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Biomarkers in Samples From Adult Patients With Acute Myeloid Leukemia Who Failed Existing Standard-of-Care Treatment

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT01421862
Recruitment Status : Unknown
Verified August 2011 by National Cancer Institute (NCI).
Recruitment status was:  Not yet recruiting
First Posted : August 23, 2011
Last Update Posted : July 10, 2013
Information provided by:
National Cancer Institute (NCI)

Brief Summary:

RATIONALE: Studying samples of bone marrow and blood from patients with cancer who failed treatment may help doctors learn more about changes that occur in DNA and identify biomarkers related to cancer resistance. It may also help doctors find better ways to treat cancer.

PURPOSE: This research trial studies biomarkers in samples from adult patients with acute myeloid leukemia who failed standard-of-care treatment.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment
Leukemia Genetic: DNA methylation analysis Genetic: RNA analysis Genetic: gene expression analysis Genetic: microarray analysis Genetic: mutation analysis Genetic: nucleic acid sequencing Other: laboratory biomarker analysis

Detailed Description:


  • Define a "non-response" signature that will help up-front identification of cases of intermediate-risk acute myeloid leukemia (AML) destined to fail existing standard-of-care therapy.
  • Identify biological pathways in the "non-response" group that can provide targets for novel therapeutics.

OUTLINE: DNA and RNA extracted from cryopreserved bone marrow cells and/or blood cells are analyzed for mutations and gene expression signatures (genome-wide methylation, mRNA and miRNA expression, and single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) analysis) by microarray assays.

Study Type : Observational
Estimated Enrollment : 400 participants
Official Title: The Genetics of "Non-Response" in Adult AML
Study Start Date : September 2011
Estimated Primary Completion Date : October 2011

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Genetic signature predictive of progression and drug resistance in AML

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Identification of biological pathways in non-responder AML patients

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 65 Years   (Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No


  • Samples from previously untreated non-M3 acute myeloid leukemia (AML)
  • Normal karyotype (NK) intermediate-risk disease
  • Two or more vials of cryopreserved pretreatment bone marrow cells and/or two or more vials of cryopreserved pretreatment blood cells available from the Intergroup AML Repository
  • Blast count ≥ 60%
  • Eligible and evaluable for the patient's clinical trial, and did not have fatal induction toxicity
  • Response to protocol induction chemotherapy:

    • Non-response: AML with failure to achieve a complete remission (CR) after induction chemotherapy ("7 & 3"-based therapy using cytatabine and/or daunorobicin hydrochloride (DNR) OR idarubicin and/or DNR
    • Responders: continued complete remission (CCR) > 2 years


  • Not specified


  • See Disease Characteristics

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT01421862

Sponsors and Collaborators
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Principal Investigator: Jerry Radich, MD Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center

Responsible Party: Jerry Radich, Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center Identifier: NCT01421862     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: FHCRC-9140
CDR0000709269 ( Registry Identifier: PDQ (Physician Data Query) )
First Posted: August 23, 2011    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: July 10, 2013
Last Verified: August 2011

Keywords provided by National Cancer Institute (NCI):
adult acute basophilic leukemia
adult acute eosinophilic leukemia
adult erythroleukemia (M6a)
adult pure erythroid leukemia (M6b)
adult acute minimally differentiated myeloid leukemia (M0)
adult acute monoblastic leukemia (M5a)
adult acute monocytic leukemia (M5b)
adult acute myeloblastic leukemia with maturation (M2)
adult acute myelomonocytic leukemia (M4)
adult acute myeloid leukemia with 11q23 (MLL) abnormalities
adult acute myeloid leukemia with del(5q)
adult acute myeloid leukemia with inv(16)(p13;q22)
adult acute myeloid leukemia with t(16;16)(p13;q22)
adult acute myeloid leukemia with t(8;21)(q22;q22)
untreated adult acute myeloid leukemia
adult acute myeloblastic leukemia without maturation (M1)
adult acute megakaryoblastic leukemia (M7)

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Leukemia, Myeloid
Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute
Neoplasms by Histologic Type