Identification of Carotid Vasa Vasorum and Correlation With Acute Coronary Events
Adventitial vasa vasorum (VV) as well as intraplaque microvessels are known to be associated with atherosclerotic plaque vulnerability. Contrast-enhanced ultrasound has been validated as a technique to measure the density of VV. Previous studies have demonstrated a relationship between identification of VV and relationship to vascular events such as stroke and myocardial infarction. No previous study has reported the utilization of contrast-enhanced ultrasound identification of VV in the carotid bed as a means of identifying patients at high risk for acute coronary events.
Aims: In this study, the investigators will aim to identify VV and intraplaque microvessels along with carotid intima media thickness (CIMT), a known marker for acute coronary events. The investigators will attempt to measure the correlation of VV with acute coronary events independent of traditional cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors and CIMT.
Methods: 90 volunteers (30 low risk patients, 30 patients with established coronary artery disease (CAD), and 30 patients with recent acute coronary syndrome (ACS)) will be enrolled. All patients will undergo contrast-enhanced ultrasound imaging of their carotid arteries and measurement of CIMT while obtaining baseline histories and assessment of traditional risk factors for coronary artery disease. VV density and CIMT will be measured in all patients. Statistical differences in VV among the three groups will be assessed and analyses will be made to attempt to identify if VV in the carotid bed is an independent predictor of acute coronary events after controlling for CIMT and traditional risk factors.
Study population: The study population will reflect the patient population of UPMC. No individual will be excluded on the basis of race, gender, or ethnicity.
|Coronary Artery Disease|
|Study Design:||Observational Model: Case-Control
Time Perspective: Cross-Sectional
|Official Title:||Identification of Carotid Vasa Vasorum and Correlation With Acute Coronary Events|
- Carotid Artery Adventitial Vaso Vasorum Density [ Time Frame: Measured within 1 week of enrollment. ]Assessed with ultrasound contrast agent, Definity, from Lantheus Medical Imaging.
|Study Start Date:||May 2009|
|Study Completion Date:||May 2012|
|Primary Completion Date:||May 2012 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
Recent Acute Coronary Event
Patients admitted to the hospital for recent STEMI or NSTEMI.
Stable Coronary Artery Disease
Patients with known Coronary Artery Disease without recent acute coronary event.
No Coronary Artery Disease
Patients with no evidence of coronary artery disease, assessed by coronary angiography.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT01436773
|United States, Pennsylvania|
|University of Pittsburgh Medical Center|
|Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, United States, 15213|
|Principal Investigator:||Flordeliza Villanueva, MD||University of Pittsburgh|