An Open Cohort of Childhood Tuberculosis in Mbarara National Referral Hospital, Uganda

The recruitment status of this study is unknown because the information has not been verified recently.
Verified February 2013 by Epicentre.
Recruitment status was  Recruiting
Mbarara University of Science and Technology
Medecins Sans Frontieres
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Epicentre Identifier:
First received: August 15, 2011
Last updated: February 16, 2013
Last verified: February 2013

Tuberculosis (TB) remains a leading cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide. The situation for children in this epidemic is complex because they are usually considered less infectious and therefore, not to represent an important public health problem. Uganda ranks among the countries with the highest TB burden with 330/100,000 person-year TB incidence. Up to 16% of new TB infections are estimated to occur in children. Diagnosis of childhood TB is usually based on exposure history and a set of clinical, radiological and biological signs that considered separately have rather low predictive values. There is no consensus on the optimal way to combine these signs. This is even more complex when the child is infected with HIV. The risk of TB infection and disease, and the TB clinical presentation depend on the child's age, the youngest being at highest risk. An important first step in improving the management of childhood TB is to better define the clinical and radiological characteristics of children with suspected TB at first presentation to a health service in an endemic setting; also to document the feasibility and tolerability of TB treatment in this age cohort. This initial descriptive study would help to pave the way for more rigorous studies evaluating novel diagnostics and conducting clinical trials on first and second line TB treatment in children, in the future.

The main objective of the study is to improve the diagnosis of TB in children in a setting of high TB and HIV prevalence and to assess the treatment outcomes and tolerance of the new WHO recommended TB drug dosages.

The investigators will conduct an observational cohort study of paediatric TB suspects attending the Mbarara National Reference Hospital (MNRH). All included TB suspects will have an initial comprehensive assessment including clinical examination, chest X-ray, tuberculin skin test, smear microscopy, Mycobacterium tuberculosis culture, XpertMTB/RIF® of respiratory or extra-pulmonary specimen for diagnosis of tuberculosis. For children who cannot produce sputum, sputum induction will be proposed. Children with indication of TB treatment will be followed up to 6 months after completion of TB treatment (total 12 months) with treatment efficiency, tolerability and acceptability assessment. Children without indication of TB treatment will undergo a systematic clinical assessment after 3 months. Finally, clinical files from all TB suspects will be retrospectively reviewed by 2 independent paediatric TB experts in order to classify the cases as Confirmed TB, Certain TB, Probable TB and Unlikely TB cases. A total of 385 paediatric TB suspects (1 month-14 years) will be screened from the paediatric ward, OPD, HIV clinic of the MNRH, Holy Innocents children's hospital and The AIDS support organisation (TASO) in Mbarara.


Study Type: Observational
Study Design: Observational Model: Cohort
Time Perspective: Prospective
Official Title: An Open Cohort of Childhood Tuberculosis in Mbarara National Referral Hospital, Uganda

Resource links provided by NLM:

Further study details as provided by Epicentre:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Number of confirmed, certain, probable and unlikely TB cases among TB suspects [ Time Frame: Week 48 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Baseline clinical presentation of TB suspects [ Time Frame: Week 12 and 24 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Baseline clinical presentation of TB suspects: overall, among sub-groups of children defined by HIV infection, malnutrition, age category (<3 years, 3-10 years and > 10 years), TB treatment decision and according to the TB classification using the proxy reference standard

  • Baseline biological characteristics (smear microscopy, culture and XpertMTB/RIF® of sputum and other specimen for EPTB suspects) of TB suspects [ Time Frame: Week 12 and 24 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Baseline biological characteristics (smear microscopy, culture and XpertMTB/RIF® of sputum and other specimen for EPTB suspects) of TB suspects: overall, among sub-groups of children defined by HIV infection, age category (<3 years, 3-10 years and > 10 years), TB treatment decision and disease classification

  • XpertMTB/RIF® and culture results in stools of TB suspects [ Time Frame: Week 12 and 24 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Number of children started on TB treatment among TB suspects [ Time Frame: Week 24 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Number of TB suspect cases who were initially diagnosed as non TB who died or eventually received a TB diagnosis within the first 3 months of clinical follow-up [ Time Frame: Week 12 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Treatment successes (cured and completed), failures, defaulters and deaths [ Time Frame: Week 48 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • TB recurrence 6 months after completion of TB treatment [ Time Frame: Week 48 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Antiretroviral treatment (ART) regimen and time to initiation in co-infected children [ Time Frame: Week 48 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Occurrence and clinical description of IRIS episodes [ Time Frame: Within 2 months of ART initiation ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Type and frequency of grade 3 and 4 adverse events during TB treatment, with/without concomitant ART [ Time Frame: Week 2, 4, 8, 16, 24 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Pill burden, adherence rate and drugs errors with the use of new paediatric dosages [ Time Frame: Week 2, 4, 6, 8, 12, 16, 20, 24 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

Estimated Enrollment: 300
Study Start Date: April 2012
Estimated Study Completion Date: September 2014
Estimated Primary Completion Date: April 2014 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)

Ages Eligible for Study:   1 Month to 14 Years
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Sampling Method:   Non-Probability Sample
Study Population
Children aged one month to 14 years and identified as TB suspect will be eligible to the study. Definition of TB suspect was adapted from the definitions proposed by WHO guidelines (World Health Organisation 2006).

Inclusion Criteria:

Any child with at least one of the following criteria:

  • Unexplained weight loss or documented failure to thrive or stagnant weight or Growth faltering on the growth charts over the past 3 months despite adequate nutrition and deworming,
  • Non - remittent cough or wheeze for more than 2 weeks,
  • Night sweats persistent or intermittent during the last 2 weeks
  • Prolonged fever (temperature > 38°C) for 7 days, after common causes such malaria or pneumonia has been excluded.
  • Wheeze/Stridor - persistent, non remitting during the last 2 weeks
  • Chest pain - Persistent, localized, pleuritic in nature during the last 2 weeks
  • Unexplained fatigue, weakness, apathy, lethargy or reduced playfulness during the last 2 weeks
  • Painless superficial lymph node mass (>2x2cm)-
  • Chronic onset meningitis (>5days), lymphocytic predominance in CSF or meningitis not responding to antibiotic treatment (ref 8)
  • Recent gibbus
  • Abdominal distention with ascites OR
  • Any child with an abnormal chest X-ray (CXR) suggestive of TB (hilar/paratracheal adenopathy with/without airway compression, airspace opacification not responding to antibiotics or documented TB contact, lung cavities or miliary infiltrates) OR
  • Asymptomatic child with a history of recent contact (within past year) with a pulmonary TB smear or culture positive patient and an abnormal chest X-ray AND
  • Informed Consent signed by parent or legal representative

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Current TB treatment (patient who received < 3 days of treatment or patients receiving IPT could be still included) or TB treatment completed within the past 6 months.
  • Absence of informed consent
  • Living outside of Greater Mbarara region.
  • Unable or unwilling to attend to the follow-up visits
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its identifier: NCT01422798

Contact: Margaret Nansumba, MD

Mbarara National Referral Hospital Recruiting
Mbarara, Uganda
Contact: Juliet Mwanga-Amumpaire, MMED Pediatrics    256793328748   
Contact: yap boum, phd    256793328747   
Sponsors and Collaborators
Mbarara University of Science and Technology
Medecins Sans Frontieres
Principal Investigator: Margaret Nansumba, MD Epicentre
  More Information

No publications provided

Responsible Party: Epicentre Identifier: NCT01422798     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: Epicentre/MBA/2011/TBKidcohort 
Study First Received: August 15, 2011
Last Updated: February 16, 2013
Health Authority: France: Committee for the Protection of Personnes
Uganda: National Council for Science and Technology

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Actinomycetales Infections
Bacterial Infections
Gram-Positive Bacterial Infections
Mycobacterium Infections processed this record on February 11, 2016