Effect of Preoperative Buccal Misoprostol on Blood Loss in Second-trimester Dilation and Evacuation Abortion (PreopMiso)
|Study Design:||Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Quadruple (Participant, Care Provider, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Prevention
|Official Title:||Effect of Preoperative Buccal Misoprostol on Blood Loss in Second-trimester|
- Blood Loss [ Time Frame: one day following the procedure ]500 cc or more
|Actual Study Start Date:||July 2011|
|Study Completion Date:||August 2012|
|Primary Completion Date:||August 2012 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
Active Comparator: Misoprostol
400 mcg buccally 2 hours prior to procedure
400 mcg buccally 2 hours prior to procedure
Other Name: Cytotec
Placebo Comparator: Placebo (Folic acid)
Two 1-mg tablets buccally 2 hours prior to procedure
Other: Folic acid
2mg buccally 2 hours prior to procedure
Other Name: Vitamin B9
This project is a placebo-controlled, double-blinded randomized controlled trial comparing the effect of misoprostol 400mcg buccally to placebo on blood loss in second trimester surgical abortion between 16-21 weeks gestation. The probability of group assignment is 50% with half of the women randomized to misoprostol and half to placebo (folic acid 1 mg).
Folic acid was chosen at the placebo as it looks similar to misoprostol, and when it is held in the cheek it has very little taste, similar to misoprostol. A compounded placebo that was tasteless had a very different appearance and was not suitable as a control.
Consent will be obtained after consent for the abortion has been completed and counseling and explanation of the abortion has been completed. Consent may be obtained before the abortion procedures have begun of the day prior to abortion (osmotic dilator placement and induction of fetal demise if appropriate), or after these procedures have been completed. No study procedures take place on the day prior to abortion.
On the day of the abortion, 1 hour prior to the procedure, the following study procedures will be conducted. Women will be given the study medication, which consists of two tablets of either misoprostol 200 mcg (400 mcg total) or placebo (folic acid 2 mg). The medication will be dispensed from opaque sequentially numbered vials so that double-blinding is maintained. The subject will be asked questions about symptoms prior to administration of the study medication. She will then hold the medication buccally (in her cheek) for 20 minutes and then swallow any remaining tablet. Immediately prior to the abortion, the subject will be asked about her symptoms again.
The abortion will commence 1 hour after administration of the study medication. The following study procedure will be done at the start of the abortion. The amount of cervical dilation will be measured by cervical dilators, starting with the largest dilator and progressively using smaller dilators until the largest one that will pass is determined. This generally takes less than 30 seconds.
The abortion will then be done with a combination of suction and extraction, which is part of standard clinical care at BMC. The following research procedures will be conducted: the length of the procedure will be recorded, and the woman will be asked afterward about her pain level during the abortion. This concludes the study procedures for the woman. Her time in the study is one day.
After the abortion, the fetus and placenta will be removed from the collected specimen and weighed and sent to pathology as per usual clinical procedure. The following study procedure will be done. The collected fluid from the suction machine, consisting of blood and amniotic fluid, will be measured. If the drapes or towels have been soiled with blood or fluid, they will be weighed and the amount added to the total measured from the suction machine. The amount of blood will be calculated by comparison with the expected amount of amniotic fluid as published by Hern (attached in Section S). Note that the amount of fetal blood is very small, less than 20 ml at the highest gestational age in this study, and will not appreciably change the total. If all of the blood and fluid has been collected into the suction jar (and none of the towels are soiled), then 5 ml of the mixed fluid will be sent for a hemoglobin level, and the percentage of blood calculated from that, as pure amniotic fluid will have a hemoglobin level of zero. This results will be used for confirmation when available, but will not be used as the primary outcome. Measurements on the fluid will be completed on the day of abortion. The fluid is normally discarded and will be discarded after measures are complete.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT01436266
|United States, Massachusetts|
|Boston Medical Center|
|Boston, Massachusetts, United States, 02118|
|Principal Investigator:||Sarita Sonalkar, MD||Boston Medical Center|