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Neoadjuvant Platinum-based Chemotherapy for Patients With Resectable , Non-small Cell Lung Cancer With Switch to Chemotherapy Alternative in Nonresponders (NEOSCAN)

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01443078
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : September 29, 2011
Results First Posted : August 9, 2016
Last Update Posted : October 6, 2017
Information provided by (Responsible Party):

Study Description
Brief Summary:

The purpose of this study is to test a new approach to the use of standard drugs before surgery in patients with lung cancer. This study will find out what effects, good and/or bad, that this approach has on the cancer.

It is routine to give chemotherapy prior to surgery in patients with this type of lung cancer, to help keep it from coming back. It is also routine to perform a special type of scan called a PET scan. This PET scan measures how active a cancer is by use of a special tracer made out of sugar. In this study, all patients will have a PET scan and then be treated with standard chemotherapy drugs, either pemetrexed and cisplatin if the cancer is a "non-squamous" cancer or gemcitabine and cisplatin if the cancer is a squamous cancer. In rare cases, the doctor will decide to give carboplatin instead of cisplatin. In most patients, a repeat PET scan will show that the tumor is decreasing and they will complete standard chemotherapy then go on to have surgery.

In some patients, a repeat PET scan will show that the tumor has not decreased enough. For these patients, the routine practice is to proceed with surgery. This research study will test whether switching from the standard treatment of pemetrexed and cisplatin or gemcitabine and cisplatin to a different treatment called vinorelbine and docetaxel is safe and effective. Vinorelbine and docetaxel are also standard chemotherapy drugs which work in a different way than pemetrexed or gemcitabine and cisplatin.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Lung Cancer Drug: pemetrexed Drug: cisplatin Drug: Carboplatin Drug: Gemcitabine Hydrochloride Drug: Vinorelbine Tartrate Drug: Docetaxel Phase 2

Study Design

Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 42 participants
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Phase II Trial of Neoadjuvant Platinum-based Chemotherapy for Patients With Resectable , Non-small Cell Lung Cancer With Switch to Chemotherapy Alternative in Nonresponders (NEOSCAN)
Study Start Date : October 2011
Primary Completion Date : April 2015
Study Completion Date : April 2015

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Lung Cancer
U.S. FDA Resources

Arms and Interventions

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: pemetrexed plus cisplatin, vinorelbine and docetaxel
This is a phase 2 clinical trial for patients with clinical Stage IB-III resectable and operable non-small cell lung cancer, evaluating whether the switch to an alternative, non-platinum neoadjuvant chemotherapy is safe and effective in patients who do not respond to neoadjuvant platinum-based chemotherapy. Those who fail to respond to platinum-based chemotherapy will be switched to the alternative neoadjuvant chemotherapy vinorelbine 45 mg/m2 and docetaxel 45 mg/m2 on day 1 followed by pegylated filgrastim on day 2, repeated every 2 weeks for 4 doses, followed by repeat FDG PET and CT scan.
Drug: pemetrexed Drug: cisplatin Drug: Carboplatin Drug: Gemcitabine Hydrochloride Drug: Vinorelbine Tartrate Drug: Docetaxel

Outcome Measures

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. PERCIST Partial Metabolic Response [ Time Frame: 2 years ]
    The primary endpoint was partial metabolic response after 2 cycles of "switch" therapy as assessed by PERCIST (SUVmax decrease ≥30% using the pre-switch scan as new baseline).

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Overall Response Rate [ Time Frame: 2 years ]
    (FDG PET and CT), rate of pathologic down-staging, rate of pathologic response, and stage-specific disease free and overall survival in patients with resectable Stage Ib-IIIa "non-squamous", NSCLC treated with neoadjuvant pemetrexed + cisplatin

Eligibility Criteria

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Pathologic confirmation of NSCLC at MSKCC
  • Primary tumor must measure ≥ 2 cm on CT imaging (per PERCIST guidelines)
  • Primary tumor must be FDG-avid with an SUVmax >4.5 (to be consistent with PERCIST guidelines)
  • Patients must be candidates for resection with curative intent
  • Age ≥ 18 years
  • Karnofsky performance status ≥ 70%
  • Normal bone marrow function
  • leukocytes ≥ 3,000/μl
  • absolute neutrophil count ≥ 1,500/μl
  • platelets ≥100,000/μl
  • hemoglobin ≥9gm/dl.
  • Adequate hepatic function
  • Total bilirubin ≤1.5 x ULN
  • AST ≤ 1.5 x UNL, ALT ≤ 1.5 x ULN
  • Alkaline phosphatase ≤ 1.5x ULN
  • Women of childbearing age must have a negative pregnancy test
  • Men and women of childbearing potential must be willing to use effective contraception while on treatment and for at least 3 months thereafter
  • Patients must have the ability to understand and the willingness to sign a written informed consent document

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Patients must not be receiving any other investigational agents
  • History of myocardial infarction or unstable angina within the past 12 months Patients with peripheral neuropathy > grade 1
  • Other serious illness or medical condition including unstable cardiac disease requiring treatment, history of significant neurologic or psychiatric disorders (including psychotic disorders, dementia, or seizures), or active uncontrolled infection.
  • Patients with diabetes mellitus requiring insulin therapy (per PERCIST guidelines)
  • Patients with third space fluid which cannot be adequately controlled with drainage
  • Women who are pregnant or breast-feeding
  • Psychiatric illness or social situation that would limit compliance with study requirements
  • Patients with known HIV infection requiring antiretroviral medications and those with AIDS
  • Baseline subjective hearing deficit, even if it does not require a hearing aid or intervention, or interfere with activities of daily living (CTCAE grade 2 or higher)
  • Baseline renal function <60 ml/min as calculated by the equation of Cockcroft and Gault using the patient's age, weight (kg), and serum creatinine (mg/dl).
  • Congestive heart failure with New York Heart Association functional classification > II, characterized by fatigue, dyspnea or other symptoms which limit activities of daily life.

Selection of Pemetrexed versus Gemcitabine: Patients treated with pemetrexed must meet all of the following criteria:

  • Non-squamous histology
  • Patients must have the ability to interrupt non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) 2 days before (5 days for long-acting NSAIDs), the day of, and 2 days following administration of pemetrexed
  • Patients must have the ability to take folic acid, Vitamin B12, and dexamethasone according to protocol
  • Patient refuses to take cisplatin
Contacts and Locations

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT01443078

United States, New Jersey
Memoral Sloan Kettering Cancer Center
Basking Ridge, New Jersey, United States
United States, New York
Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center @ Suffolk
Commack, New York, United States, 11725
Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center
New York, New York, United States, 10065
Memorial Sloan-Kettering at Mercy Medical Center
Rockville Centre, New York, United States
Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center at Phelps Memorial Hospital Center
Sleepy Hollow, New York, United States, 10591
Sponsors and Collaborators
Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center
Eli Lilly and Company
United States Department of Defense
Principal Investigator: Jamie E. Chaft, MD Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center
More Information

Additional Information:
Responsible Party: Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01443078     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 11-106
First Posted: September 29, 2011    Key Record Dates
Results First Posted: August 9, 2016
Last Update Posted: October 6, 2017
Last Verified: September 2017

Keywords provided by Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center:
Pemetrexed (Altima)
Taxotere (Docetaxel)
Vinorelbine Tartrate (Navelbine)
Stage IB-III
non squamous
non-small cell lung cancer

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Lung Neoplasms
Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung
Respiratory Tract Neoplasms
Thoracic Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Lung Diseases
Respiratory Tract Diseases
Carcinoma, Bronchogenic
Bronchial Neoplasms
Antineoplastic Agents
Antimetabolites, Antineoplastic
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Antiviral Agents
Anti-Infective Agents
Enzyme Inhibitors
Immunosuppressive Agents
Immunologic Factors
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Tubulin Modulators
Antimitotic Agents
Mitosis Modulators