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Trial record 7 of 189 for:    "Acute erythroblastic leukemia"

Cyclophosphamide for Prevention of Graft-Versus-Host Disease After Allogeneic Peripheral Blood Stem Cell Transplantation in Patients With Hematological Malignancies

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT01427881
First Posted: September 2, 2011
Last Update Posted: May 19, 2017
The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
Collaborator:
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Marco Mielcarek, Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center
  Purpose
This phase II trial studies how well cyclophosphamide works in preventing chronic graft-versus-host disease after allogeneic peripheral blood stem cell transplant in patients with hematological malignancies. Giving chemotherapy and total-body irradiation before transplantation helps stop the growth of cancer cells and prevents the patient's immune system from rejecting the donor's stem cells. Healthy stem cells from a donor that are infused into the patient help the patient's bone marrow make blood cells; red blood cells, white blood cells, and platelets. Sometimes, however, the transplanted donor cells can cause an immune response against the body's normal cells, which is called graft-versus-host disease (GVHD). Giving cyclophosphamide after transplant may prevent this from happening or may make chronic GVHD less severe.

Condition Intervention Phase
Accelerated Phase Chronic Myelogenous Leukemia Adult Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia in Remission Adult Acute Megakaryoblastic Leukemia (M7) Adult Acute Myeloid Leukemia in Remission Adult Erythroleukemia (M6a) Adult Nasal Type Extranodal NK/T-cell Lymphoma Adult Pure Erythroid Leukemia (M6b) Anaplastic Large Cell Lymphoma Angioimmunoblastic T-cell Lymphoma Blastic Phase Chronic Myelogenous Leukemia Childhood Acute Erythroleukemia (M6) Childhood Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia in Remission Childhood Acute Megakaryocytic Leukemia (M7) Childhood Acute Myeloid Leukemia in Remission Childhood Burkitt Lymphoma Childhood Chronic Myelogenous Leukemia Childhood Diffuse Large Cell Lymphoma Childhood Immunoblastic Large Cell Lymphoma Childhood Myelodysplastic Syndromes Childhood Nasal Type Extranodal NK/T-cell Lymphoma Chronic Myelomonocytic Leukemia Chronic Phase Chronic Myelogenous Leukemia Cutaneous B-cell Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma de Novo Myelodysplastic Syndromes Extranodal Marginal Zone B-cell Lymphoma of Mucosa-associated Lymphoid Tissue Hepatosplenic T-cell Lymphoma Intraocular Lymphoma Nodal Marginal Zone B-cell Lymphoma Noncutaneous Extranodal Lymphoma Peripheral T-cell Lymphoma Philadelphia Chromosome Negative Chronic Myelogenous Leukemia Post-transplant Lymphoproliferative Disorder Previously Treated Myelodysplastic Syndromes Recurrent Adult Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia Recurrent Adult Acute Myeloid Leukemia Recurrent Adult Burkitt Lymphoma Recurrent Adult Diffuse Large Cell Lymphoma Recurrent Adult Diffuse Mixed Cell Lymphoma Recurrent Adult Diffuse Small Cleaved Cell Lymphoma Recurrent Adult Grade III Lymphomatoid Granulomatosis Recurrent Adult Hodgkin Lymphoma Recurrent Adult Immunoblastic Large Cell Lymphoma Recurrent Adult Lymphoblastic Lymphoma Recurrent Adult T-cell Leukemia/Lymphoma Recurrent Childhood Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia Recurrent Childhood Acute Myeloid Leukemia Recurrent Childhood Anaplastic Large Cell Lymphoma Recurrent Childhood Grade III Lymphomatoid Granulomatosis Recurrent Childhood Large Cell Lymphoma Recurrent Childhood Lymphoblastic Lymphoma Recurrent Childhood Small Noncleaved Cell Lymphoma Recurrent Cutaneous T-cell Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma Recurrent Grade 1 Follicular Lymphoma Recurrent Grade 2 Follicular Lymphoma Recurrent Grade 3 Follicular Lymphoma Recurrent Mantle Cell Lymphoma Recurrent Marginal Zone Lymphoma Recurrent Mycosis Fungoides/Sezary Syndrome Recurrent Small Lymphocytic Lymphoma Recurrent/Refractory Childhood Hodgkin Lymphoma Relapsing Chronic Myelogenous Leukemia Secondary Acute Myeloid Leukemia Secondary Myelodysplastic Syndromes Small Intestine Lymphoma Splenic Marginal Zone Lymphoma Stage III Multiple Myeloma Testicular Lymphoma Waldenström Macroglobulinemia Drug: cyclophosphamide Drug: cyclosporine Procedure: peripheral blood stem cell transplantation Radiation: total-body irradiation Drug: fludarabine phosphate Drug: busulfan Procedure: allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation Phase 2

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase II Study to Evaluate the Efficacy of Posttransplant Cyclophosphamide for Prevention of Chronic Graft-versus-Host Disease After Allogeneic Peripheral Blood Stem Cell Transplantation

Resource links provided by NLM:

Genetic and Rare Diseases Information Center resources: Lymphosarcoma B-cell Lymphoma Multiple Myeloma Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia Leukemia, B-cell, Chronic Hodgkin Lymphoma Follicular Lymphoma Diffuse Large B-Cell Lymphoma Cutaneous T-cell Lymphoma Homologous Wasting Disease Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia Myeloid Leukemia Acute Myeloid Leukemia Acute Non Lymphoblastic Leukemia Myelodysplastic Syndromes Waldenstrom Macroglobulinemia Chronic Myeloid Leukemia Chronic Myelomonocytic Leukemia Lymphoblastic Lymphoma Childhood Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia Mantle Cell Lymphoma Marginal Zone Lymphoma Peripheral T-cell Lymphoma Burkitt Lymphoma Chronic Graft Versus Host Disease Mycosis Fungoides Angioimmunoblastic T-cell Lymphoma Angioimmunoblastic Lymphadenopathy With Dysproteinemia Leukemia, T-cell, Chronic Adult T-cell Leukemia/lymphoma Extranodal Nasal NK/T Cell Lymphoma Hodgkin Lymphoma, Childhood Lymphoma, Large-cell Anaplastic Large Cell Lymphoma Sezary Syndrome Lymphomatoid Granulomatosis Plasmablastic Lymphoma Lymphoma, Large-cell, Immunoblastic Acute Erythroid Leukemia Acute Megakaryoblastic Leukemia Di Guglielmo's Syndrome Chronic Myeloproliferative Disorders Myelodysplastic/myeloproliferative Disease
U.S. FDA Resources

Further study details as provided by Marco Mielcarek, Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Chronic GVHD Requiring Systemic Immunosuppressive Treatment [ Time Frame: At 1 year after transplantation ]
    Chronic GVHD will be defined by National Institutes of Health (NIH) criteria and requiring systemic treatment. A reduction in the cumulative incidence of GVHD from ~35% to ~15% at 1 year would represent a reasonable goal. A sample size of 42 patients provides 90% power to observe such a difference with one-side 5% type-1 error.


Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Donor Engraftment [ Time Frame: At day 28 ]
    Donor engraftment is defined as the count (percent) of patients with full donor chimerism. Full donor chimerism is defined as at least 95% donor CD3 cells in peripheral blood.

  • Grades II-IV and III-IV Acute GVHD [ Time Frame: Through day +100 post-transplant ]
    Grades II-IV and III-IV GVHD will be assessed with the use of cumulative incidence plots.

  • Duration of Systemic Immunosuppressive Treatment [ Time Frame: Up to 5 years ]
    The need for additional immunosuppressive treatment with agents other than those used for prophylaxis, the reasons for their administration (acute GVHD, chronic GVHD, or other reasons) and the duration of its administration will be determined. Patients will be monitored to determine the duration of systemic immunosuppressive treatment. Primary and secondary treatment of acute GVHD and withdrawal of systemic immunosuppressive treatment will be assessed with the use of cumulative incidence plots.

  • Persistent or Recurrent Malignancy After HCT [ Time Frame: At 2 years ]
    Recurrent or progressive malignancy will be assessed with the use of cumulative incidence plots. Recurrent malignancy will be defined by hematologic criteria. Recurrent malignancy will also be defined as any unplanned medical intervention designed to prevent progression of malignant disease in patients who have molecular, cytogenetic or flow-cytometric evidence of malignant cells after transplantation.

  • Non-relapse Mortality [ Time Frame: At 2 years ]
    Defined as death in the absence of recurrent or progressive malignancy after HCT. Non-relapse morality will be assessed with the use of cumulative incidence plots. This secondary endpoint will be characterized and presented as a cumulative incidence.

  • Overall Survival [ Time Frame: At 1 year post-transplant ]
    Overall survival will be evaluated as Kaplan-Meier estimates.

  • Disease-free Survival [ Time Frame: At 1 year post-transplant ]
    Disease-free survival will be evaluated as Kaplan-Meier estimates.

  • Hematologic Recovery [ Time Frame: Up to day +100 ]
    Descriptive statistics will be used to assess the median days of neutrophil and platelet recovery. The day of neutrophil recovery is defined as the first day of three consecutive lab values on different days, after the conditioning regimen-induced nadir of blood counts, that the absolute neutrophil count is > 500/uL. The day of platelet recovery is defined as the first day of three consecutive lab values on different days, after the conditioning regimen-induced nadir of blood counts, that the platelet count is >= 20,000/uL without platelet transfusion support in the seven days prior.

  • Graft Failure [ Time Frame: By greater than or equal to 28 days post-transplant ]
    Descriptive statistics will be used to assess the incidence of primary graft failure and secondary graft failure. Primary graft failure is defined as failure to achieve a sustained neutrophil count of >= 500/uL by >= 28 days post-transplant. Secondary graft failure is defined as the decline in neutrophil count to < 500/uL after achieving engraftment which is unrelated to infection or drug effect and is unresponsive to stimulation by growth factors.


Enrollment: 43
Study Start Date: September 2011
Study Completion Date: July 2015
Primary Completion Date: June 2014 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: Treatment (TBI, PBSCT, and cyclophosphamide GVHD prophylaxis)

PREPARATIVE REGIMEN: Patients receive TBI BID on days -4 or -3 to -1. Some patients also receive fludarabine IV daily on days -5 to -2 and busulfan IV over 3 hours QD or over 2 hours every 6 hours on days -5 to -2. Patients may also undergo CNS prophylaxis, testicular irradiation, and/or involved field irradiation as per standard practice.

TRANSPLANTATION: Patients undergo allogeneic PBSCT on day 0 per standard practice.

GVHD PROPHYLAXIS: Patients receive cyclophosphamide IV over 1-2 hours on days 3-4. Patients also receive cyclosporine IV every 12 hours or every 8 hours beginning on day 5 with taper on days 56-126.

Drug: cyclophosphamide
Given IV
Other Names:
  • CPM
  • CTX
  • Cytoxan
  • Endoxan
  • Endoxana
Drug: cyclosporine
Given IV
Other Names:
  • ciclosporin
  • cyclosporin
  • cyclosporin A
  • CYSP
  • Sandimmune
Procedure: peripheral blood stem cell transplantation
Undergo allogeneic PBSCT
Other Names:
  • PBPC transplantation
  • PBSC transplantation
  • peripheral blood progenitor cell transplantation
  • transplantation, peripheral blood stem cell
Radiation: total-body irradiation
Undergo TBI
Other Name: TBI
Drug: fludarabine phosphate
Given IV
Other Names:
  • 2-F-ara-AMP
  • Beneflur
  • Fludara
Drug: busulfan
Given IV
Other Names:
  • BSF
  • BU
  • Misulfan
  • Mitosan
  • Myeloleukon
Procedure: allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation
Undergo allogeneic PBSCT

Detailed Description:

PRIMARY OBJECTIVES:

I. The primary objective of this study is to assess outcomes when high-dose cyclophosphamide (CY) is administered on days 3 and 4 followed by cyclosporine (CSP) after human leukocyte antigen (HLA)-matched related or unrelated mobilized blood cell transplantation with total-body irradiation (TBI) or busulfan (BU)-based conditioning.

SECONDARY OBJECTIVES:

I. The secondary objective of this study is to assess hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT) outcomes when withdrawal of CSP is accelerated in patients without acute graft-versus-host disease (GVHD).

OUTLINE: Patients' conditioning regimens are determined by the Clinical Coordinator after consultation with the attending physician. Based on disease, patients receive either TBI or fludarabine and busulfan.

PREPARATIVE REGIMEN: Patients receive TBI twice daily (BID) on days -4 or -3 to -1. Some patients also receive fludarabine intravenously (IV) daily on days -5 to -2 and busulfan IV over 3 hours once daily (QD) or over 2 hours every 6 hours on days -5 to -2. Patients may also undergo central nervous system (CNS) prophylaxis, testicular irradiation, and/or involved field irradiation as per standard practice.

TRANSPLANTATION: Patients undergo allogeneic peripheral blood stem cell transplantation (PBSCT) on day 0 per standard practice.

GVHD PROPHYLAXIS: Patients receive cyclophosphamide IV over 1-2 hours on days 3-4. Patients also receive cyclosporine IV every 12 hours or every 8 hours beginning on day 5 with taper on days 56-126.

Treatment continues in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

After completion of study treatment, patients are followed up at day 180 and then annually for 5 years.

  Eligibility

Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.


Ages Eligible for Study:   up to 65 Years   (Child, Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Acute lymphocytic leukemia (ALL) in morphologic first complete remission (CR1) with high risk features defined as, but not limited to: evidence of adverse cytogenetics such as t(9;22), t(1;19), t(4;11), or mixed-lineage leukemia (MLL) rearrangements; presence of minimal residual disease; progenitor B-cell immunophenotype; high white blood cells (WBC) at diagnosis (> 30,000/ul in B-ALL; > 100,000/ul in T-ALL); or delayed attainment of CR (> 4 weeks) after induction therapy; additional clinical characteristics deemed to confer a high relapse risk may be discussed with and approved by the Principal Investigator (PI)
  • Acute myeloid leukemia (AML) in CR1 EXCEPT patients with low-risk features defined as:

    • Inv 16 or t(8;21) in the absence of c-kit mutations
    • Normal karyotype who are FLT3-ITD-negative and NPM1-positive in the absence of c-kit mutations
    • Patients with respective "low-risk" features are eligible, however, if (i) more than 1 cycle of induction therapy was required to achieve CR1 (ii) the patient had a preceding myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) other than myelofibrosis, or (iii) secondary AML
  • Acute leukemia in 2nd or greater CR (CR >= 2)
  • Refractory or relapsed AML with =< 10% bone marrow blasts and no circulating blasts or proven extramedullary disease
  • AML transformed from myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) with < 10% bone marrow blasts
  • MDS with following high risk features:

    • High risk cytogenetics (including, but not limited to: 7q--, inv[3], t[3q], del[3q] or complex karyotype)
    • International Prognostic Scoring System (IPSS) intermediate (INT)-2 or greater
    • Treatment-related MDS
    • Any phase of MDS if patient is < 21 years of age
  • Chronic myelogenous leukemia (CML) beyond 1st chronic phase or resistant or intolerant to tyrosine kinase inhibitors (adults) or any phase (pediatric < 21 years)
  • Chronic myelomonocytic leukemia
  • Philadelphia-negative myeloproliferative disorder
  • Lymphoma: relapsed chemotherapy-sensitive (complete or partial response) Hodgkin or non-Hodgkin lymphoma
  • Multiple myeloma-stage III
  • The patient or legal representative must be able to understand and give written informed consent
  • DONORS: The donor must be a genotypically HLA-identical sibling, a phenotypically HLA-matched first-degree relative, or an unrelated donor who is molecularly matched with the patient at HLA-A, B, C, DRB1
  • DONORS: Donors must meet the selection criteria for administration of G-CSF (filgrastim) and apheresis defined by the Foundation for the Accreditation of Cell Therapy (FACT) and will be screened per the American Association of Blood Banks (AABB)
  • DONORS: Donors must be capable of giving informed consent

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Prior autologous or allogeneic stem cell transplant
  • Performance status > 2 (Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group [ECOG]) or < 50 (Lansky; for patients < 16 years old)
  • Uncontrolled infection; the protocol principal investigator (PI) will be final arbiter if there is uncertainty regarding whether a previous infection is under adequate control to allow enrollment in the study
  • Positive serology for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-1, 2 or human T cell lymphotropic virus (HTLV)-1, 2
  • Left ventricular ejection fraction < 45% or shortening fraction < 25%; no uncontrolled arrhythmias or symptomatic cardiac disease
  • Symptomatic pulmonary disease; forced expiratory volume in one second (FEV1), forced vital capacity (FVC), diffusion capacity of the lung for carbon monoxide (DLCO) =< 50% of predicted (corrected for hemoglobin); if pulmonary function tests cannot be performed, an oxygen saturation < 92% on room air
  • Calculated (Cockcroft-Gault or appropriate calculation for pediatric patients) serum creatinine clearance =< 60 mL/min; if the calculated CrCl is 50-60 mL/min, but a measured CrCl by 24 hour urine collection is > 60 mL/min, this measurement is acceptable
  • Total serum bilirubin more than twice upper normal limit
  • Alanine aminotransferase (ALT) or aspartate aminotransferase (AST) more than 3-fold higher than laboratory upper normal limits
  • Female patient must have negative serum pregnancy test (all women of child bearing-potential must have test performed)
  • DONORS: Potential donors who for psychological, physiological, or medical reasons cannot tolerate administration of G-CSF or apheresis
  • DONORS: Donors who are allergic to filgrastim or Escherichia (E.) coli-derived proteins
  • DONORS: Donor-related risks to recipients
  • DONORS: Positive anti-donor lymphocytotoxic crossmatch
  • DONORS: Donors who are positive for HIV
  Contacts and Locations
Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT01427881


Locations
United States, Washington
Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center/University of Washington Cancer Consortium
Seattle, Washington, United States, 98109
Sponsors and Collaborators
Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Marco Mielcarek Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center/University of Washington Cancer Consortium
  More Information

Publications automatically indexed to this study by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number):
Responsible Party: Marco Mielcarek, Principal Investigator, Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01427881     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 2541.00
NCI-2011-02459 ( Registry Identifier: CTRP (Clinical Trial Reporting Program) )
P30CA015704 ( U.S. NIH Grant/Contract )
First Submitted: August 31, 2011
First Posted: September 2, 2011
Results First Submitted: April 11, 2017
Results First Posted: May 19, 2017
Last Update Posted: May 19, 2017
Last Verified: May 2017

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Lymphoma
Syndrome
Leukemia
Leukemia, Myeloid
Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute
Multiple Myeloma
Lymphoma, Follicular
Myelodysplastic Syndromes
Preleukemia
Lymphoma, Non-Hodgkin
Neoplasm Metastasis
Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma
Leukemia, Lymphoid
Hodgkin Disease
Lymphoma, B-Cell
Lymphoma, Mantle-Cell
Leukemia, Myelogenous, Chronic, BCR-ABL Positive
Lymphoma, B-Cell, Marginal Zone
Leukemia, Lymphocytic, Chronic, B-Cell
Lymphoma, Large B-Cell, Diffuse
Burkitt Lymphoma
Lymphoma, T-Cell
Lymphoma, Large-Cell, Immunoblastic
Plasmablastic Lymphoma
Graft vs Host Disease
Mycoses
Mycosis Fungoides
Sezary Syndrome
Lymphoma, T-Cell, Cutaneous
Leukemia, T-Cell