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Computerized Cognitive Behavioral Therapy for Childhood Anxiety in Community Health Centers

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01416805
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : August 15, 2011
Last Update Posted : October 26, 2017
Information provided by (Responsible Party):

Study Description
Brief Summary:
This study will examine the efficacy of a computerized cognitive behavioral therapy (CCBT) program for children with anxiety disorders in community health centers. The first phase of the study will offer insight into the feasibility of providing this intervention in community health centers, while the second phase will compare CCBT to treatment as usual.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Generalized Anxiety Disorder Social Phobia Separation Anxiety Disorder Behavioral: Computerized Cognitive Behavioral Therapy Behavioral: Treatment as usual Phase 3

Detailed Description:
Childhood anxiety disorders are quite common and associated with significant psychosocial impairment and distress. Offering equivalent efficacy to pharmacotherapy without the common side effect profile, cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) is a first line treatment for anxiety disorders in youth. However, dissemination of CBT to community settings is very limited. Effective treatment via traditional CBT often necessitates that the patient travel to a center that specializes in this treatment, and cost can prove an impediment to those of lower socioeconomic status, in particular. As well, differing theoretical approaches and training result in a minority of children with anxiety receiving evidence-based CBT. Accordingly, there is a great need for more widely accessible practices. As such, we are proposing a two phase trial that evaluates the feasibility of implementing a patient-centered intervention in community mental health centers, followed by an efficacy trial. In Phase I, an open trial of computerized CBT (CCBT) will be completed that focuses on feasibility issues of providing this intervention in community mental health centers. Thereafter, we will complete a randomized controlled trial comparing CCBT to treatment as usual (TAU) in Phase II. The open trial will recruit 18 youth ages 7 to 13 years, with the purpose of testing both practicality and management of an already developed CCBT protocol (Kendall & Khanna, 2008). The outcome trial will recruit 110 youth, with the purpose of measuring the efficacy of the CCBT protocol in front-line settings. Significantly greater symptom reductions in the CCBT group as compared to the TAU group would provide critical evidence for the inclusion of CCBT as a treatment option for anxious youth without immediate access to such in-person care. While this study will be coordinated by the University of South Florida Rothman Center for Neuropsychiatry team who is located at All Children's Hospital (USF/ACH), recruitment will take place at three community mental health centers throughout Florida that serve families of lower socioeconomic status. Primary outcomes will be assessed by an independent evaluator, and will include change in anxiety symptom severity; response rates; and remission rates. CCBT will follow the Kendall and Khanna (2008) manual with appropriate integrity checks. The implications of this study are significant, as computerized CBT may enable widespread dissemination of efficacious therapy for anxiety disorders among youth.

Study Design

Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 188 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Single (Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Utilizing Health Information Technology to Improve Health Care Quality: Implementation of a Computerized Cognitive Behavioral Therapy Protocol for Childhood Anxiety
Study Start Date : August 2011
Primary Completion Date : December 2015
Study Completion Date : December 2015

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Anxiety
U.S. FDA Resources

Arms and Interventions

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Computerized Cognitive Behavioral Therapy Behavioral: Computerized Cognitive Behavioral Therapy
Those who choose to participate will be enrolled in the 14 week study (18 weeks for phase II). They will required to attend 3 assessments - pre-treatment (week 0), mid-treatment (week 8), and post-treatment (week 14) (and a 4th assessment for a 1 month Follow-up for Phase II at week 18). This group will follow the CCBT protocol (Camp Cope-A-lot), which is the computer-assisted intervention for anxious children being examined in this study. The first 6 levels of this program are skill building levels to be completed by the user in his/her own home. The remaining 6 levels are completed with the therapist and consist of exposure tasks and rehearsal geared toward each child.
Active Comparator: Treatment as Usual Behavioral: Treatment as usual
Those who choose to participate will be enrolled in the 14 week study (18 weeks for phase II). They will required to attend 3 assessments - pre-treatment (week 0), mid-treatment (week 8), and post-treatment (week 14) (and a 4th assessment for a 1 month Follow-up for Phase II at week 18). Those in this group will not receive the CCBT, and instead will undergo therapy for their anxiety as they usually would, whether by using medication or working with a therapist.

Outcome Measures

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. PARS [ Time Frame: 14 Weeks ]
    Pediatric Anxiety Rating Scale (PARS)- The PARS (RUPP, 2002) is a clinician-rated scale assessing anxiety symptoms and the associated severity and impairment in children over the past week.

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. ADIS-C/P [ Time Frame: 14 weeks ]
    Anxiety Disorders Interview Schedule for DSM-IV: Child and Parent Versions (ADIS-IV-C/P)- The ADIS-IV-C/P (Silverman & Albano, 1996) is a clinician-administered, semi-structured interview that assesses for the presence and severity of DSM-IV anxiety disorders as well as Dysthymia and Major Depression, ADHD, Conduct Disorder, and Oppositional-Defiant Disorder. Excellent psychometric properties have been reported (e.g., Wood et al., 2002).

Eligibility Criteria

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   7 Years to 13 Years   (Child)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Outpatient boys and girls with an anxiety disorder (see below) aged 7-13 years.
  • Meets DSM-IV criteria for a diagnosis of one of the following anxiety disorders: separation anxiety disorder (SAD), generalized anxiety disorder (GAD), or social phobia.
  • Minimum score of 14 on the PARS Severity Scale.
  • The child has a Full Scale IQ greater than 80 as assessed on the Wechsler Abbreviated Scale of Intelligence.
  • Have home access to a computer with internet connection.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Receiving concurrent psychotherapy or other counseling services.
  • New Treatments: Initiation of an antidepressant within 12 weeks before study enrollment or an antipsychotic 6 weeks before study enrollment. No new alternative medications, nutritionals or therapeutic diets within 6 weeks of study enrollment. However, pharmacological interventions may be initiated or added if the child is randomized to the Treatment as Usual arm in Phase II.
  • Established Treatment changes: Any change in established psychotropic medication (e.g., antidepressants, anxiolytics) within 8 weeks before study enrollment (6 weeks for antipsychotic). Alternative medications that might have behavioral effects must be stable for 6 weeks prior to the study baseline assessment. Any medications that the child is on must remain stable during treatment unless s/he is randomized to the Treatment as Usual arm in Phase II.
  • (a) Current clinically significant suicidality or (b) individuals who have engaged in suicidal behaviors within 6 months.
  • Lifetime DSM-IV bipolar disorder, schizophrenia, or schizoaffective disorder.
  • Unwillingness of parents to make the commitment to accompany their children for study visits/assessments.
  • Presence of a significant and/or unstable medical illness which might lead to hospitalization during the study.
Contacts and Locations

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT01416805

United States, Florida
Directions for Mental Health
Clearwater, Florida, United States
Henderson Behavioral Health
Fort Lauderdale, Florida, United States
Access Behavioral Health
Pensacola, Florida, United States
University of South Florida
Saint Petersburg, Florida, United States, 33701
Sponsors and Collaborators
University of South Florida
Access Behavioral Health
Henderson Behavioral Health
Directions for Mental Health
Principal Investigator: Eric A Storch, Ph.D. University of South Florida
More Information

Additional Information:
Publications automatically indexed to this study by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number):
Responsible Party: University of South Florida
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01416805     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 1R18HS018665 ( U.S. AHRQ Grant/Contract )
First Posted: August 15, 2011    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: October 26, 2017
Last Verified: October 2017

Keywords provided by University of South Florida:
childhood anxiety disorders
cognitive behavioral therapy
Generalized Anxiety Disorder
Social Phobia
Separation Anxiety Disorder
Social Anxiety Disorder

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Anxiety Disorders
Phobia, Social
Anxiety, Separation
Pathologic Processes
Mental Disorders
Phobic Disorders
Neurodevelopmental Disorders