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A Randomised Placebo Controlled Study of OXN PR for Severe Parkinson's Disease Associated Pain

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT01439100
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : September 22, 2011
Last Update Posted : February 6, 2014
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Mundipharma Research GmbH & Co KG

Brief Summary:
To demonstrate superiority of OXN PR compared to placebo with respect to analgesic efficacy in subjects with chronic severe pain associated with Parkinson's disease (PD), as assessed by averaged 24 hour pain scores collected for 7 days prior to the clinic visits

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Parkinson's Disease With Severe Pain Drug: Oxycodone/Naloxone Prolonged Release tablets Drug: Placebo Phase 3

Detailed Description:

Pain management in PD is a recognised unmet need. Estimates of incidence vary in the literature from 29% to 83%. The types and sources of pain experienced by PD patients vary and include: musculoskeletal pain, PD related chronic pain, fluctuation-related pain, nocturnal pain, coat-hanger pain, oro-facial pain and peripheral limb or abdominal pain (also including drug-induced pain). Whilst modifications to dosing of dopaminergic therapy represents the most common method of controlling some of these pain symptoms, this must be balanced against the worsening of side effects of increased doses of this treatment type.

Oxycodone hydrochloride and naloxone hydrochloride dihydrate combined oral prolonged release tablets (OXN PR), is the investigational product to be used in this study. OXN PR is a prolonged release tablet consisting of oxycodone and naloxone in a 2:1 ratio. Due to the local competitive antagonism of the opioid receptor-mediated oxycodone effect by naloxone in the gut, naloxone reduces opioid-associated bowel dysfunction.

The purpose of this study is to investigate whether effective pain control for the treatment of PD associated pain may be achieved with OXN PR. The secondary considerations for this study are to examine whether OXN PR may offer any additional benefits to the patients Quality of Life or symptoms of PD. If effective pain relief can be achieved with an analgesic without the side effects described in above, this could reduce the need to increase the dose of dopaminergic medications to manage pain, and therefore reduce the negative side effects of dopaminergic therapy described above. Given the prevalence of constipation in this patient population the bowel sparing effects of the OXN PR combination treatment may provide an ethical rationale for its use over that of other opioids.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 172 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Double
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Study Start Date : October 2011
Actual Primary Completion Date : August 2013
Actual Study Completion Date : October 2013

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

Arm Intervention/treatment
Active Comparator: OXN PR
Oxycodone/Naloxone Prolonged Release tablets
Drug: Oxycodone/Naloxone Prolonged Release tablets
Placebo Comparator: Dummy tablet
Drug: Placebo
Dummy tablet

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   25 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria

  1. Males and females, age of 25 years or over
  2. Able to provide written informed consent
  3. Primary diagnosis of Parkinson's disease Stage II-IV)
  4. Graded as having severe pain
  5. An average pain score of 6 or above on an 11 point NRS, over the previous 7 days
  6. Female subjects willing to use an adequate and highly effective method of contraception throughout the study.
  7. Subjects likely to benefit from WHO step III opioid therapy for the duration of the study
  8. Subjects must not have received opioid containing medication in the last 6 months on a regular basis
  9. Receiving stable treatment for Parkinson's disease for at least 4 weeks prior to randomisation
  10. Subject does not have visual or auditory impairments that would reduce their ability to complete study questionnaires or be unable to receive instructions for these
  11. Concomitant medication (including co-analgesic) use anticipated to remain stable throughout the Double-Blind Phase of the study
  12. Subjects willing and able to participate in all aspects of the study and comply with the use of study medication.

Open-Label Extension Inclusion Criteria

The aim of the Open-Label Phase is to ensure a safe transfer of all subjects to a subsequent pain treatment after the study. Subjects must:

  1. Still meet general inclusion criteria for Double-Blind Phase; subjects do not have to meet inclusion 5, 6, 9 & 12
  2. Have completed the Double-Blind Phase or discontinued early but have had at least 8 weeks treatment with study medication.

Exclusion Criteria

Subjects who are to be excluded from the study are those who meet any of the following criteria:

Medical Conditions

  1. Cognitive impairment as assessed with the MMSE scoring 24 or less
  2. History of psychosis (hallucinations, delusions, etc.)
  3. History of drug or alcohol abuse or current compulsive addictive use of drugs or alcohol
  4. Parkinsonian-like disease secondary to drug therapy side-effects e.g. due to exposure to medications that deplete dopamine (reserpine, tetrabenazine) or block dopamine receptors (neuroleptics, antiemetics)
  5. Parkinson-plus syndromes e.g. progressive supranuclear palsy (PSP) and the multiple system atrophies (MSA)
  6. Females who are pregnant (positive β-hCG test) or lactating
  7. Any other contraindications to use of the opioid study medication(s) as per the SmPC/IB:

    • Hypersensitivity to the active substances or to any of the excipients
    • Any situation where opioids are contraindicated
    • Severe respiratory depression with hypoxia and/or hypercapnia
    • Severe chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
    • Cor pulmonal
    • Severe bronchial asthma
    • Non-opioid induced paralytic ileus
    • Moderate to severe hepatic impairment (see exclusion criterion 16)
  8. Any other contraindications to use of the study Double-Blind Phase rescue medication as per the SmPC:

    • known hypersensitivity to levodopa or benserazide
    • contra-indicated in narrow-angle glaucoma (it may be used in wide-angle glaucoma provided that the intra-ocular pressure remains under control); severe psychoneuroses or psychoses; severe endocrine, renal, hepatic or cardiac disorders
    • should not be given in conjunction with, or within 2 weeks of withdrawal of, monoamine oxidase (MAO) inhibitors, except selective MAO-B inhibitors (e.g. selegiline) or selective MAO-A inhibitors (e.g. moclobemide) unless selective MAO inhibitors are given in combination in which case it is contraindicated
    • not be used in persons who have a history of, or who may be suffering from, a malignant melanoma
  9. Subjects with any of the following as determined by medical history, clinical laboratory tests, ECG results, and physical examination, that would place the subject at risk upon exposure to the study medication:

    • myxoedema
    • untreated hypothyroidism
    • Addison`s disease
    • increase of intracranial pressure
    • uncontrolled seizures or convulsive disorder
    • evidence of clinically significant cardiovascular, renal, hepatic, gastrointestinal (e.g. paralytic ileus), or psychiatric disease (subjects with controlled co-morbidities may be included following agreement with the Medical Monitor) Contraindicated Treatments
  10. Treatment with Deep Brain Stimulation
  11. Subjects receiving hypnotics or other central nervous system (CNS) depressants that, in the Investigator's opinion, may pose a risk of additional CNS depression with opioids study medication
  12. Subjects presently taking, or who have taken, naloxone or naltrexone less than or equal to 30 days prior to the Screening Visit
  13. Subjects who have received an investigational medicinal product within 30 days of study entry (defined as the start of the Screening Phase)
  14. Any current use of an opioid other than the study medication provided
  15. Subjects with a positive urine drug test at Screening Visit 1, which indicates unreported illicit drug use or unreported use of a concomitant medication not required to treat the Subjects' medical condition(s) Laboratory Exclusions
  16. Abnormal parameters as defined:

    • aspartate aminotransferase (AST; SGOT) > 3 times the upper limit of normal
    • alanine aminotransferase (ALT; SGPT) > 3 times the upper limit of normal
    • alkaline phosphatase levels > 3 times the upper limit of normal
    • gamma glutamyl transpeptidase (GGT or GGTP) > 3 times the upper limit of normal
    • Abnormal total bilirubin and/or creatinine level(s) > 1.5 times the upper limit of normal. Subjects whose total bilirubin levels or creatinine levels are below the lower limit of normal can participate in the study if they meet the criteria below:

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT01439100

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Czech Republic
Fakultní nemocnice u sv. Anny v Brně Neurologická klinika
Brno, Czech Republic
Poliklinika Choceň Neuroligická ambulance
Chocen, Czech Republic
Fakultní nemocnice Plzeň Neurologická klinika
Plzeň-Lochotín, Czech Republic
Neurologická ambulance
Policka, Czech Republic
CTC Rychnov nad Kněžnou s.r.o.
Rychnov nad Kněžnou, Czech Republic
Neurologie Berlin
Berlin-Steglitz, Germany
Ruhr Universität Bochum St. Josef-Hospital
Bochum, Germany
Universitätsmedizin Göttingen Georg-August-Universität
Göttingen, Germany
Zentrum für Altersmedizin
Haag i. OB, Germany
Kassel, Germany
Uniklinik Leipzig
Leipzig, Germany
Marburg, Germany
Asklepios Fachklinikum Abteilung für Neurologie
Stadtroda, Germany
Uniklinik Ulm
Ulm, Germany
Szent János Kórháza és Észak-budai Egyesített Kórházaik
Budapest, Hungary
Kenézy Kórház-Rendelőintézet Egészségügyi Szolgáltató Kft.
Debrecen, Hungary
Szent Pantaleon Kórház-Rendelőintézet Dunaújváros
Dunaújváros, Hungary
Vaszary Kolos Kórház Esztergom
Esztergom, Hungary
Petz Aladár Megyei Oktató Kórház
Győr, Hungary
Bács-Kiskun Megyei Kórháza
Kecskemét, Hungary
NZOZ Synapsa
Kielce, Poland
Krakowska Akademia Neurologii Sp. z o.o.
Krakow, Poland
Spitalul Clinic de Neuropsihiatrie
Craiova, Jud. Dolj, Romania
Hospital Clínic i Provincial de Barcelona
Barcelona, Spain
USP Institut Universitari Dexeus
Barcelona, Spain
Hospital Universtario La Paz
Madrid, Spain
Hospital General de Catalunya
Sant Cugat, Barcelona, Spain
United Kingdom
Fairfield General Hospital Pennine Acute NHS Trust
Bury Great Manchester, United Kingdom
King's College Hospital NHS Foundation Trust
London, United Kingdom
Royal Preston Hospital
Preston, United Kingdom
City General Hospital, Pharmacy Dept, Newcastle Road
Stoke on Trent, United Kingdom
Sponsors and Collaborators
Mundipharma Research GmbH & Co KG

Publications automatically indexed to this study by Identifier (NCT Number):
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Responsible Party: Mundipharma Research GmbH & Co KG Identifier: NCT01439100     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: OXN2504
2011-002901-31 ( EudraCT Number )
First Posted: September 22, 2011    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: February 6, 2014
Last Verified: February 2014

Keywords provided by Mundipharma Research GmbH & Co KG:
Parkinson's disease
severe pain

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Parkinson Disease
Parkinsonian Disorders
Basal Ganglia Diseases
Brain Diseases
Central Nervous System Diseases
Nervous System Diseases
Movement Disorders
Neurodegenerative Diseases
Analgesics, Opioid
Central Nervous System Depressants
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Sensory System Agents
Peripheral Nervous System Agents
Narcotic Antagonists