The Effects of Sedative on the Fluid Responsiveness in Critically Ill Patients
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Hypotension and bradycardia are often observed following induction of dexmedetomidine or propofol sedation.Cardiac preload decrease by sedative agents was often considered as one of main causes for this hypotension.The investigators hypothesized that hypotension after induction of sedation is caused by decrease of preload by sedative agents,and passive leg raising (PLR)test could predict this event.Dexmedetomidine or propofol infusion in patients with circulatory failure decrease cardiac preload and enhance preload-dependency and fluid responsiveness.
Condition or disease
Other: Passive Leg RaisingDrug: propofol or mexmedetomidine
In this clinical trial,the investigators hypothesized dexmedetomidine or propofol infusion in patients with circulatory failure decrease cardiac preload and enhanced preload-dependency and fluid responsiveness,and PLR induced pulse pressure variation (PLR-ΔPP) could predict the hypotension during dexmedetomidine induction in critically ill patients.Before dexmedetomidine or propofol infusion, the investigators will conduct passive leg raising test. At first, the patient's trunk was elevated 45 degrees for the first set of measurements. Then, the lower limbs were raised to a 45° angle while the patient's trunk was lowered to a supine position to measure peak BP (usually within 30-90 s). Hemodynamic profiles planned to be measured are SBP, DBP, CVP and HR.Sedation was induced with a dexmedetomidine 0.5μg/kg over 10 min loading, followed by a maintenance infusion of 0.2-0.7 μg/kg/h for one hour. The dose of propofol was titrated targeting the Richmond agitation sedation scale (RASS) ranged from -2 to -1 (bispectral index: 60-75).Hypotension was defined as a SBP less than 80 mmHg or DBP was less than 50 mmHg, or greater than 30% decrease from baseline for longer than 60 s. Bradycardia was defined a HR 50 /min or greater than 30% change from baseline for longer than 60 s. Receiver operator characteristic curve analysis was performed to evaluate sensitivity and specificity of the value PLR-ΔPP to detect patients at high risk of hypotension.
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Ages Eligible for Study:
18 Years to 80 Years (Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:
patients with at least one of the clinical manifestations of acute circulatory failure; patients undergoing dexmedetomidine or propofol infusion
deep venous thrombosis or elastic compression stocking
an increase in the intra-abdominal pressure confirmed by clinical examination
serious central nervous system pathology (head trauma, severe dementia, acute stroke, uncontrolled seizures)
severe liver disease(Child-Pugh class C)
unstable angina or acute myocardial infarction
left ventricular ejection fraction less than 30%
heart rate(HR) less than 50/min, heart block with second- or third degree
systolic blood pressure (SBP) less than 90 mmHg despite 2 vasopressors infusion continuously before the begin of dexmedetomidine infusion