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Effects of Prostacyclin Infusion on Cerebral Vessels and Metabolism in Patients With Subarachnoid Haemorrhage

This study has been completed.
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Rune Rasmussen, Rigshospitalet, Denmark Identifier:
First received: October 2, 2011
Last updated: July 18, 2014
Last verified: July 2014
The purpose of this study is to determine whether prostacyclin is effective in prevention of cerebral vasospasm in patients with subarachnoidal hemorrhage (SAH).

Condition Intervention Phase
Subarachnoid Hemorrhage
Drug: Prostacyclin 1 ng/kg/min
Drug: Prostacyclin 2 ng/kg/min
Drug: Placebo
Phase 2

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Double Blind (Participant, Care Provider, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Prevention
Official Title: Effect of Prostacyclin Infusion on Cerebral Vessels, Cerebral Bloodflow and Cerebral Metabolism in Patients With Subarachnoid Haemorrhage

Resource links provided by NLM:

Further study details as provided by Rigshospitalet, Denmark:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Radiographic vasospasm measured by CT perfusion [ Time Frame: Day 8 (+/- 1 day) after aneurysm treatment ]
    Changes in regional cerebral blood flow from baseline in the arterial territories of the anterior cerebral artery, medial cerebral artery and the posterior cerebral artery

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Cerebral metabolism measured by microdialysis [ Time Frame: every 2. hour day 3-10 after aneurysm treatment ]
    Cerebral metabolism measured by microdialysis. Lactate, pyruvate, glucose, glutamate and glycerol are measured.

  • Glasgow outcome scale (GOS) at 3 months [ Time Frame: 3 months efter SAH ]
    Glasgow outcome scale (GOS) at 3 months obtained by telephone interview.

  • Clinical vasospasm [ Time Frame: day 5-10 after SAH ]
    Clinical vasospasm defined as delayed neurological deficits (DIND).

  • Brain tissue oxygen (PtiO2) [ Time Frame: continuous measurement day 3-10 after SAH ]
    Brain tissue oxygen (PtiO2) measured by Licox catheter.

  • Mean arterial pressure (MAP) [ Time Frame: Continuous day 1-10 after SAH ]
    Mean arterial pressure (MAP) measured by arterial catheter.

  • Radiographic vasospasm measured by CT angiography [ Time Frame: Measured day 8 +/- 1 day ]
    Qualitative assessment (none, mild/moderate, severe) of vasospasm.

  • Level of brain damage biomarker [ Time Frame: daily day 4-11 after SAH ]
    Serum levels of S100b in peripheral blood

Other Outcome Measures:
  • Neuropeptide Y [ Time Frame: May 2014 ]
    Neuropeptide Y will be measured in all patients Day 2-11. The concentration will be related to CBF, angiographic vasospasm and clinical outcome for all patients. The results will be reported in a separate puplication.

Enrollment: 90
Study Start Date: October 2011
Study Completion Date: June 2014
Primary Completion Date: June 2014 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Active Comparator: Low dose prostacyclin Drug: Prostacyclin 1 ng/kg/min
Continuous i.v. infusion of epoprostenol 1 ng/kg/min day 5-10 after SAH
Other Name: Flolan
Active Comparator: High dose prostacyclin Drug: Prostacyclin 2 ng/kg/min
Continuous i.v. infusion of epoprostenol 2 ng/kg/min day 5-10 after SAH
Other Name: Flolan
Placebo Comparator: Placebo Drug: Placebo
Continuous i.v. infusion with placebo day 5-10 after SAH


Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • SAH verified by CT
  • Aneurysm identified and treated
  • Fisher grade 3 + 4
  • WFNS grade 1-4 (World Federation of Neurosurgical Societies )

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Pregnancy/lactation
  • Heard failure
  • Kidney failure
  • Liver failure
  • Hemorrhagic diathesis
  Contacts and Locations
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Please refer to this study by its identifier: NCT01447095

Rigshospitalet, dep. of neurosurgery
Copenhagen, Denmark, 2200
Sponsors and Collaborators
Rune Rasmussen
Principal Investigator: Rune Rasmussen, MD Rigshospitalet, Denmark
  More Information

Publications automatically indexed to this study by Identifier (NCT Number):
Responsible Party: Rune Rasmussen, MD, Sponsor-Investigator, Rigshospitalet, Denmark Identifier: NCT01447095     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 2011-002798-50
Study First Received: October 2, 2011
Last Updated: July 18, 2014

Keywords provided by Rigshospitalet, Denmark:
Subarachnoid hemorrhage

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Subarachnoid Hemorrhage
Pathologic Processes
Intracranial Hemorrhages
Cerebrovascular Disorders
Brain Diseases
Central Nervous System Diseases
Nervous System Diseases
Vascular Diseases
Cardiovascular Diseases
Antihypertensive Agents
Platelet Aggregation Inhibitors
Vasodilator Agents processed this record on May 25, 2017