Evaluating Vaccine Responses in Healthy Infants Receiving Their Routine Primary Immunisation According to the Accelerated United Kingdom Schedule at 2, 3 and 4 Months (P13UK)

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT01425372
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : August 30, 2011
Last Update Posted : July 23, 2015
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Prof. Elizabeth Miller, Public Health England

Brief Summary:
Streptococcus pneumoniae is a major cause of serious bacterial infections, particularly among young children. Over 30 different types of the pneumococcus germ can cause invasive disease, but 7 types (namely serotypes 4, 6B, 9V, 14, 18C, 19F and 23F) are responsible for around 75% of cases in young children. A pneumococcal conjugate vaccine against these 7 serotypes (PCV7; Prevenar ®, Wyeth Vaccines) was introduced into the UK national immunisation programme in September 2006 and has resulted in a rapid reduction in pneumococcal disease caused by the 7 serotypes among both vaccinated children and older unvaccinated children and adults through herd immunity. By 2009, over half of all invasive pneumococcal cases in young children were caused by six other pneumococcal serotypes (1, 3, 5, 6A, 7F and 19A) that are included in a newly licensed 13 valent pneumococcal vaccine (PCV13; Prevenar 13®, Wyeth Vaccines). In April 2010, PCV13 replaced PCV7 in the UK immunisation programme with the aim of further reducing cases of invasive pneumococcal disease. The antibody responses induced by the 7 serotypes in both PCV13 and PCV7 have been shown to be comparable, but the protection offered by the additional 6 serotypes in PCV13 merits further study. Also, it is possible that the use of PCV13 instead of PCV7 may interfere with immune responses to other vaccines, such as Haemophilus influenzae serotype b (Hib), which are given to infants at the same time as PCV13. The proposed study will aim to collect one blood sample from infants after they receive their routine vaccinations at 2, 3 and 4 months in order to their measure immune responses to routine vaccines. The investigators hope that their results will help us better understand the added protection offered by the 13valent pneumococcal vaccine and ensure that children are adequately protected by the other vaccines they receive.

Condition or disease
Streptococcus Pneumoniae

Detailed Description:

This study will aim to prospectively recruit infants in the first 6 months of life who are either due to receive or in the process of receiving their routine infant immunisation and request one blood sample one month after completing their primary immunisation schedule, which will be at around 5 months of age, if they fulfil the inclusion criteria for the study.


A total of 200 infants will be recruited in two centres - Hertfordshire and Gloucestershire.

Study Type : Observational
Actual Enrollment : 93 participants
Observational Model: Cohort
Time Perspective: Prospective
Official Title: A Prospective Study to Evaluate the Immune Response of UK Infants Receiving the 13-valent Pneumococcal Conjugate Vaccine as Part of Their Routine Primary Immunisation Schedule at 2 and 4 Months
Study Start Date : November 2010
Actual Primary Completion Date : May 2012
Actual Study Completion Date : June 2013

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Pneumonia

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. 1. To determine the proportion of infants with pneumococcal serotype-specific IgG antibody concentrations ≥0.35 μg/ml for the 13 serotypes included in Prevenar13 at one month after completion of primary immunisation [ Time Frame: 24 months ]

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. 1. To determine the geometric mean concentrations (GMCs) of pneumococcal serotype-specific IgG antibody concentrations for each of the 13 serotypes in Prevenar13 one month after primary immunisation [ Time Frame: 24 months ]
  2. 2. To determine, using a functional opsonophagocytic assay (OPA), the proportion of infants with geometric mean titres (GMT) ≥1:8 for the 13 serotypes in Prevenar13 one month after primary immunisation [ Time Frame: 24 months ]
  3. 3. To determine serum bactericidal assay (SBA) titres with 95%CI for MenC and the proportion of infants achieving SBA titres ≥8 or ≥128 one month after primary immunisation [ Time Frame: 24 months ]
  4. 4. To determine Hib GMC with 95%CI and proportions of infants with Hib antibody concentrations ≥0.15 μg/ml or ≥1.0 μg/ml one month after primary immunisation [ Time Frame: 24 months ]

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   up to 6 Months   (Child)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes
Sampling Method:   Non-Probability Sample
Study Population
Healthy infants who have received their primary immunisation schedule at appropriate intervals

Inclusion Criteria:

Male or female infants born at term (at least 37 weeks gestation) aged <6 months:

  1. With written informed consent obtained from the parent or legal guardian of the infant to participate in the study and to allow the infant's General Practitioner (GP) to be informed of participation in the study and be contacted, if required, for confirmation of the vaccination history
  2. Who have received all their primary immunisations in the 1st 6 months of life, including:

    • 3 doses of Pediacel®
    • 2 doses of Prevenar13®, with the 1st dose given at 6-12 weeks of age and the 2nd dose at 8-12 weeks after the 1st dose
    • 2 doses of any MenC vaccine
  3. Do not fulfil any of the Exclusion Criteria

Exclusion Criteria:

Participant may not be included in the study if any of the following apply:

  1. History of invasive Haemophilus influenzae serotype b (Hib), pneumococcal or meningococcal disease
  2. Confirmed or suspected immunosuppressive or immunodeficient condition (including HIV)
  3. Bleeding disorders and/or prolonged bleeding time
  4. Major congenital defects or chronic disease
  5. Premature birth (<37 weeks gestation at birth)

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT01425372

United Kingdom
Multiple GP surgeries
Hertfordshire and Gloucsstershire, United Kingdom
Sponsors and Collaborators
Prof. Elizabeth Miller
Study Chair: Elizabeth Miller, PhD Public Health England

Publications automatically indexed to this study by Identifier (NCT Number):
Responsible Party: Prof. Elizabeth Miller, Consultant Epidemiologist, Public Health England Identifier: NCT01425372     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: P13UK
First Posted: August 30, 2011    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: July 23, 2015
Last Verified: July 2015

Keywords provided by Prof. Elizabeth Miller, Public Health England:
pneumococcal conjugate vaccine
immune responses
primary immunisation
Vaccine responses to primary immunisation in the UK

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Lung Diseases
Respiratory Tract Diseases
Respiratory Tract Infections
Heptavalent Pneumococcal Conjugate Vaccine
Immunologic Factors
Physiological Effects of Drugs