Effect of Preoperative Buccal Misoprostol on Blood Loss in Second-trimester Dilation and Evacuation Abortion (PreopMiso)

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT01436266
Recruitment Status : Terminated (Slow enrollment)
First Posted : September 19, 2011
Results First Posted : May 30, 2017
Last Update Posted : May 30, 2017
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Boston University

Brief Summary:
Misoprostol is a medication used extensively in obstetrics and gynecology for its ability to aid in softening the cervix as well as decreasing blood loss after abortion or vaginal delivery. Opinions vary as to its usefulness in aiding in cervical dilation, and in decreasing blood loss. The investigators propose to conduct a randomized, placebo-controlled trial to evaluate whether misoprostol given buccally 2 hours prior to second trimester surgical abortion decreases blood loss from the procedure. The investigators will also assess whether misoprostol improves cervical dilation, changes the length of the procedure, changes the need for additional mechanical dilation, changes the subjective ease of the procedure, and changes a woman's pain.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Abortion Blood Loss Drug: Misoprostol Other: Folic acid Phase 3

Detailed Description:

This project is a placebo-controlled, double-blinded randomized controlled trial comparing the effect of misoprostol 400mcg buccally to placebo on blood loss in second trimester surgical abortion between 16-21 weeks gestation. The probability of group assignment is 50% with half of the women randomized to misoprostol and half to placebo (folic acid 1 mg).

Folic acid was chosen at the placebo as it looks similar to misoprostol, and when it is held in the cheek it has very little taste, similar to misoprostol. A compounded placebo that was tasteless had a very different appearance and was not suitable as a control.

Consent will be obtained after consent for the abortion has been completed and counseling and explanation of the abortion has been completed. Consent may be obtained before the abortion procedures have begun of the day prior to abortion (osmotic dilator placement and induction of fetal demise if appropriate), or after these procedures have been completed. No study procedures take place on the day prior to abortion.

On the day of the abortion, 1 hour prior to the procedure, the following study procedures will be conducted. Women will be given the study medication, which consists of two tablets of either misoprostol 200 mcg (400 mcg total) or placebo (folic acid 2 mg). The medication will be dispensed from opaque sequentially numbered vials so that double-blinding is maintained. The subject will be asked questions about symptoms prior to administration of the study medication. She will then hold the medication buccally (in her cheek) for 20 minutes and then swallow any remaining tablet. Immediately prior to the abortion, the subject will be asked about her symptoms again.

The abortion will commence 1 hour after administration of the study medication. The following study procedure will be done at the start of the abortion. The amount of cervical dilation will be measured by cervical dilators, starting with the largest dilator and progressively using smaller dilators until the largest one that will pass is determined. This generally takes less than 30 seconds.

The abortion will then be done with a combination of suction and extraction, which is part of standard clinical care at BMC. The following research procedures will be conducted: the length of the procedure will be recorded, and the woman will be asked afterward about her pain level during the abortion. This concludes the study procedures for the woman. Her time in the study is one day.

After the abortion, the fetus and placenta will be removed from the collected specimen and weighed and sent to pathology as per usual clinical procedure. The following study procedure will be done. The collected fluid from the suction machine, consisting of blood and amniotic fluid, will be measured. If the drapes or towels have been soiled with blood or fluid, they will be weighed and the amount added to the total measured from the suction machine. The amount of blood will be calculated by comparison with the expected amount of amniotic fluid as published by Hern (attached in Section S). Note that the amount of fetal blood is very small, less than 20 ml at the highest gestational age in this study, and will not appreciably change the total. If all of the blood and fluid has been collected into the suction jar (and none of the towels are soiled), then 5 ml of the mixed fluid will be sent for a hemoglobin level, and the percentage of blood calculated from that, as pure amniotic fluid will have a hemoglobin level of zero. This results will be used for confirmation when available, but will not be used as the primary outcome. Measurements on the fluid will be completed on the day of abortion. The fluid is normally discarded and will be discarded after measures are complete.

Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 3 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Quadruple (Participant, Care Provider, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Prevention
Official Title: Effect of Preoperative Buccal Misoprostol on Blood Loss in Second-trimester
Actual Study Start Date : July 2011
Primary Completion Date : August 2012
Study Completion Date : August 2012

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

U.S. FDA Resources

Arm Intervention/treatment
Active Comparator: Misoprostol
400 mcg buccally 2 hours prior to procedure
Drug: Misoprostol
400 mcg buccally 2 hours prior to procedure
Other Name: Cytotec
Placebo Comparator: Placebo (Folic acid)
Two 1-mg tablets buccally 2 hours prior to procedure
Other: Folic acid
2mg buccally 2 hours prior to procedure
Other Name: Vitamin B9

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Blood Loss [ Time Frame: one day following the procedure ]
    500 cc or more

Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 50 Years   (Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   Female
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • English or Spanish speaking
  • Gestational age between 16 weeks 6 days and 20 weeks 6 days gestation by ultrasound dating on the day of enrollment
  • Ultrasound used for dating purposes must be within the last two weeks.
  • Women 18-50 years of age undergoing surgical termination of pregnancy

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Spontaneous fetal demise
  • Ruptured membranes or intrauterine infection
  • Fibroids that significantly distort the uterine shape
  • Uterine abnormality such as unicornuate uterus
  • Prior transmural myomectomy
  • Severe oligohydramnios
  • Morbid obesity with BMI>45
  • Inability to place osmotic dilators

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT01436266

United States, Massachusetts
Boston Medical Center
Boston, Massachusetts, United States, 02118
Sponsors and Collaborators
Boston University
Principal Investigator: Sarita Sonalkar, MD Boston Medical Center

Responsible Party: Boston University Identifier: NCT01436266     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: H-30452
First Posted: September 19, 2011    Key Record Dates
Results First Posted: May 30, 2017
Last Update Posted: May 30, 2017
Last Verified: April 2017
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: No

Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: Yes
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Pathologic Processes
Folic Acid
Vitamin B Complex
Abortifacient Agents, Nonsteroidal
Abortifacient Agents
Reproductive Control Agents
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Anti-Ulcer Agents
Gastrointestinal Agents
Growth Substances