SCH708980 With and Without AmBisome for Visceral Leishmaniasis
|ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01437020|
Recruitment Status : Withdrawn (Drug Product no longer available.)
First Posted : September 20, 2011
Last Update Posted : August 28, 2013
- Visceral leishmaniasis (VL) is an infection caused by parasites carried by sand flies. The parasites cause fever, weight loss, and enlargement of the spleen and liver. They can also affect the blood and immune system. One possible treatment for VL involves an experimental drug called SCH708980, which may help to prevent the immune system from becoming suppressed and worsening the VL. Researchers want to give the drug along with AmBisome(Registered Trademark), which kills the parasites, to see if it is a safe and effective treatment.
- To study the safety and effectiveness of SCH708980, alone and combined with AmBisome(Registered Trademark), as a treatment for visceral leishmaniasis.
- Individuals 18 to 60 years of who have been diagnosed with visceral leishmaniasis in the past 4 to 5 days, are HIV-negative, and are willing to stay in the hospital for 30 days.
- All participants will come from and be treated at the Kala-Azar Medical Research Center in Muzaffarpur, India.
- This is a two-part study. Participants will be assigned to only one part of the study.
- Participants will be screened with a medical history and physical exam; blood, urine, and stool samples, spleen or bone marrow samples; spleen measurements; a chest xray; and a heart function test.
- Part 1 participants will be separated into two groups: a larger group will have a selected dose of the study drug followed by AmBisome 7 days later, and a smaller group will have a placebo treatment followed by AmBisome.
- Part 2 participants will have either the study drug or a placebo plus AmBisome, based on the test results from the Part 1 participants.
- All participants will be monitored in the hospital for 30 days, and will have the following tests:
- Regular blood samples
- Urine and stool samples (day 14)
- Spleen measurements (days 8, 14, 21, and 30)
- Spleen or bone marrow sample (day 30 only). Participants who still have VL symptoms will give another sample on day 45.
- At 6 months after the start of treatment, participants will have a follow-up visit with spleen measurements, blood and stool samples, and possible spleen or bone marrow samples
|Condition or disease||Intervention/treatment||Phase|
|Leishmaniasis Effects of Immunotherapy||Drug: SCH708980 Anti-IL-10 monoclonal Drug: AmBisome||Phase 1 Phase 2|
Visceral leishmaniasis (VL) or kala-azar is the most severe form of leishmaniasis, which can be fatal if left untreated. The majority of VL cases are found in resource-poor regions, including India (Bihar), Bangladesh, Brazil, Nepal, and Sudan. VL pathogenesis has been linked to an overproduction of the anti-inflammatory cytokine, interleukin (IL)-10, which can promote parasite replication and disease progression. Experimental models have shown that IL-10 plays a key role in the pathogenesis of VL.
The current study has two parts. Part 1 will be an open-label, dose-escalating design to determine the safety and tolerability of SCH708980 used in combination with AmBisome(Registered Trademark). Part 2 will be a randomized, single-blind, placebo-controlled, parallel design. A total of 50 subjects (n=10 subjects/group) will be enrolled in part 1 of the study. A group of 10 subjects will be observed for 7 days prior to receiving AmBisome(Registered Trademark) (10 mg/kg) on the 8th day, as part of the control group. Subsequently, 40 subjects (10 subjects/group) will receive a single intravenous (IV) infusion of SCH708980 (0.3 mg/kg, 1.0 mg/kg, 3.0 mg/kg, or 10 mg/kg) followed by a single IV infusion of AmBisome(Registered Trademark) (10 mg/kg) 7 days later. The first 2 subjects from each dose group to receive SCH708980 will be followed for 3 days after the drug is administered before treatment is initiated in the remaining 8 subjects in that group. Also, all individuals in each group will be followed for 7 days after AmBisome(Registered Trademark) is administered before the next higher dose-level group is enrolled in the study. Dose escalation will continue to the next dose level unless dose-limiting toxicities occur in > 20% of subjects in any cohort.
The dose level of SCH708980 to use in part 2 of the study will be decided 30 days after the start of AmBisome(Registered Trademark) treatment in the group receiving the highest dose in part 1. Randomization and accrual for part 2 of the study will begin at this time. The highest safe dose of SCH709890 (< 20% of subjects with dose-limiting toxicity) will be administered to subjects, not to exceed 10 mg/kg. Thirty subjects (n=10 subjects/group) will be randomized to 1:1:1 to receive:
- A single IV infusion of SCH708980 (less than or equal to 10.0 mg/kg) on day 1 followed by a single IV infusion of AmBisome(Registered Trademark) (3.75 mg/kg) on day 8.
- A single IV infusion of SCH708980 (less than or equal to 10.0 mg/kg) on day 1 followed by a single IV infusion of AmBisome(Registered Trademark) (5 mg/kg) on day 8.
- A single dose of placebo on day 1 followed by a single IV infusion of AmBisome(Registered Trademark) (10 mg/kg) on day 8.
SCH709890 and placebo will be administered over 60 minutes, while AmBisome(Registered Trademark) will be administered over 120 minutes.
|Study Type :||Interventional (Clinical Trial)|
|Actual Enrollment :||0 participants|
|Intervention Model:||Parallel Assignment|
|Masking:||None (Open Label)|
|Official Title:||A Phase I/II Clinical Trial To Assess the Safety and Biologic Activity of the Anti-IL-10 Monoclonal Antibody, SCH708980, in Combination With AmBisome(Registered Trademark), Versus That of Placebo in Combination With Ambisome(Registered Trademark), in Subjects With Visceral Leishmaniasis (VL)|
|Experimental: Dose escalating-IV infusion of SCH708980 and Ambisome||
Drug: SCH708980 Anti-IL-10 monoclonal
Participants in Part 1 of the study will receive varying doses (0.3 mg/kg, 1.0 mg/kg, 3.0 mg/kg, or 10.0 mg/kg) of a single IV infusion of SCH708980. Participants in Part 2 of the study will receive a single IV infusion of SCH708980 on Day 1.Drug: AmBisome
Participants in Part 1 of the study will receive a single IV infusion of AmBisome (10 mg/kg) 7 days after they receive SCH708980. Participants in Part 2 of the study will receive varying doses (3.75 mg/kg, 5 mg/kg, or 10 mg/kg) of a single IV infusion of AmBisome on Day 8.
- Evaluate the safety and tolerability of a single IV infusion of SCH708980 (0.3 mg/kg, 1.0 mg/kg, 3 mg/kg, or 10 mg/kg) over the initial 7 days and in combination with a single IV infusion of AmBisome® (10 mg/kg) on the 8th day in part 1 of the study [ Time Frame: Measured through Day 8 ]
- The anti-IL-10 parasitic effect, as measured by real-time polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) [ Time Frame: Measured 6 months after the start of treatment ]
- Serum concentrations of SCH708980 [ Time Frame: Measured 6 months after the start of treatment ]
- Clinical response [ Time Frame: Measured 6 months after the start of treatment ]
- Outcomes at 6 months post-treatment [ Time Frame: Measured 6 months after the start of treatment ]
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT01437020
|Kala-Azar Medical Research Center (KAMRC), Rambag Road|
|Banaras Hindu University|
|Principal Investigator:||Shyam Sundar, MD||Institute of Medical Sciences, Banaras Hindu Universtiy, Varanasi, India|
|Principal Investigator:||David Sacks, PhD||Laboratory of Parasitic Diseases, NIAID, NIH|