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Hydroxychloroquine in Treating Patients With Solid Tumors Undergoing Radiation Therapy for Bone Metastases

This study has been terminated.
(Recently published data that has shown HCQ to be safe when combined with chemo and or radiation at even higher doses than what is used in this study.)
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Virginia Commonwealth University Identifier:
First received: August 10, 2011
Last updated: February 1, 2015
Last verified: February 2015
This phase I trial studies the side effects and best dose of hydroxychloroquine in treating patients with solid tumors undergoing radiation therapy for bone metastases. Drugs, such as hydroxychloroquine, may make tumor cells more sensitive to radiation therapy

Condition Intervention Phase
Bone Metastases
Unspecified Adult Solid Tumor, Protocol Specific
Drug: hydroxychloroquine
Radiation: radiation therapy
Phase 1

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase 1 Study of Hydroxychloroquine in Patients With Solid Tumors Receiving Radiotherapy for Bone Metastases

Resource links provided by NLM:

Further study details as provided by Virginia Commonwealth University:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • MTD of hydroxychloroquine that can be safely administered to cancer patients in association with radiotherapy [ Time Frame: 12 weeks ]
    Safety assessments weekly during treatment and at 4 weeks post-radiotherapy

Enrollment: 10
Study Start Date: August 2011
Study Completion Date: July 2014
Primary Completion Date: July 2014 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: Treatment (radiosensitization therapy)
Beginning 3 days before the initiation of radiotherapy, patients receive hydroxychloroquine PO QD or BID. Treatment continues until completion of radiotherapy.
Drug: hydroxychloroquine
Given PO
Other Name: HCQ
Radiation: radiation therapy
Undergo radiotherapy
Other Names:
  • irradiation
  • radiotherapy
  • therapy, radiation

Detailed Description:


I. To determine the maximum tolerated dose (MTD) of hydroxychloroquine that can safely be administered to cancer patients in association with radiation prior to developing this approach for disease treatment.

OUTLINE: This is a dose escalation study.

Beginning 3 days before the initiation of radiotherapy, patients receive hydroxychloroquine orally (PO) once daily (QD) or twice daily (BID). Treatment continues until completion of radiotherapy.

After completion of study treatment, patients are followed up at 4 weeks.


Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Patients must have a histologically confirmed solid tumor with radiographic evidence of bony metastatic disease and symptoms requiring palliative radiotherapy
  • Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status =< 2 (Karnofsky >= 60%)
  • Life expectancy of greater than 6 weeks
  • Leukocytes >= 3,000/uL
  • Absolute neutrophil count >= 1,500/uL
  • Platelets >= 100,000/uL
  • Total bilirubin =< 1.5 X institutional upper limit of normal
  • Aspartate aminotransferase (AST) (serum glutamic oxaloacetic transaminase [SGOT])/alanine aminotransferase (ALT) (serum glutamic pyruvic transaminase [SGPT]) =<2.5 X institutional upper limit of normal
  • Creatinine within normal institutional limits OR creatinine clearance >= 60 mL/min/1.73 m^2 for patients with calculated creatinine levels above institutional normal limits
  • Ability to understand and the willingness to sign a written informed consent document

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Patients who have had chemotherapy within 4 weeks prior to entering the study or those who have not recovered from acute adverse events due to agents administered more than 4 weeks earlier
  • Patients may not have received prior radiotherapy to the intended site
  • Patients who have not recovered from acute adverse events due to previous radiotherapy
  • Patients may not be receiving any other investigational agents
  • Patients who are neurologically unstable due to uncontrolled brain metastases are excluded from this clinical trial because of their poor prognosis and because they often develop progressive neurologic dysfunction that would confound the evaluation of neurologic and other adverse events. - - History of allergic reactions attributed to compounds of similar chemical or biologic composition to hydroxychloroquine
  • Uncontrolled intercurrent illness including, but not limited to ongoing or active infection, symptomatic congestive heart failure, unstable angina pectoris, cardiac arrhythmia, or psychiatric illness/social situations that would limit compliance with study requirements
  • Patients who are pregnant or may become pregnant during treatment
  • Patients with severe psoriasis who may experience a flare of disease with hydroxychloroquine use
  • Patients with known liver dysfunction (elevated transaminases or abnormal coagulation studies); patients with metastatic disease to the liver with normal liver function studies may be enrolled
  • Patients with retinopathy
  Contacts and Locations
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Please refer to this study by its identifier: NCT01417403

United States, Virginia
Virginia Commonwealth University/Massey Cancer Center
Richmond, Virginia, United States, 23298
Sponsors and Collaborators
Virginia Commonwealth University
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Principal Investigator: Laurie Cuttino Massey Cancer Center
  More Information

Additional Information:
Responsible Party: Virginia Commonwealth University Identifier: NCT01417403     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: MCC-13713
NCI-2011-02310 ( Registry Identifier: CTRP (Clinical Trial Reporting Program) )
P30CA016059 ( US NIH Grant/Contract Award Number )
Study First Received: August 10, 2011
Last Updated: February 1, 2015

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Neoplasm Metastasis
Bone Neoplasms
Bone Marrow Diseases
Neoplastic Processes
Pathologic Processes
Neoplasms by Site
Bone Diseases
Musculoskeletal Diseases
Hematologic Diseases
Antiprotozoal Agents
Antiparasitic Agents
Anti-Infective Agents
Enzyme Inhibitors
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Antirheumatic Agents processed this record on March 27, 2017