A Study for Absorption of Intranasal Epinephrine Compared to Conventional Intramuscular Epinephrine (Epinephrine)
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This study is a preliminary report of pharmacokinetic data of epinephrine administered via intranasal route (IN) comparing with intramuscular (IM) route in healthy adult volunteers.
Condition or disease
Patients are reluctant to use Epipen® on emergency basis, perhaps because of improperly training, hesitancy and fear of needle. Other route of administration of epinephrine (EPI) may be more benefit such as intranasal route.
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Ages Eligible for Study:
18 Years to 30 Years (Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:
Subjected who use current medication that interfere with result of plasma epinephrine level such as pseudoephedrine