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Entinostat, Lapatinib Ditosylate and Trastuzumab in Treating Patients With Locally Recurrent or Distant Relapsed Metastatic Breast Cancer Previously Treated With Trastuzumab Only

This study is ongoing, but not recruiting participants.
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT01434303
First received: September 13, 2011
Last updated: July 11, 2017
Last verified: July 2017
  Purpose
This phase I trial studies the side effects and best dose of entinostat when given together with lapatinib ditosylate and trastuzumab in treating patients with breast cancer that has spread from the original (primary) tumor to distant organs or distant lymph nodes or has recurred (come back) at or near the same place as the original (primary) tumor, usually after a period of time during which the cancer could not be detected. Entinostat and lapatinib ditosylate may stop the growth of tumor cells by blocking some of the enzymes needed for cell growth. Monoclonal antibodies, such as trastuzumab, may interfere with the ability of tumor cells to grow and spread. Giving entinostat together with lapatinib ditosylate and trastuzumab may kill more tumor cells.

Condition Intervention Phase
HER2/Neu Positive Invasive Breast Carcinoma Recurrent Breast Carcinoma Stage IV Breast Cancer Drug: Entinostat Other: Laboratory Biomarker Analysis Drug: Lapatinib Ditosylate Biological: Trastuzumab Phase 1

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: No masking
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Phase I and Phase I Trastuzumab Cohort Study of Entinostat, Lapatinib and Trastuzumab in Patients With HER2-Positive Metastatic Breast Cancer in Whom Trastuzumab Has Failed

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by National Cancer Institute (NCI):

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • RP2D for entinostat in combination with lapatinib ditosylate defined as the highest dose level in which 6 patients have been treated with at most 1 patient experiencing dose limiting toxicity [ Time Frame: Up to 28 days ]

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Incidence of grade III or IV toxicities, graded according to Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events version 4 [ Time Frame: Up to 28 days ]

Other Outcome Measures:
  • Changes in CTCs levels before and after the combination treatment of entinostat, lapatinib ditosylate and trastuzumab [ Time Frame: Baseline up to 28 days after completion of study treatment ]
    Summary statistics (mean, standard deviation, median, quartiles) will be summarized for these changes in CTCs and biomarkers by patient tumor response status (yes vs. no). Changes will be compared between the two groups of patients (yes vs. no tumor response) using the two-sample t-test. If the data is skewed, Wilcoxon rank-sum test will be used.

  • Changes in phosphorylated Akt levels before and after the combination treatment of entinostat, lapatinib ditosylate and trastuzumab. [ Time Frame: Baseline up to 28 days after completion of study treatment ]
    Summary statistics (mean, standard deviation, median, quartiles) will be summarized for these changes in CTCs and biomarkers by patient tumor response status (yes vs. no). Changes will be compared between the two groups of patients (yes vs. no tumor response) using the two-sample t-test. If the data is skewed, Wilcoxon rank-sum test will be used.

  • Changes in phosphorylated EGFR levels before and after the combination treatment of entinostat, lapatinib ditosylate and trastuzumab [ Time Frame: Baseline up to 28 days after completion of study treatment ]
    Summary statistics (mean, standard deviation, median, quartiles) will be summarized for these changes biomarkers by patient tumor response status (yes vs. no). Changes will be compared between the two groups of patients (yes vs. no tumor response) using the two-sample t-test. If the data is skewed, Wilcoxon rank-sum test will be used.

  • Changes in phosphorylated HER2 levels before and after the combination treatment of entinostat, lapatinib ditosylate and trastuzumab [ Time Frame: Baseline up to 28 days after completion of study treatment ]
    Summary statistics (mean, standard deviation, median, quartiles) will be summarized for these changes biomarkers by patient tumor response status (yes vs. no). Changes will be compared between the two groups of patients (yes vs. no tumor response) using the two-sample t-test. If the data is skewed, Wilcoxon rank-sum test will be used.


Enrollment: 37
Actual Study Start Date: January 10, 2012
Primary Completion Date: March 1, 2012 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: Treatment (entinostat, lapatinib ditosylate and trastuzumab)
Patients receive entinostat PO on days 1 and 15 and lapatinib tosylate PO on days 1-28. Courses repeat every 28 days in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. Patients in the Phase I Trastuzumab Cohort also receive maintenance dose of trastuzumab IV over 30-90 minutes every 3 weeks.
Drug: Entinostat
Given PO
Other Names:
  • HDAC inhibitor SNDX-275
  • MS 27-275
  • MS-275
  • SNDX-275
Other: Laboratory Biomarker Analysis
Correlative studies
Drug: Lapatinib Ditosylate
Given PO
Other Name: Tykerb
Biological: Trastuzumab
Given IV
Other Names:
  • ABP 980
  • Anti-c-ERB-2
  • Anti-c-erbB2 Monoclonal Antibody
  • Anti-ERB-2
  • Anti-erbB-2
  • Anti-erbB2 Monoclonal Antibody
  • Anti-HER2/c-erbB2 Monoclonal Antibody
  • Anti-p185-HER2
  • c-erb-2 Monoclonal Antibody
  • HER2 Monoclonal Antibody
  • Herceptin
  • Herceptin Biosimilar PF-05280014
  • Herceptin Trastuzumab Biosimilar PF-05280014
  • MoAb HER2
  • Monoclonal Antibody c-erb-2
  • Monoclonal Antibody HER2
  • PF-05280014
  • rhuMAb HER2
  • RO0452317
  • Trastuzumab Biosimilar ABP 980
  • Trastuzumab Biosimilar PF-05280014

Detailed Description:

PRIMARY OBJECTIVES:

I. To determine the recommended phase II dose (RP2D) for entinostat in combination with lapatinib (lapatinib ditosylate) in patients whom trastuzumab has failed for human epidermal growth factor receptor 2+ (HER2+) metastatic breast cancer (Phase I).

II. To determine the maximum tolerated dose (MTD) for entinostat in combination with lapatinib and trastuzumab in patients whom trastuzumab has failed for HER2+ metastatic breast cancer (Phase I Trastuzumab Cohort).

SECONDARY OBJECTIVES:

I. To determine the toxicity of combination therapy with entinostat and lapatinib in patients whom trastuzumab has failed for HER2+ metastatic breast cancer (Phase I).

II. To determine the toxicity of entinostat in combination with lapatinib and trastuzumab in patients whom trastuzumab has failed for HER2+ metastatic breast cancer (Phase I Trastuzumab Cohort).

EXPLORATORY OBJECTIVES:

I. Determine whether the 2-drug combination modulates the expression of HER2, phosphorylated HER2 (pHER), epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR), phosphorylated EGFR (pEGFR), v-akt murine thymoma viral oncogene homolog 1 (Akt), and phosphorylated Akt (pAkt) in breast tumors and/or circulating tumor cells (CTCs).

OUTLINE: This is a dose-escalation study of entinostat.

Patients receive entinostat orally (PO) on days 1 and 15 and lapatinib tosylate PO on days 1-28. Courses repeat every 28 days in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. Patients in the Phase I trastuzumab cohort also receive maintenance dose of trastuzumab intravenously (IV) over 30-90 minutes every 3 weeks.

After completion of study treatment, patients are followed up for 28 days or until toxicities are resolved.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Patients have histological confirmation of invasive breast carcinoma
  • Patients have locally recurrent or distant relapsed metastatic disease
  • Patients have positive HER2 expression by immunohistochemistry (IHC) (3+) or fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) testing (> 2.0 ratio)
  • Patients are able to swallow and retain oral medication (i.e., no uncontrolled vomiting, inability to swallow, or diagnosis of chronic malabsorption)
  • Patients have Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status 0-1
  • Patients must have received prior trastuzumab for > 2 month period before disease recurrence or recurrence or progression while on trastuzumab-based therapy
  • Patients have ability and willingness to sign written informed consent
  • Female patients of childbearing potential (a female not free from menses > 2 years or not surgically sterilized) must be willing to use an adequate barrier method of contraception to prevent pregnancy or agree to abstain from heterosexual activity throughout the study; male patients who are able to father children must use an adequate barrier method of contraception
  • Female patients of childbearing potential must have negative serum pregnancy test within 14 days of starting protocol therapy
  • Patients with brain metastasis have no signs of progressive disease 4 months after the completion of brain metastasis treatment (radiation therapy, surgery, etc.) do not require anticonvulsants or corticosteroids, and have been off such drugs for at least 7 days
  • Both men and women and members of all races and ethnic groups are eligible for this trial

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Patients are receiving concurrent anti-cancer therapy (chemotherapy, immunotherapy, biological therapy and hormonal therapy) while taking study medication
  • Serum bilirubin >= 1.5 x upper limit of normal (ULN)
  • Alanine aminotransferase (ALT) and aspartate aminotransferase (AST) >= 3 x ULN (with or without liver metastasis [mets])
  • Absolute neutrophil count (ANC) < 1.5
  • Hemoglobin =< 9
  • Platelet =< 140,000
  • Patients have an active infection and require intravenous (IV) or oral antibiotics
  • Cardiac arrhythmia requiring maintenance medication
  • History of gastrointestinal disorders (medical disorders or extensive surgery) which may interfere with the absorption of the study drug
  • Patients have a concurrent disease or condition that would make them inappropriate for study participation, or any serious medical disorder that would interfere with patients' safety
  • Serum creatinine > 2.0 mg/dL
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT01434303

Locations
United States, Texas
M D Anderson Cancer Center
Houston, Texas, United States, 77030
Sponsors and Collaborators
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Naoto Ueno M.D. Anderson Cancer Center
  More Information

Responsible Party: National Cancer Institute (NCI)
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01434303     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: NCI-2011-03222
NCI-2011-03222 ( Registry Identifier: CTRP (Clinical Trial Reporting Program) )
NCI 8871
2010-0842
CDR0000710891
2010-0842 ( Other Identifier: M D Anderson Cancer Center )
8871 ( Other Identifier: CTEP )
P30CA016672 ( U.S. NIH Grant/Contract )
U01CA062461 ( U.S. NIH Grant/Contract )
UM1CA186688 ( U.S. NIH Grant/Contract )
Study First Received: September 13, 2011
Last Updated: July 11, 2017

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Carcinoma
Breast Neoplasms
Neoplasms, Glandular and Epithelial
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Breast Diseases
Skin Diseases
Antibodies
Immunoglobulins
Antibodies, Monoclonal
Lapatinib
Entinostat
Trastuzumab
Immunologic Factors
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Antineoplastic Agents
Protein Kinase Inhibitors
Enzyme Inhibitors
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Histone Deacetylase Inhibitors

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on July 25, 2017