Gemcitabine and Docetaxel in Combination With Pazopanib (Gem/Doce/Pzb) for the Neoadjuvant Treatment of Soft Tissue Sarcoma (STS)

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT01418001
Recruitment Status : Terminated (Lack of accrual)
First Posted : August 16, 2011
Results First Posted : February 17, 2016
Last Update Posted : January 11, 2018
National Comprehensive Cancer Network
University of California, Los Angeles
Washington University School of Medicine
Northwestern University
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center

Brief Summary:
The purpose of this study is to see the effects, good and/or bad, of the drug combination of gemcitabine, docetaxel and pazopanib on sarcoma. This is a phase Ib-phase II clinical trial. The goal of a phase Ib part of the clinical trial is to confirm a dose of the drugs that is safe. The investigators determine this by closely checking for side effects that the patient may experience.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Sarcoma Leiomyosarcoma Malignant Peripheral Nerve Sheath Tumor Malignant Fibrous Histiocytoma/Undifferentiated Pleomorphic Sarcoma Drug: Pazopanib 400 mg QD - Gemcitabine and Docetaxel in Combination Phase 1 Phase 2

Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 5 participants
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase IB/II Study of Gemcitabine and Docetaxel in Combination With Pazopanib (Gem/Doce/Pzb) for the Neoadjuvant Treatment of Soft Tissue Sarcoma (STS)
Study Start Date : August 2011
Primary Completion Date : November 2015
Study Completion Date : November 2015

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Pazopanib 400 mg QD - Gemcitabine and Docetaxel in Combination
This will be a multicenter single arm phase IB/II trial to evaluate the clinical safety and efficacy of gemcitabine/docetaxel and pazopanib in the neoadjuvant treatment of soft tissue sarcoma.
Drug: Pazopanib 400 mg QD - Gemcitabine and Docetaxel in Combination

Patients who meet the eligibility criteria above will be treated with the combination therapy of Gemcitabine, Docetaxel, and Pazopanib for two cycles and subsequently re-evaluated for treatment effect. If no progression of the tumor is seen, patients will continue with two more cycles of treatment (total four cycles). Those patients who have progression of disease will proceed directly to surgical resection.

Following completion of neoadjuvant treatment, all patients will have definitive surgical resection. Following recovery from surgery, patients will proceed with adjuvant radiation therapy. Patients will then be followed for 2 years or until January 1st 2015, whichever comes first .

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Overall Objective Response [ Time Frame: Every 6 weeks up to 2 years ]

    Overall objective response measured using Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors (RECIST) version 1.1.Complete Response (CR): Disappearance of all target lesions. Any pathological lymph nodes (whether target or non-target) must have reduction in short axis to <10 mm.

    Partial Response (PR): At least a 30% decrease in the sum of the diameters of target lesions, taking as reference the baseline sum diameters.

    Progressive Disease (PD): At least a 20% increase in the sum of the diameters of target lesions, taking as reference the smallest sum on study (this includes the baseline sum if that is the smallest on study). In addition to the relative increase of 20%, the sum must also demonstrate an absolute increase of at least 5 mm. (Note: the appearance of one or more new lesions is also considered progressions).

    Stable Disease (SD): Neither sufficient shrinkage to qualify for PR nor sufficient increase to qualify for PD, taking as reference the smallest sum diameters while on study.

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Pathologic Response [ Time Frame: 2 years ]
    will be assessed by both MRI and by pathologic review after surgery. An estimate of each response rate and the 95% CI will be provided

Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Patients must have histologically or cytologically confirmed extremity only, ≥8 cm, high grade STS (MPNST, MFH/UPS, LMS) at MSKCC or locally for participating sites.
  • Subjects must have only localized disease that is potentially amenable to definitive resection.
  • The first 15 MSKCC patients on the Phase II portion of the protocol must undergo either an open incisional or core tumor biopsy prior to the initiation of therapy.
  • Patients must have measurable disease by RECIST 1.1, defined as at least one lesion that can be accurately measured in at least one dimension (longest diameter to be recorded) as >20 mm with conventional techniques or as >10 mm with spiral CT scan. See Section 10 for the evaluation of measurable disease.
  • Age >18 years. ECOG performance status 0 or 1.
  • Patients must have normal organ and marrow function as defined below (ULN indicates institutional upper limit of normal): Absolute neutrophil count (ANC) ≥1.5 X 109/L Hemoglobin ≥9 g/dL (5.6 mmol/L) Platelets ≥100 X 109/L International normalized ratio (INR) ≤1.2 X ULN Activated partial thromboplastin time (aPTT)≤1.2 X ULN Total bilirubin ≤1.5 X ULN Alanine amino, transferase (ALT) and Aspartate aminotransferase (AST) ≤2.5 X ULN Serum creatinine ≤1.5 mg/dL (133 μmol/L) Or, if serum creatinine, >1.5 mg/dL: Calculated creatinine clearance (ClCR)

    ≥30 mL/min to ≥50 mL/min Urine Protein to Creatinine Ratio (UPC; appropriate appendix) <1 Or, 24-hour urine protein <1g

  • Patients must not have current evidence of another malignancy.
  • Pazopanib, gemcitabine and docetaxel all carry category D (positive evidence of risk) pregnancy status. For this reason women of child-bearing potential and men must agree to use adequate contraception (hormonal or barrier method of birth control; abstinence) during therapy and for at least 8 weeks after completion of therapy and have pregnancy testing prior to study entry and after two cycles of treatment. Should a woman become pregnant or suspect she is pregnant while participating in this study, she must inform her treating physician immediately.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Patients who have had major surgery 4 weeks prior to entering the study, or those who have not recovered from adverse events to ≤ NCI CTC AE Grade 1, associated with surgery. Excluded from such considerations are surgical changes not expected to improve, e.g. removal of muscle tissue.
  • Patients must not have had been treated previously with radiation, chemotherapy or other anti-cancer agent for the current disease.
  • History of allergic reactions or hypersensitivity reactions attributed to compounds of similar chemical or biologic composition to pazopanib, gemcitabine, docetaxel or other agents used in the study.
  • Patients with a contraindication to MRIs.
  • Patients who required concomitant treatment with medications that are known to be inhibitors or strong inducers of isoenzyme CYP3A4, CYP2C8, and CYP2D6 unless the drugs are medically necessary and no substitutes are available. If there are no acceptable substitutes, special precautions should be taken in these patients. Similarly, co-administration with CYP3A inhibitors (e.g. Ergot derivatives, Neuroleptics, Antiarrhythmics, Immune modulators and miscellaneous agents such quetiapine, risperidone, clozapine, atomoxetine, and inducers (e.g. Glucocorticoids, Anticonvulsants, HIV antivirals, Antibiotics, miscellaneous agents such as St. John's Wort, modafinil, pioglitazone, troglitazone, simvastatin, should also be avoided if possible, or otherwise subject to caution (e.g. increased frequency of safety monitoring). Strong CYP3A4 inhibitors are PROHIBITED within 14 days prior to the first dose of pazopanib including: Antibiotics, HIV protease inhibitors, Antifungals and Antidepressants
  • Uncontrolled intercurrent illness including, but not limited to, ongoing or active infection, including HIV, active hepatitis B or C, symptomatic congestive heart failure, unstable angina pectoris, cardiac arrhythmia, poorly controlled diabetes or psychiatric illness/social situations that would limit compliance with study requirements. Hepatitis B and C will be screened for in all patients prior to initiating treatment via hepatitis B serologic markers, that is, HBsAg, HBs Ab, HBc Ab and Hep C Antibody. If patients have positive serologic markers, viral load markers (HBV-DNA and Hepatitis C RNA-PCR) will be performed during screening to confirm disease as well as screening for hepatitis C via quantitative RNA-PCR.
  • Pregnant women and women who are breast-feeding.
  • HIV -positive patients on combination antiretroviral therapy due to the potential for pharmacokinetic interactions with pazopanib.
  • Patients with significant respiratory compromise or an active and unexplained pneumonitis given that these patients would have an increased risk of pneumonitis from gemcitabine, and would also confuse the evaluation of pneumonitis on the trial
  • Clinically significant gastrointestinal abnormalities that may increase the risk for gastrointestinal bleeding including, but not limited to:

Active peptic ulcer disease

  • Inflammatory bowel disease (e.g. ulcerative colitis, Crohn's disease), or other gastrointestinal conditions with increased risk of perforation
  • History of abdominal fistula, gastrointestinal perforation, or intra-abdominal
  • abscess within 28 days prior to beginning study treatment Active diarrhea of any grade
  • Clinically significant gastrointestinal abnormalities that may affect absorption of investigational product including, but not limited to:
  • Malabsorption syndrome
  • Major resection of the stomach or small bowel
  • History of any one or more of the following cardiovascular conditions within the past 6 months:

Cardiac angioplasty or stenting Myocardial infarction Unstable angina Coronary artery bypass graft surgery Symptomatic peripheral vascular disease

  • History of cerebrovascular accident including transient ischemic attack (TIA), pulmonary embolism or untreated deep venous thrombosis (DVT) within the past 6 months.
  • Note: Subjects with recent DVT who have been treated with therapeutic anticoagulating agents for at least 6 weeks are eligible
  • Corrected QT interval (QTc) ≥ 450 msecs using Bazett's formula (append formula); for subjects with bundle branch block (BBB), QTc ≥480 msecs using Bazett's formula.)
  • Poorly controlled hypertension, defined as systolic blood pressure (SBP) of ≥140 mmHg or diastolic blood pressure (DBP) of ≥ 90mmHg.
  • Note: Initiation or adjustment of antihypertensive medication(s) is permitted prior to study entry.

History of Class III or IV congestive heart failure, as defined by the New York Heart Association Classification of Congestive Heart Failure [see Appendix D for description]

  • Evidence of active bleeding or bleeding diathesis
  • Administration of any non-oncologic investigational drug within 30 days or 5 half lives whichever is longer prior to receiving the first dose of study treatment.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT01418001

United States, California
Los Angeles, California, United States, 90095
United States, Illinois
Northwestern University
Evanston, Illinois, United States, 60208
United States, Missouri
Washington University School of Medicine
Saint Louis, Missouri, United States, 63110
United States, New York
Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center
New York, New York, United States, 10065
Sponsors and Collaborators
Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center
National Comprehensive Cancer Network
University of California, Los Angeles
Washington University School of Medicine
Northwestern University
Principal Investigator: William Tap, MD Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center

Additional Information:
Responsible Party: Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center Identifier: NCT01418001     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 11-104
First Posted: August 16, 2011    Key Record Dates
Results First Posted: February 17, 2016
Last Update Posted: January 11, 2018
Last Verified: December 2017

Keywords provided by Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center:

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Nerve Sheath Neoplasms
Histiocytoma, Malignant Fibrous
Neoplasms, Connective and Soft Tissue
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Neoplasms, Muscle Tissue
Neoplasms, Nerve Tissue
Peripheral Nervous System Neoplasms
Nervous System Neoplasms
Nervous System Diseases
Peripheral Nervous System Diseases
Neuromuscular Diseases
Neoplasms, Fibrous Tissue
Neoplasms, Connective Tissue
Neuroendocrine Tumors
Neuroectodermal Tumors
Neoplasms, Germ Cell and Embryonal
Antimetabolites, Antineoplastic
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action