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Strength Training and Nutrition Development for African American Youth (STAND)

This study has been completed.
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Michael I. Goran, University of Southern California Identifier:
First received: September 23, 2011
Last updated: March 29, 2017
Last verified: March 2017
The investigators are conducting an intervention study to examine the effects of a 16-week exercise and diet interventions on prevention of disease, specifically type 2 diabetes and heart disease, in African American youth. Sixty overweight African American boys and girls will be recruited and placed in one of the following intervention groups: 1) Control Group (delayed intervention), 2) Dietary Education Group (nutrition education focused on reducing sugar & soda, increased fiber & whole grain intake), or 3) Combination of Strength Training (twice/week for 60 min, progressive increases in exercise volume and intensity) + Dietary Education (nutrition education focused on reducing sugar & soda, increased fiber & whole grain intake). The investigators will assess which intervention group has the most effects on health parameters such as weight, body composition, and insulin related measures.

Condition Intervention
Type 2 Diabetes
Cardiovascular Risk
Behavioral: Nutrition
Behavioral: Strength Training & Nutrition

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Factorial Assignment
Masking: No masking
Primary Purpose: Prevention
Official Title: USC Center for Transdisciplinary Research on Energetics and Cancer or Obesity-Related Metabolic Disease Risk: Response to Exercise in Minority Youth

Resource links provided by NLM:

Further study details as provided by University of Southern California:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • insulin sensitivity [ Time Frame: post interventive (week 16) ]

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • adiposity [ Time Frame: post intervention (week 16) ]

Enrollment: 62
Study Start Date: June 2007
Study Completion Date: December 2008
Primary Completion Date: November 2008 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
No Intervention: Control (C)
Experimental: Nutrition (N) Behavioral: Nutrition
Nutrition classes for 1 hour & 30 minutes once a week for 16 weeks + motivational interviewing (4 individual sessions)
Experimental: Strength Training & Nutrition (ST) Behavioral: Strength Training & Nutrition
Strength Training twice a week for 1 hour a day for 16 weeks + Nutrition once a week for 1 hour & 30 minutes for 16 weeks + motivational interviewing (4 individual & 4 group sessions)

  Show Detailed Description


Ages Eligible for Study:   14 Years to 18 Years   (Child, Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Overweight (≥85th BMI percentile)
  • African American: Children will initially be defined as African American if they and both parents and all 4 grandparents self identify as African American.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Diabetes: Children will not be eligible for participation if they have any diagnostic criteria for diabetes, including polyuria, polydipsia with or without unexplained weight loss, fasting plasma glucose >126 mg/dl, or a 2-hour plasma glucose >200 mg/dL during an OGTT using a dose of 1.75g glucose/kg BW (to a maximum of 75g). Children will also be excluded if they test positive for diabetes-related auto-antibodies, including ICA512 and GAD. Children testing positive for type 2 diabetes will be referred for treatment. Children with impaired glucose tolerance (fasting glucose >100 mg/dL or 2-hour glucose >140 mg/dl during an oral glucose tolerance test) and/or conditions associated with insulin resistance (e.g. acanthosis nigricans, hypertension, dyslipidemia, poly-cystic ovarian syndrome) will be eligible, as long as they are not receiving treatment and meet other eligibility criteria.
  • Weight loss or exercise program: currently involved with any weight loss or exercise program, or have been in the 6 months prior to participation
  • Use of medications: taking any medications known to influence body composition or insulin action/secretion (e.g. prednisone, ritalin, growth hormone)
  • Syndromes that influence body composition: diagnosed with syndromes or diseases that may influence body composition and fat distribution (e.g. Cushing syndrome, Down syndrome)
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Please refer to this study by its identifier: NCT01441323

United States, California
Veronica Atkins Lifestyle Intervention Laboratory
Los Angeles, California, United States, 90033
Sponsors and Collaborators
University of Southern California
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Principal Investigator: Michael I Goran, PhD University of Southern California
  More Information

Responsible Party: Michael I. Goran, Professor, University of Southern California Identifier: NCT01441323     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 195-1642394A1
1U54CA116848 ( US NIH Grant/Contract Award Number )
Study First Received: September 23, 2011
Last Updated: March 29, 2017
Individual Participant Data  
Plan to Share IPD: No

Keywords provided by University of Southern California:
Type 2 Diabetes
Cardiovascular Risk
African American
Strength Training

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2
Diabetes Mellitus
Glucose Metabolism Disorders
Metabolic Diseases
Endocrine System Diseases
Nutrition Disorders
Body Weight
Signs and Symptoms processed this record on May 23, 2017