time Frame: Screening and at 8-week intervals thereafter up to data cut-off date: 16 November 2015 (approximately up to 50 months) ]
    Intracranial duration of response is defined as the time interval from the time that the measurement criteria are first met for CR/PR in brain metastases (whichever is first recorded) until the first date that progressive disease is objectively documented or death due to any cause. Participants who did not progress nor die were censored at the last valid response assessment. Duration intracranial of response was calculated by Kaplan-Meier estimation.

  • Intracranial Progression Free Survival (PFS) [ Time Frame: Screening and at 8-week intervals thereafter up to data cut-off date: 16 November 2015 (approximately up to 50 months) ]
    PFS is defined as the time interval from the date of the first dose of the study treatment until the first date at which disease progression in brain, or death due to any cause, whichever occurs first. Intracranial PFS was calculated by Kaplan-Meier estimation.


Enrollment: 137
Actual Study Start Date: September 20, 2011
Estimated Study Completion Date: July 8, 2019
Primary Completion Date: November 16, 2015 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: Brigatinib 30 mg QD/60 mg QD
Brigatinib 30 mg/60 mg, tablets, orally, once daily (QD) in each cycle of 28 days (approximately, up to 44.4 months).
Drug: Brigatinib
Brigatinib tablets and capsules
Other Names:
  • ALUNBRIG™
  • AP26113
Experimental: Brigatinib 90 mg QD
Brigatinib 90 mg, tablets, orally, once daily (QD) in each cycle of 28 days (approximately, up to 44.4 months).
Drug: Brigatinib
Brigatinib tablets and capsules
Other Names:
  • ALUNBRIG™
  • AP26113
Experimental: Brigatinib 120 mg QD/60 mg BID
Brigatinib 120 mg, once daily or 60 mg, twice daily (BID), tablets, orally, in each cycle of 28 days (approximately, up to 44.4 months).
Drug: Brigatinib
Brigatinib tablets and capsules
Other Names:
  • ALUNBRIG™
  • AP26113
Experimental: Brigatinib 90 mg QD-180 mg QD
Brigatinib 90 mg, tablets, orally, once daily for 7 days followed by brigatinib 180 mg, orally once daily in Cycle 1 of 28 days followed by brigatinib 180 mg, orally once daily in cycle 2 and onward cycles of 28 days.
Drug: Brigatinib
Brigatinib tablets and capsules
Other Names:
  • ALUNBRIG™
  • AP26113
Experimental: Brigatinib 180 mg QD/90 mg BID
Brigatinib 180 mg, once daily or 90 mg, twice daily (BID), tablets, orally in each cycle of 28 days (approximately, up to 44.4 months).
Drug: Brigatinib
Brigatinib tablets and capsules
Other Names:
  • ALUNBRIG™
  • AP26113
Experimental: Brigatinib 240 mg QD/120 mg BID/300 mg QD
Brigatinib 240 mg, once daily (QD) or 120 mg, twice daily (BID) or 300 mg once daily, tablets, orally, in each cycle of 28 days (approximately, up to 44.4 months).
Drug: Brigatinib
Brigatinib tablets and capsules
Other Names:
  • ALUNBRIG™
  • AP26113

Detailed Description:

The drug being tested in this study is called brigatinib (AP26113). Brigatinib is being tested to treat people with NSCLC. This study will look at the safety, tolerability and efficacy of brigatinib .

The study enrolled 137 patients. Participants were assigned to one of the following treatment groups:

  • Brigatinib 30 mg once daily (QD)/60 mg QD
  • Brigatinib 90 mg QD
  • Brigatinib 120 mg QD/60 mg twice daily (BID)
  • Brigatinib 90 mg QD-180 mg QD
  • Brigatinib 180 mg QD/90 mg BID
  • Brigatinib 240 mg QD/120 mg BID/300 mg QD

Participants will be enrolled in dose escalation study with expansion into 5 cohorts (histologically and molecularly defined) after an RP2D was established. All participants will be asked to take brigatinib, orally once daily or twice daily in each cycle of 28 days

This multi-center trial will be conducted worldwide. The overall expected time to participate in this study is approximately 4 years. Participants will make multiple visits to the clinic, and 30 days after the End-of-Treatment visit. Follow-up is intended to continue for at least 2 years after the initial dose.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

General Eligibility Criteria

  1. All participants must have tumor tissue available for analysis. If sufficient tissue is not available, participants must undergo a biopsy to obtain adequate samples. For participants in expansion cohorts 2, 3 and 5, for whom failure of prior therapy is specified (crizotinib for cohorts 2 and 5, one epidermal growth factor receptor-tyrosine kinase inhibitor (EGFR-TKI) for cohort 3),tumor tissue must be available following failure of the prior therapy.
  2. Must have measurable disease by Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors (RECIST).
  3. Male or female participants ≥ 18 years old.
  4. Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status 0 or 1.
  5. Minimum life expectancy of 3 months or more.
  6. Adequate renal and hepatic function.
  7. Adequate bone marrow function.
  8. Normal QT interval on screening electrocardiogram (ECG) evaluation.
  9. For females of childbearing potential, a negative pregnancy test must be documented prior to enrollment.
  10. Female participants who are of childbearing potential and fertile male participants must agree to use an effective form of contraception with their sexual partners throughout study participation.
  11. Signed and dated informed consent indicating that the participant has been informed of all pertinent aspects of the study.
  12. Willingness and ability to comply with scheduled visits and study procedures.

Cohort-specific Eligibility Criteria

PART 1: Dose Escalation Phase:

  1. Histologically confirmed advanced malignancies. All histologies except leukemia;
  2. Refractory to available therapies or for whom no standard or available curative treatments exist;
  3. Tumor tissue available for analysis.

PART 2: Expansion cohorts (5 additional cohorts):

1. Expansion cohort 1: Non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) participants whose tumors exhibit anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK) rearrangements and who have not been treated with previous ALK inhibitors.

i. Histologically or cytologically confirmed NSCLC; ii. Tumor tissue available for analysis (see General Eligibility Criterion 1; iii. History of ALK rearrangement by fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH); iv. No prior ALK inhibitor therapy; 2. Expansion cohort 2: NSCLC participants whose tumors exhibit ALK rearrangements and who are resistant to crizotinib: i. Histologically or cytologically confirmed NSCLC; ii. Tumor tissue available for analysis (see General Eligibility Criterion 1); iii. History of ALK rearrangement by FISH; iv. Resistant to crizotinib (and have not received any other prior ALK inhibitor therapy); 3. Expansion cohort 3: NSCLC participants whose tumors exhibit an epidermal growth factor receptor EGFR-T790M mutation and who are resistant to 1 prior EGFR TKI: i. Histologically or cytologically confirmed NSCLC ii. Previous treatment with only 1 EGFR TKI for which the last administration was within 30 days of the initiation of brigatinib; iii. Documented evidence of an EGFR-T790M mutation following disease progression on the most recent EGFR TKI therapy; iv. No intervening systemic therapy between cessation of the EGFR TKI and initiating brigatinib; v. Tumor tissue available for analysis (see General Eligibility Criterion 1). 4. Expansion cohort 4: Participants with any cancers with abnormalities in ALK or other brigatinib targets. Examples include, but are not limited to, anaplastic large cell lymphoma (ALCL), diffuse large-cell lymphoma (DLCL), inflammatory myofibroblastic tumors (IMT), and other cancers with ALK abnormalities, or tumors with ROS1 fusions: i. Histologically confirmed lymphomas and other cancers, with the exception of leukemias; ii. Tumor tissue available for analysis (see General Eligibility Criterion 1). 5. Expansion Cohort 5: NSCLC participants whose tumors exhibit ALK rearrangements and who have active, measurable brain metastases: i. Histologically or cytologically confirmed NSCLC: ii. Tumor tissue available for analysis (see General Eligibility Criterion 1); iii. History of ALK rearrangement by FISH; iv. Either crizotinib naive or resistant; v. Have at least one measurable brain lesion (≥ 10 mm by contrast enhanced, T1 weighted magnetic resonance imaging [cMRI]). Previously treated brain lesions by stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS) or surgical resection should not be included as a target or non-target lesion; vi. Previously untreated brain metastases with radiologically documented new or progressing brain lesions. Unequivocal progression of previously treated lesions (non-SRS and non-surgically treated lesions) at least 3 months after the last treatment; vii. Neurologically stable. Participants must be on a stable or deceasing dose of corticosteroids and/or have no requirement for anticonvulsants for 5 days prior to the baseline MRI and for 5 days prior to initiating brigatinib.

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. Received an investigational agent ≤ 14 days prior to initiating brigatinib.
  2. Received systemic anticancer therapy (including monoclonal antibodies and irreversible TKIs such as afatinib or dacomitinib) or radiation therapy ≤ 14 days prior to initiating brigatinib.

    a. Except for a reversable TKI (ie, erlotinib or gefitinib) or crizotinib, which are allowed up to 72 hours prior to initiating brigatinib, provided that the participant is free of treatment-related toxicity that might confound the safety evaluation of brigatinib.

  3. Received any prior agents targeted against ALK, with the exception of crizotinib, or received more than 1 prior EGFR TKI.

    a. Re-challenge with the same TKI is allowed.

  4. Major surgery within 28 days prior to initiating brigatinib.
  5. Brain metastases that are neurologically unstable or require anticonvulsants or an increasing dose of corticosteroids.

    1. Participants with previously treated brain metastases without evidence of disease or recurrence are allowed for cohorts 1-4.
    2. Participants with evaluable but non-measurable, active brain lesions who otherwise meet the criteria for cohort 5 for CNS disease can be enrolled in other cohorts.
  6. Significant uncontrolled or active cardiovascular disease.
  7. Uncontrolled hypertension (diastolic blood pressure [BP] > 100 mm Hg; systolic > 150 mm Hg).
  8. Prolonged QT interval, or being treated with medications known to cause Torsades de Pointes.
  9. History or presence of pulmonary interstitial disease or drug-related pneumonitis.
  10. Ongoing or active infection. The requirement for intravenous (IV) antibiotics is considered active infection.
  11. Known history of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). Testing is not required in the absence of history.
  12. Pregnant or breastfeeding.
  13. Malabsorption syndrome or other gastrointestinal illness that could affect oral absorption of brigatinib.
  14. Any condition or illness that, in the opinion of the Investigator, would compromise participant safety or interfere with the evaluation of the safety of the drug.
  15. Leptomeningeal carcinomatosis and spinal cord compression. In the case of suspected meningeal involvement, a negative lumbar puncture prior to study entry is required.
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT01449461

Sponsors and Collaborators
Ariad Pharmaceuticals
Investigators
Study Director: Medical Director Takeda
  More Information

Publications automatically indexed to this study by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number):
Responsible Party: Ariad Pharmaceuticals
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01449461     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: AP26113-11-101
2011-005718-12 ( EudraCT Number )
U1111-1196-8197 ( Other Identifier: World Health Organization )
Study First Received: September 30, 2011
Results First Received: May 26, 2017
Last Updated: May 26, 2017

Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: Yes
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Lymphoma
Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung
Lymphoma, Large-Cell, Anaplastic
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Neoplasms
Lymphoproliferative Disorders
Lymphatic Diseases
Immunoproliferative Disorders
Immune System Diseases
Carcinoma, Bronchogenic
Bronchial Neoplasms
Lung Neoplasms
Respiratory Tract Neoplasms
Thoracic Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Lung Diseases
Respiratory Tract Diseases
Lymphoma, T-Cell
Lymphoma, Non-Hodgkin

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on August 18, 2017