Most Closely HLA-Matched CTLs for Relapsed Epstein Barr Virus(EBV)-Associated Diseases (MALTED)
Patients have a type of a lymph node cancer called lymphoma, a tumor of the nasal passages called nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC), a tumor of a particular type of muscle called leiomyosarcoma (LMS) or a condition called severe chronic active EBV (SCAEBV) syndrome. The disease has come back, may come back or has not gone away after treatment. This voluntary research study uses special immune system cells called LMP-specific cytotoxic T lymphocytes, a new experimental therapy.
Some patients with these diseases show evidence of infection with the virus that causes infectious mononucleosis (called Epstein-Barr virus, or EBV) before or at the time of their diagnosis. EBV is found in the cancer cells of up to half of the patients with lymphomas, and in some cases of NPC and LMS, suggesting that it may play a role in causing these diseases. Those cancer cells (as well as some B cells in SCAEBV) that are infected by EBV are able to hide from the body's immune system and escape destruction. We want to see if special white blood cells, called T cells, that have been trained to kill cells infected by EBV can survive in the blood and affect the tumor.
This treatment with specially trained T cells has had activity against these viruses when the cells are made from patients with those diseases (or, after bone marrow transplant, from the patient's transplant donor). However, sometimes it is not possible to grow these cells; other times, it may take 2 to 3 months to make the cells, which may be too long when one has an active tumor. We are therefore asking if subjects would like to participate in this study, which tests if blood cells from a donor that is a partial match with the subject (or the transplant donor) that have been grown in the way described above can survive in the blood and affect the disease.
These LMP-specific CTLs are an investigational product not approved by the Food and Drug Administration.
Severe Chronic Active EBV (SCAEBV)
Biological: LMP specific T cells
|Study Design:||Endpoint Classification: Safety Study
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
|Official Title:||Most Closely HLA-Matched Allogeneic LMP1/2-Specific Cytotoxic T Lymphocytes for Treatment of Patients With Relapsed EBV-Associated Diseases|
- Patients with dose limiting toxicities after T-cell infusions [ Time Frame: 6 weeks ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]To determine the safety of intravenous injections of third-party, partially HLA- matched, allogeneic Epstein Barr Virus (EBV)-specific cytotoxic T-lymphocytes (CTL) in patients with severe chronic active EBV (SCAEBV) infection or EBV-associated Hodgkin or non-Hodgkin lymphomas (HL/NHL), other lymphoproliferative disorders (LPD) or other malignancies (leiomyosarcoma and nasopharyngeal carcinoma)
- Safety and response to a repeated dosage regimen [ Time Frame: 5 years ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]To obtain preliminary information on the safety and response to a repeated dosage regimen.
- Analysis of immune function of CTLs [ Time Frame: 5 years ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]To determine the survival and the immune function of third-party allogeneic EBV-specific CTL lines
- Number of patients with an EBV and/or disease response to the CTLs [ Time Frame: 6 weeks ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]To assess anti-EBV and anti-tumor effects of third-party partially HLA- matched allogeneic EBV-specific CTL lines.
|Study Start Date:||February 2012|
|Estimated Study Completion Date:||February 2020|
|Primary Completion Date:||March 2015 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
Experimental: LMP Specific T cells
LMP specific T cells will be given by intravenous injection over 1-10 minutes through either a peripheral or a central line and the IV flushed with saline. Then the second product will be given by intravenous injection over 1 to 10 minutes and the IV flushed with saline. The volume of infusion will depend upon the concentration of the cells when frozen, the dose level, and the size of the patient.
Biological: LMP specific T cells
Three dose levels will be evaluated:
Dose Level 1: 2×10^7 cells/m2; Dose Level 2: 1×10^8 cells/m2; Dose Level 3: 2×10^8 cells/m2
If patients have a partial response or have stable disease they will be eligible to receive up to 5 further doses of CTLs, each of which will consist of the same number as their first injection.
First, we will search our cell bank to see if there is a CTL line that is a match with the subject and his/her donor. This matching is done using HLA type, which measures 6 proteins on the cell surface. If HLA type has not been previously checked, we will do a blood draw (half to one tablespoon) so that this can be done.
These CTL lines have been made at Baylor College of Medicine from donors for other transplant patients or other normal donors from the National Marrow Donor Program. All donors have been screened in the same way that we screen blood donors. When the CTL lines were made, blood was taken from the donors and used to grow T cells. To do this, we first grew a special type of cells called dendritic cells or monocytes and we put a specially produced human virus (adenovirus) that carries the LMP genes into the dendritic cells or monocytes. They were then used to stimulate T cells. This stimulation trained the T cells to kill cells with LMP on their surface.
We then grew these LMP specific CTLs by more stimulation with EBV infected cells (made from the same blood). We also put the adenovirus that carries the LMP genes into these EBV infected cells so that we increased the amount of LMP that these cells had. These EBV infected cells were treated with radiation so they could not grow. Once we made sufficient numbers of T cells, we tested them to make sure they kill cells with LMP on their surface and froze them.
To make sure that these cells won't attack the subject's tissues, we will also test the cells against his/her own cells, which we will grow in the laboratory.
If the level of circulating T-cells in the patient is relatively high, s/he will receive one treatment of cyclophosphamide. This drug will decrease the numbers of the patient's own T-cells before the investigators infuse the LMP-specific cytotoxic T-lymphocytes. If the patient is already receiving chemotherapy, this may not be needed.
The LMP specific CTLs will be thawed and injected IV over 1-5 minutes. Initially, one dose of T-cells will be given. If after the first dose, there is a reduction in the size of the patient's disease, they can receive up to five additional doses of the T-cells if they wish.
This is a dose escalation study, which means that the doses of cells will be increased as more patients are treated, as long as the lower doses are determined to be safe.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT01447056
|United States, Texas|
|Houston Methodist Hospital|
|Houston, Texas, United States, 77030|
|Texas Children's Hospital|
|Houston, Texas, United States, 77030|
|Principal Investigator:||Carlos A Ramos, MD||Baylor College of Medicine|