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Study of the Booster Effect of DTaP-IPV-Hep B-PRP~T Combined Vaccine or Infanrix Hexa™ and Prevenar™ in Healthy Infants

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT01444781
First Posted: October 3, 2011
Last Update Posted: July 16, 2014
The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Sanofi ( Sanofi Pasteur, a Sanofi Company )
  Purpose

This is a follow-up of the primary series vaccination schedule in Study A3L24 (NCT01177722). The objectives are:

  • To describe the antibody persistence to any antigen contained in the investigational DTaP-IPV-Hep B-PRP-T vaccine and Infanrix hexa™ prior to the booster dose
  • To describe the safety and immunogenicity of the booster dose of either DTaP-IPV-Hep B-PRP-T or Infanrix hexa™ vaccine.
  • To describe the immunogenicity of a booster dose of Prevenar™ given at 12 to 24 months.

Condition Intervention Phase
Diphtheria Tetanus Whooping Cough Hepatitis B Poliomyelitis Biological: DTaP-IPV-Hep B-PRP~T combined vaccine + Pneumococcal polysaccharide Biological: DTaP-Hep B-IPV // Hib Vaccine + Pneumococcal polysaccharide Biological: DTaP-IPV-Hep B-PRP~T + Pneumococcal polysaccharide vaccine Phase 3

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Single (Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Prevention
Official Title: Evaluation of Antibody Persistence Following a Primary Series at 2, 4, and 6 Months on Trial A3L24 and Booster Effect of the DTaP-IPV-Hep B-PRP~T Combined Vaccine or Infanrix Hexa™ Concomitantly Administered With Prevenar™ at 12 to 24 Months of Age in Healthy Latin American Infants

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by Sanofi ( Sanofi Pasteur, a Sanofi Company ):

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Summary of Diphtheria and Tetanus Post Primary Series Antibodies, Persistence and Booster Response Following Vaccination With Either DTaP-IPV Hep B-PRP T Vaccine or Infanrix Hexa Vaccine [ Time Frame: Day 140 (Primary series) and Day 0 (Pre-booster) ]

    Anti-Diphtheria (D) antibodies were measured by a toxin neutralization test. Anti-Tetanus (T) antibodies were measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). Antibody persistence for anti-Diphtheria and anti-Tetanus antibodies was defined as titers ≥0.01 IU/mL and ≥0.1 IU/mL before the booster dose at Day 0. Booster response to Diphtheria and Tetanus was defined as antibody titers ≥0.01 IU/mL and ≥0.1 IU/mL at Day 30 post-booster vaccination.

    Day 140 = Primary series; Day 0 = Pre-booster; and Day 30 = Post-booster titers


  • Summary of Pertussis and Filamentous Haemagglutinin Post Primary Series Antibodies, Persistence and Booster Response Following Vaccination With Either DTaP-IPV-Hep B-PRP~T Vaccine or Infanrix Hexa Vaccine [ Time Frame: Day 140 after primary vaccination, Day 0 (pre-vaccination), and Day 30 after final booster vaccination ]

    Anti-Pertussis toxin (PT) and anti-Filamentous haemagglutinin (FHA) antibodies were measured by ELISA. Antibody persistence for anti-PT and anti-FHA was defined as titers ≥ lower limit of quantitation (LLOQ) before the booster dose at Day 0. Booster responses for PT and FHA at Day 30 were defined as: pre-vaccination antibody concentrations < LLOQ and post-vaccination levels ≥ 4 x LLOQ, pre-vaccination antibody concentrations ≥ LLOQ but < 4 x LLOQ and post/pre vaccination ≥ 4, and pre-vaccination antibody concentrations ≥ 4 x LLOQ and post/pre-vaccination ≥ 2.

    Day 140 = Primary series; Day 0 = Pre-booster; and Day 30 = Post-booster titers.


  • Summary of Polio Antibodies Post Primary Series, Persistence and Booster Response Following Vaccination With Either DTaP-IPV-Hep B-PRP~T Vaccine or Infanrix Hexa Vaccine [ Time Frame: Day 140 after primary vaccination, Day 0 (pre-vaccination), and Day 30 after final booster vaccination ]

    Anti-Poliovirus types 1, 2, and 3 antibodies were measured by neutralization assay. Antibody persistence for anti-Poliovirus 1, 2, and 3 was defined as antibody titers ≥8 (1/dil) before the booster dose at Day 0. Booster response to Poliovirus 1, 2, and 3 was defined as antibody titers ≥8 (1/dil) at Day 30.

    Day 140 = Primary series; Day 0 = Pre-booster; and Day 30 = Post-booster titers.


  • Summary of Hepatitis B and Haemophilus Influenzae Type B Post Primary Series Antibodies; Antibody Persistence, and Booster Response Following Vaccination With Either DTaP-IPV-Hep B-PRP~T Vaccine or Infanrix Hexa Vaccine [ Time Frame: Day 140 after primary vaccination, Day 0 (pre-vaccination), and Day 30 after final booster vaccination ]

    Anti-Hepatitis B antibodies were measured by the commercially available VITROS ECi/ECiQ Immunodiagnostic System. Anti-Haemophilus influenza type b capsular polyribosyl ribitol phosphate (PRP) antibodies were measured using a Farr type radioimmunoassay that used radiolabeled PRP (3H PRP) in the presence of 36Cl (volume marker). Anti-Hepatitis antibody titers ≥ 10 mIU/mL and ≥ 100 mIU/mL at Day 0 confirmed antibody persistence and booster response at Day 30. Anti-PRP antibody titers ≥ 0.15 µg/ml and ≥ 1.0 µg/ml at Day 0 confirmed antibody persistence and booster response at Day 30.

    Day 140 = Primary series; Day 0 = Pre-booster; and Day 30 = Post-booster titers.



Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Summary of Geometric Mean Titers to Vaccine Antibodies Post Primary Vaccination Series; Before and After Booster Vaccination With Either DTaP-IPV-Hep B-PRP~T Vaccine or Infanrix Hexa Vaccine. [ Time Frame: Day 140 after primary vaccination, Day 0 (pre-vaccination), and Day 30 after final booster vaccination ]

    Anti-Diphtheria antibodies were measured by a toxin neutralization test. Anti-Tetanus, anti-PT, and anti-FHA antibodies were measured by ELISA. Anti-Poliovirus types 1, 2, and 3 were measured by neutralization assay. Anti-Hepatitis B antibodies were measured by the commercially available VITROS ECi/ECiQ Immunodiagnostic System. Anti-PRP antibodies were measured using a Farr type radioimmunoassay that used radiolabeled PRP (3H PRP) in the presence of 36Cl (volume marker).

    Day 140 = Primary series; Day 0 = Pre-booster; and Day 30 = Post-booster titers.


  • Summary of Immune Response Against Serotypes in the Prevenar Vaccine After Booster Vaccination With Either DTaP-IPV-Hep B-PRP~T Vaccine or Infanrix Hexa Vaccine [ Time Frame: Day 30 after final booster vaccination ]
    Anti-Streptococcus pneumococcal type specific antibody (anti-Pn PS) was measured by ELISA. Booster response to pneumococcal serotypes 4, 6B, 9V, 14, 18C, 19F, and 23F was defined as antibody titers ≥0.35 µg/mL at Day 30.

  • Summary of Geometric Mean Titers to Prevenar Vaccine Antibodies After Booster Vaccination With Either DTaP-IPV-Hep B-PRP~T Vaccine or Infanrix Hexa Vaccine [ Time Frame: Day 30 after final booster vaccination ]
    Anti-Streptococcus pneumococcal type specific antibody (anti-Pn PS) was measured by ELISA.

  • Summary of Booster Response to Vaccine Antigens Before and After Booster Vaccination With Either DTaP-IPV-Hep B-PRP~T Vaccine or Infanrix Hexa Vaccine By Age Strata [ Time Frame: Day 0 (pre-vaccination) and Day 30 after final booster vaccination ]
    Anti-PT and anti-FHA antibodies were measured by ELISA.

  • Summary of Geometric Mean Titers to Vaccine Antigens After Booster Vaccination With Either DTaP-IPV-Hep B-PRP~T Vaccine or Infanrix Hexa Vaccine by Age Strata [ Time Frame: Day 30 after final booster vaccination ]
    Anti-Diphtheria antibodies were measured by a toxin neutralization test. Anti-FHA antibodies were measured by ELISA. Anti-Poliovirus types 1, 2, and 3 were measured by neutralization assay.

  • Number of Participants Reporting a Solicited Injection Site or Systemic Reactions Following Booster Vaccination With Either DTaP-IPV-Hep B-PRP~T Vaccine or Infanrix Hexa Vaccine [ Time Frame: Day 0 up to Day 7 after final booster vaccination ]
    Solicited injection site: Pain, Erythema, Swelling, and Extensive swelling of vaccinated limb; Solicited systemic reactions: Pyrexia (Temperature), Vomiting, Crying, Somnolence, Anorexia, and Irritability. Grade 3 Injection site: Pain, Cries if limb is moved or reduced movement; Erythema and Swelling, ≥5 cm; Extensive swelling of limb, Severe. Grade 3 Systemic reactions: Pyrexia (Temperature) >39.5˚C; Vomiting, ≥ 6 times per 24 hours or needing parenteral nutrition; Crying, >3 hours; Somnolence, Sleeping often or difficulty waking; Anorexia, refuses ≥3 meals; and Irritability, Inconsolable.

  • Number of Participants Reporting a Solicited Injection Site Following Booster Vaccination With Prevenar Vaccine [ Time Frame: Day 0 up to Day 7 after final booster vaccination ]
    Solicited injection site: Pain, Erythema, Swelling, and Extensive swelling of vaccinated limb. Grade 3 Injection site: Pain, cries if limb is moved or reduced movement; Erythema and Swelling, ≥5 cm; and Extensive swelling of limb, Severe.


Enrollment: 1106
Study Start Date: September 2011
Study Completion Date: October 2013
Primary Completion Date: April 2013 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: Study Group 1
Participants previously primed with DTaP-IPV-Hep B-PRP~T, will receive one dose of DTaP-IPV-Hep B-PRP~T vaccine + one dose of Prevenar™
Biological: DTaP-IPV-Hep B-PRP~T combined vaccine + Pneumococcal polysaccharide
0.5 mL, Intramuscular each into the right and left deltoid muscle
Other Names:
  • DTaP-IPV-Hep B-PRP~T vaccine
  • Prevenar™
Active Comparator: Study Group 2
Participants previously primed with DTaP-IPV-Hep B-PRP~T, will receive one dose of Infanrix hexa™ vaccine + one dose of Prevenar™
Biological: DTaP-Hep B-IPV // Hib Vaccine + Pneumococcal polysaccharide
0.5 mL, Intramuscular each into the right and left deltoid muscle
Other Names:
  • Infanrix hexa™
  • Prevenar™
Experimental: Study Group 3
Participants previously primed with Infanrix hexa™ will receive one dose of DTaP-IPV-Hep B-PRP~T + one dose of Prevenar™.
Biological: DTaP-IPV-Hep B-PRP~T + Pneumococcal polysaccharide vaccine
0.5 mL (each), Intramuscular each into the right and left deltoid muscle
Other Names:
  • DTaP-IPV-Hep B-PRP~T combined vaccine
  • Prevenar™

Detailed Description:

All participants who completed trial A3L24 (NCT01177722) will be recruited to participate in this trial. Those who received DTaP-IPV-Hep B-PRP-T combined vaccine will be randomized to receive either a booster dose of DTaP-IPV-Hep B-PRP-T or Infanrix hexa™ vaccine.

Those who received Infanrix hexa™ will receive a booster dose of DTaP-IPV-Hep B-PRP-T combined vaccine. All participants will receive a booster dose of Prevenar™ concomitantly.

  Eligibility

Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.


Ages Eligible for Study:   12 Months to 24 Months   (Child)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Aged 12 to 24 months on the day of inclusion.
  • Informed consent form has been signed and dated by the parent(s) or other legally acceptable representative (and by an independent witness(es) if required by local regulations).
  • Subject and parent/guardian are able to attend all scheduled visits and to comply with all trial procedures.
  • Toddlers previously included in Study A3L24 who completed the three-dose primary series vaccination of either DTaP-IPV-Hep B-PRP~T or Infanrix hexa™ at 2,4 and 6 months of age according to protocol (both concomitantly administered with Prevenar™ and Rotarix™).

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Participation in another clinical trial investigating a vaccine, drug, medical device, or medical procedure in the 4 weeks preceding the booster vaccinations.
  • Planned participation in another clinical trial during the present trial period.
  • Receipt of any vaccine in the 4 weeks preceding the booster vaccinations, except in case of pandemic influenza vaccination, which may be received at least two weeks before the study vaccines.
  • Planned receipt of any vaccine in the 4 weeks following the trial vaccinations.
  • Previous booster vaccination against pertussis, tetanus, diphtheria, poliomyelitis, Haemophilus influenzae type b, hepatitis B and pneumococcal infection(s) with either the trial vaccine or another vaccine.
  • Receipt of blood or blood-derived products in the past 3 months, which might interfere with assessment of the immune response.
  • Known or suspected congenital or acquired immunodeficiency; or receipt of immunosuppressive therapy such as anti-cancer chemotherapy or radiation therapy within the preceding 3 months; or long-term systemic corticosteroid therapy (prednisone or equivalent for more than 2 consecutive weeks within the past 3 months).
  • Laboratory-confirmed or clinical suspicion of personal or maternal seropositivity for Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV), hepatitis B, or hepatitis C, as reported by the parent/guardian.
  • History of pertussis, tetanus, diphtheria, poliomyelitis, Haemophilus influenzae type b, hepatitis B and pneumococcal infection(s), confirmed either clinically, serologically, or microbiologically.
  • At high risk for opportunistic infection during the trial.
  • Known systemic hypersensitivity to any of the vaccine components, or history of a life-threatening reaction to the vaccine(s) used in the trial or to a vaccine containing any of the same substances.
  • History of contraindication to receipt of pertussis-containing vaccine.
  • Laboratory-confirmed or clinical suspicion of thrombocytopenia contraindicating Intramuscular vaccination.
  • Bleeding disorder, or receipt of anticoagulants in the 3 weeks preceding inclusion, contraindicating intramuscular vaccination.
  • History of seizures .
  • Chronic illness that, in the opinion of the investigator, is at a stage where it might interfere with trial conduct or completion.
  • Receipt of oral or injected antibiotic therapy within 72 hours prior to the first blood draw
  • Febrile illness (temperature ≥ 38.0°C) or moderate or severe acute illness/infection (according to investigator judgment) on the day of vaccination.
  Contacts and Locations
Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT01444781


Locations
Colombia
Cali, Colombia
Costa Rica
San José de Costa Rica, Costa Rica
Sponsors and Collaborators
Sanofi Pasteur, a Sanofi Company
Investigators
Study Director: Medical Director Sanofi Pasteur SA
  More Information

Additional Information:
Responsible Party: Sanofi Pasteur, a Sanofi Company
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01444781     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: A3L27
U1111-1112-8473 ( Other Identifier: WHO )
First Submitted: September 29, 2011
First Posted: October 3, 2011
Results First Submitted: June 12, 2014
Results First Posted: July 16, 2014
Last Update Posted: July 16, 2014
Last Verified: July 2014

Keywords provided by Sanofi ( Sanofi Pasteur, a Sanofi Company ):
Diphtheria
Tetanus
Whooping Cough
Hepatitis B
Poliomyelitis
Pediatric combined vaccine
Invasive Hib infections

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Hepatitis
Hepatitis B
Tetanus
Diphtheria
Poliomyelitis
Whooping Cough
Liver Diseases
Digestive System Diseases
Hepadnaviridae Infections
DNA Virus Infections
Virus Diseases
Hepatitis, Viral, Human
Clostridium Infections
Gram-Positive Bacterial Infections
Bacterial Infections
Corynebacterium Infections
Actinomycetales Infections
Enterovirus Infections
Picornaviridae Infections
RNA Virus Infections
Myelitis
Central Nervous System Infections
Central Nervous System Diseases
Nervous System Diseases
Spinal Cord Diseases
Neuromuscular Diseases
Bordetella Infections
Gram-Negative Bacterial Infections
Respiratory Tract Infections
Infection