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Identification of Genes That Predict Local Recurrence in Samples From Patients With Breast Cancer Treated on NSABP-B-28

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01420185
Recruitment Status : Unknown
Verified May 2015 by NSABP Foundation Inc.
Recruitment status was:  Active, not recruiting
First Posted : August 19, 2011
Last Update Posted : May 8, 2015
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
NSABP Foundation Inc

Brief Summary:

RATIONALE: Studying samples of tumor tissue from patients with cancer in the laboratory may help doctors identify and learn more about biomarkers related to cancer. It may also help doctors predict whether cancer will come back after treatment.

PURPOSE: This research trial is studying genes that may predict local recurrence in samples from patients with breast cancer. treated on NSABP-B-28


Condition or disease Intervention/treatment
Breast Cancer Genetic: RNA analysis Genetic: gene expression analysis Genetic: microarray analysis Genetic: reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction Other: laboratory biomarker analysis

Detailed Description:

OBJECTIVES:

  • To evaluate the association between the 21-gene Recurrence Score and risk of local-regional recurrence (LRR) in node-positive, estrogen receptor- (ER) positive (+) patients treated with cyclophosphamide and doxorubicin hydrochloride (AC) with or without paclitaxel in the NSABP-B-28 trial.
  • To evaluate the potential for combining the 21-gene Recurrence Score (RS) with traditional clinico-pathologic factors in order to derive an improved algorithm for prediction of LRR risk and in order to identify subgroups of ER-positive patients with 1-3 or 4 or more positive nodes who do/do not need post mastectomy chest wall radiotherapy (XRT) or regional nodal XRT (irrespective of surgical procedure).
  • To evaluate whether the 21-gene RS predicts benefit from adding paclitaxel to AC chemotherapy in reducing risk of LRR, and improving disease-free survival (DFS) and overall survival (OS) in node-positive, ER-positive patients from NSABP-B-28.

OUTLINE: RNA extracted from paraffin-embedded tissue samples are analyzed for gene expression profile by Ribogreen assay and RT-PCR. Results are then compared and analyzed with each patient clinical-pathologic factors, including tumor size, patient age, number of positive nodes (1-3, 4+), tumor grade, and surgery type (mastectomy or lumpectomy).


Study Type : Observational
Estimated Enrollment : 1300 participants
Observational Model: Case Control
Time Perspective: Retrospective
Official Title: Molecular Predictors of Loco-Regional Recurrence in Node Positive Breast Cancer
Study Start Date : October 2011
Estimated Primary Completion Date : December 2015

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine





Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Association between low, intermediate, and high 21-gene recurrence score (RS) and risk of LRR [ Time Frame: approximately 4 years ]
  2. Identification of a subgroup of patients who may or may not need radiotherapy after surgery [ Time Frame: approximately 4 years ]
  3. 21-gene RS in predicting treatment benefit, reducing LRR risk, and improving DFS and OS in node-positive ER+ patients [ Time Frame: approximately 4 years ]


Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 78 Years   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   Female
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Sampling Method:   Non-Probability Sample
Study Population
Stored tissue from participants in protocol NSABP B-28.
Criteria

DISEASE CHARACTERISTICS:

  • Diagnosed with breast cancer and enrolled on NSABP-B-28.

    • Estrogen-receptor positive (ER+)
    • Node-positive disease
  • Primary tumor tissue samples available
  • Treated with cyclophosphamide and doxorubicin hydrochloride and tamoxifen with or without paclitaxel

PATIENT CHARACTERISTICS:

  • Menopausal status not specified

PRIOR CONCURRENT THERAPY:

  • See Disease Characteristics

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT01420185


Sponsors and Collaborators
NSABP Foundation Inc
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Terry Mamounas, MD, MPH, FACS Aultman Cancer Center at Aultman Hospital

Publications automatically indexed to this study by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number):
Responsible Party: NSABP Foundation Inc
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01420185     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: NSABP B-28 ICSCA
NSABP-B28-ICSC-A
First Posted: August 19, 2011    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: May 8, 2015
Last Verified: May 2015

Keywords provided by NSABP Foundation Inc:
estrogen receptor-positive breast cancer
stage II breast cancer
stage IIIA breast cancer

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Breast Neoplasms
Recurrence
Neoplasms by Site
Neoplasms
Breast Diseases
Skin Diseases
Disease Attributes
Pathologic Processes