Study of Recombinant Coagulation Factor IX Fc Fusion Protein, BIIB029, in Previously Treated Pediatric Participants With Hemophilia B (Kids B-LONG)

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
Swedish Orphan Biovitrum
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Biogen
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT01440946
First received: September 16, 2011
Last updated: June 1, 2015
Last verified: June 2015
  Purpose

The primary objective of the study is to evaluate the safety of Recombinant Human Coagulation Factor IX Fc Fusion Protein (rFIXFc) in previously treated pediatric subjects with hemophilia B. Secondary objectives of this study in this study population are as follows: to evaluate the efficacy of rFIXFc for prevention and treatment of bleeding episodes; to evaluate and assess the pharmacokinetics (PK) of rFIXFc; to evaluate rFIXFc consumption for prevention and treatment of bleeding episodes


Condition Intervention Phase
Hemophilia B
Drug: rFIXFc
Drug: FIX
Phase 3

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: An Open-label, Multicenter Evaluation of Safety, Pharmacokinetics and Efficacy of Recombinant Coagulation Factor IX Fc Fusion Protein, BIIB029, in the Prevention and Treatment of Bleeding Episodes in Pediatric Subjects With Hemophilia B

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by Biogen:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Occurence of Factor IX (FIX) Inhibitor Development [ Time Frame: Up to 50 weeks +/- 7 days, or up to 50 EDs if reached prior to Week 50 ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
    An inhibitor test result ≥ 0.6 Bethesda units (BU)/mL, confirmed on 2 separate samples drawn 2 to 4 weeks apart, was considered positive. Both tests were to be performed by the central laboratory using the Nijmegen-modified Bethesda Assay. Incidences were summarized for any positive inhibitor for participants with ≥ 50 exposure days (EDs) to rFIXFc. In addition, the incidence for all participants, regardless of their EDs to rFIXFc, was also summarized. An exact 95% CI for the proportion of participants with a confirmed inhibitor was calculated using the Clopper-Pearson exact method for a binomial proportion.


Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Annualized Bleeding Rate [ Time Frame: Up to 50 weeks +/- 7 days (efficacy period as defined in description) ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Annualized bleeding rate = (number of bleeding episodes during the efficacy period / total number of days during the efficacy period)*365.25. The efficacy period begins with the first prophylactic dose of rFIXFc and ends with the last dose (for prophylaxis or a bleeding episode). Surgery/rehabilitation periods and PK evaluation periods are not included in the efficacy period. A bleeding episode started from the first sign of bleeding and ended no more than 72 hours after the last treatment for the bleeding episode, within which any symptoms of bleeding at the same location or injections less than or equal to 72 hours apart were considered the same bleeding episode. Any injection to treat the bleeding episode taken more than 72 hours after the preceding one was considered the first injection to treat a new bleeding episode at the same location. Any bleeding at a different location was considered a separate bleeding episode, regardless of time from last injection.

  • Annualized Joint Bleeding Rate (Spontaneous) [ Time Frame: Up to 50 weeks +/- 7 days (efficacy period as defined in description) ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Annualized bleeding rate for spontaneous joint bleeding episode=(number of bleeding episodes meeting those criteria during the efficacy period/total number of days during the efficacy period)*365.25. Efficacy period begins with the first prophylactic dose of rFIXFc and ends with the last dose (for prophylaxis or a bleeding episode). Surgery/rehabilitation periods and PK evaluation periods are not included in the efficacy period. A bleeding episode started from the first sign of bleeding and ended ≤ 72 hours after the last treatment for the bleeding episode, within which any symptoms of bleeding at the same location or injections ≤ 72 hours apart were considered the same bleeding episode. Any injection to treat the bleeding episode taken > 72 hours after the preceding 1 was considered the first injection to treat a new bleeding episode at the same location. Any bleeding at a different location was considered a separate bleeding episode, regardless of time from last injection.

  • Participant Assessment of Response to Injections to Treat a Bleeding Episode [ Time Frame: Up to 50 weeks +/- 7 days ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Participant's assessment of the response (provided by the caregiver) to the first rFIXFc injection for each bleeding episode. Percentages were based on the number of bleeding episodes for which a response was provided for the first injection, using the following 4-point scale: excellent=abrupt pain relief and/or improvement in signs of bleeding within approximately 8 hours after the initial injection; good=definite pain relief and/or improvement in signs of bleeding within approximately 8 hours after an injection, but possibly requiring more than one injection after 24 to 48 hours for complete resolution; moderate=probable or slight beneficial effect within 8 hours after the initial injection and requiring more than one injection; no response=no improvement, or condition worsened, within approximately 8 hours after the initial injection.

  • Physician's Global Assessment of the Participant's Response to His rFIXFc Regimen [ Time Frame: Up to 50 weeks +/- 7 days ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Investigators assessed each participant's response to his rFIXFc regimen using a 4-point scale: excellent=bleeding episodes responded to ≤ the usual number of injections or ≤ the usual dose of rFIXFc or the rate of breakthrough bleeding during prophylaxis was ≤ that usually observed; effective=most bleeding episodes responded to the same number of injections and dose, but some required more injections or higher doses, or there was a minor increase in the rate of breakthrough bleeding; partially effective=bleeding episodes most often required more injections and/or higher doses than expected, or adequate breakthrough bleeding prevention during prophylaxis required more frequent injections and/or higher doses; ineffective=routine failure to control hemostasis, or hemostatic control required additional agents. Percentages are based on the total number of responses; multiple responses per participant are counted.

  • Annualized rFIXFc Consumption by Type of Injection [ Time Frame: Up to 50 weeks +/- 7 days (efficacy period as defined in description) ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Annualized consumption of rFIXFc for prevention of bleeding (prophylactic), treatment of bleeding, and other rFIXFc injections. Consumption is calculated for the efficacy period. The efficacy period began with the first prophylactic dose of rFIXFc and ended with the last dose (regardless of the reason for dosing). Surgery/rehabilitation and PK evaluation periods were not included in the efficacy period. Annualized consumption = (total IU/kg of study treatment received during the efficacy period / total number of days during the efficacy period)*365.25. Participants who did not have a particular injection type are counted as having zero injections for that type.

  • Number of Days From the Last Prophylaxis Injection to a Spontaneous Bleeding Episode [ Time Frame: Up to 50 weeks +/- 7 days (efficacy period as defined in description) ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    The number of days from the last prophylaxis injection to the onset of a new spontaneous bleeding episode, analyzed across all evaluable bleeding episodes per participant and per episode, based on the efficacy period. Evaluable bleeding episodes are those for which both a date and time are available for both the onset of the bleeding episode and the previous prophylactic injection. The efficacy period begins with the first prophylactic dose of rFIXFc and ends with the last dose (for prophylaxis or a bleeding episode). Surgery/rehabilitation periods and PK evaluation periods are not included in the efficacy period. For 'Per participant' values, the number of days from the last prophylactic injection to a spontaneous bleeding episode is averaged across all evaluable spontaneous bleeding episodes per participant.

  • Number of Injections Required for Resolution of a Bleeding Episode [ Time Frame: Up to 50 weeks +/- 7 days (efficacy period as defined in description) ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    The number of injections required to resolve a bleeding episode per participant and per episode, based on the efficacy period. The efficacy period begins with the first prophylactic dose of rFIXFc and ends with the last dose (for prophylaxis or a bleeding episode). Surgery/rehabilitation periods and PK evaluation periods are not included in the efficacy period. All injections given from the initial sign of a bleeding episode, until the last date/time within the bleeding episode window are counted. The resolution of a bleeding episode is defined as no sign of bleeding following injection for the bleeding episode. For 'Per participant' values, the number of injections required to resolve each bleeding episode is averaged across all bleeding episodes per participant.

  • Total Dose Required for Resolution of a Bleeding Episode [ Time Frame: Up to 50 weeks +/- 7 days (efficacy period as defined in description) ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    The total dose required to resolve a bleeding episode per participant and per episode, based on the efficacy period. The efficacy period begins with the first prophylactic dose of rFIXFc and ends with the last dose (for prophylaxis or a bleeding episode). Surgery/rehabilitation periods and PK evaluation periods are not included in the efficacy period. For 'Per bleeding episode' values, for each bleeding episode, the total dose is the sum of the doses (IU/kg) administered across all injections given to treat that bleeding episode. For 'Per participant' values, the total dose (IU/kg) used to resolve each bleeding episode is averaged across all bleeding episodes per participant.

  • Maximum Plasma Activity (Cmax; One-stage Activated Partial Thromboplastin Time [aPTT] Clotting Assay) [ Time Frame: Baseline (28±7 days before Day 1) Prestudy FIX Dosing: predose; 30±5 min, 3 hrs±30 min, 10±2 hrs, 24±3 hrs, 48±4 hrs postdose. Day 1 rFIXFc Dosing: predose; 30±5 min, 3 hrs ±30 min, 10±2 hrs, 24±3 hrs, 72±7 hrs, 120±12 hrs, 168±16 hrs postdose. ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Cmax: maximum plasma FIX activity during a dosing interval. The values for Cmax were adjusted to the nominal dose of 50 IU/kg. The 95% confidence interval on the geometric mean is based on the t-statistic back-transformed from the log scale.

  • Terminal Half Life (t1/2; One-stage aPTT Clotting Assay) [ Time Frame: Baseline (28±7 days before Day 1) Prestudy FIX Dosing: predose; 30±5 min, 3 hrs±30 min, 10±2 hrs, 24±3 hrs, 48±4 hrs postdose. Day 1 rFIXFc Dosing: predose; 30±5 min, 3 hrs ±30 min, 10±2 hrs, 24±3 hrs, 72±7 hrs, 120±12 hrs, 168±16 hrs postdose. ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    t1/2: time required for the concentration of the drug to reach half of its original value in the body. Non-compartmental methods. The 95% confidence interval on the geometric mean is based on the t-statistic back-transformed from the log scale.

  • Clearance (CL; One-stage aPTT Clotting Assay) [ Time Frame: Baseline (28±7 days before Day 1) Prestudy FIX Dosing: predose; 30±5 min, 3 hrs±30 min, 10±2 hrs, 24±3 hrs, 48±4 hrs postdose. Day 1 rFIXFc Dosing: predose; 30±5 min, 3 hrs ±30 min, 10±2 hrs, 24±3 hrs, 72±7 hrs, 120±12 hrs, 168±16 hrs postdose. ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    CL: the measure of the efficiency of the body to remove the drug and the unit is the volume of the plasma or blood cleared of drug per unit time. Non-compartmental methods. The 95% confidence interval on the geometric mean is based on the t-statistic back-transformed from the log scale.

  • Volume of Distribution at Steady State (Vss; One-stage aPTT Clotting Assay) [ Time Frame: Baseline (28±7 days before Day 1) Prestudy FIX Dosing: predose; 30±5 min, 3 hrs±30 min, 10±2 hrs, 24±3 hrs, 48±4 hrs postdose. Day 1 rFIXFc Dosing: predose; 30±5 min, 3 hrs ±30 min, 10±2 hrs, 24±3 hrs, 72±7 hrs, 120±12 hrs, 168±16 hrs postdose. ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Vss: volume of distribution at steady state. Non-compartmental methods. The 95% confidence interval on the geometric mean is based on the t-statistic back-transformed from the log scale.

  • Dose Normalized Area Under the Curve (DNAUC; One-stage aPTT Clotting Assay) [ Time Frame: Baseline (28±7 days before Day 1) Prestudy FIX Dosing: predose; 30±5 min, 3 hrs±30 min, 10±2 hrs, 24±3 hrs, 48±4 hrs postdose. Day 1 rFIXFc Dosing: predose; 30±5 min, 3 hrs ±30 min, 10±2 hrs, 24±3 hrs, 72±7 hrs, 120±12 hrs, 168±16 hrs postdose. ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    DNAUC: dose normalized area under the drug concentration-time curve (extent of unmetabolized drug in circulation). Non-compartmental methods. The 95% confidence interval on the geometric mean is based on the t-statistic back-transformed from the log scale.

  • Mean Residence Time (MRT; One-stage aPTT Clotting Assay) [ Time Frame: Baseline (28±7 days before Day 1) Prestudy FIX Dosing: predose; 30±5 min, 3 hrs±30 min, 10±2 hrs, 24±3 hrs, 48±4 hrs postdose. Day 1 rFIXFc Dosing: predose; 30±5 min, 3 hrs ±30 min, 10±2 hrs, 24±3 hrs, 72±7 hrs, 120±12 hrs, 168±16 hrs postdose. ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    MRT: the average time for all the drug molecules to reside in the body. Non-compartmental methods. The 95% confidence interval on the geometric mean is based on the t-statistic back-transformed from the log scale.

  • Incremental Recovery (IR; One-stage aPTT Clotting Assay) [ Time Frame: Baseline (28±7 days before Day 1) Prestudy FIX Dosing: predose; 30±5 min, 3 hrs±30 min, 10±2 hrs, 24±3 hrs, 48±4 hrs postdose. Day 1 rFIXFc Dosing: predose; 30±5 min, 3 hrs ±30 min, 10±2 hrs, 24±3 hrs, 72±7 hrs, 120±12 hrs, 168±16 hrs postdose. ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    IR for FIX activity following rFIXFc dosing: IU/dL rise in plasma FIX per IU/kg drug administered. Non-compartmental methods. The 95% confidence interval on the geometric mean is based on the t-statistic back-transformed from the log scale.


Enrollment: 30
Study Start Date: June 2012
Study Completion Date: November 2014
Primary Completion Date: November 2014 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: rFIXFc Prophylaxis

At Baseline and at Day 1, participants receive a single intravenous (IV) injection of prestudy FIX and rFIXFc, respectively, over 10 (±5) minutes at a dose of 50 IU/kg. Immediately after the last PK sampling, the first prophylactic dose of approximately 50 to 60 IU/kg will be administered in clinic as an IV injection.

Dose could be increased or decreased in increments of 10 IU/kg; increases to a maximum of 100 IU/kg and frequency of administration to a maximum of twice weekly, were allowed as indicated.

Drug: rFIXFc
Vials of rFIXFc were combined as needed, based on the actual labeled potency to achieve the participant's calculated dose. Partial vial use was allowed, in order to achieve the calculated dose.
Other Names:
  • BIIB029
  • recombinant coagulation factor IX Fc fusion protein
  • Alprolix®
Drug: FIX
Vials of prestudy FIX (provided by the participants) were combined as needed, based on the nominal labeled potency (e.g., 250 IU, 500 IU, and 1000 IU), to achieve the participant's calculated dose.
Other Name: Factor IX

Detailed Description:

At the Baseline visit (28 ± 7 days prior to Day 1), participants receive a single IV injection of prestudy FIX over 10 (±5) minutes in the clinic under medical supervision at a dose of 50 IU/kg. A washout period with no FIX treatment is required prior to administration of prestudy FIX and prior to rFIXFc. A PK assessment is done with prestudy FIX and also done with rFIXFc on Day 1. After completing the PK assessments, participants begin weekly prophylactic treatment with rFIXFc for approximately 50 weeks, to obtain 50 EDs. One ED is defined as a 24-hour period in which a participant received 1 or more doses of rFIXFc, with the time of the first injection of rFIXFc defined as the start of the ED.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   up to 11 Years
Genders Eligible for Study:   Male
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Key Inclusion Criteria:

  • Severe hemophilia B defined as ≤ 2 IU/dl (≤ 2%) endogenous FIX
  • Male < 12 years and weight ≥ 13 kg
  • History of at least 50 documented prior exposure days to FIX
  • No history of, or currently detectable, inhibitor

Key Exclusion Criteria:

  • Other coagulation disorders in addition to Hemophilia B
  • History of anaphylaxis associated with any FIX or IV immunoglobulin administration

NOTE: Other protocol defined Inclusion/ Exclusion criteria may apply.

  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT01440946

Locations
United States, Arizona
Research Site
Phoenix, Arizona, United States
United States, California
Research Site
Sacramento, California, United States
United States, Georgia
Research Site
Atlanta, Georgia, United States
United States, Hawaii
Research Site
Honolulu, Hawaii, United States
United States, Indiana
Research Site
Indianapolis, Indiana, United States
United States, Michigan
Research Site
East Lansing, Michigan, United States
United States, Pennsylvania
Research Site
Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, United States
Australia, Victoria
Research Site
Parkville, Victoria, Australia
Australia, Western Australia
Research Site
Subiaco, Western Australia, Australia
Ireland
Research Site
Dublin, Ireland
Netherlands
Research Site
Utrecht, Netherlands
South Africa
Research Site
Johannesburg, South Africa
United Kingdom
Research Site
Basingstoke, United Kingdom
Research Site
Cambridge, United Kingdom
Research Site
London, United Kingdom
Sponsors and Collaborators
Biogen
Swedish Orphan Biovitrum
Investigators
Study Director: Medical Director Biogen
  More Information

No publications provided

Responsible Party: Biogen
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01440946     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 9HB02PED, 2011-003076-36
Study First Received: September 16, 2011
Results First Received: June 1, 2015
Last Updated: June 1, 2015
Health Authority: United States: Food and Drug Administration

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Hemophilia B
Blood Coagulation Disorders
Blood Coagulation Disorders, Inherited
Coagulation Protein Disorders
Genetic Diseases, Inborn
Genetic Diseases, X-Linked
Hematologic Diseases
Hemorrhagic Disorders

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on July 28, 2015