Gemcitabine Hydrochloride in Treating Patients With Pancreatic Cancer That Has Been Removed by Surgery

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Federation Francophone de Cancerologie Digestive
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT01416662
First received: August 12, 2011
Last updated: May 27, 2016
Last verified: May 2016
  Purpose

RATIONALE: Studying samples of blood from patients with cancer in the laboratory may help doctors learn more about changes that occur in DNA and identify biomarkers related to cancer. It may also help doctors predict how patients will respond to treatment.

PURPOSE: This clinical trial is studying gemcitabine hydrochloride in treating patients with pancreatic cancer that has been removed by surgery.


Condition Intervention Phase
Pancreatic Cancer
Drug: gemcitabine hydrochloride
Phase 2

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Pharmacogenetics of Gemcitabine: Study of the Impact of Genetic Polymorphism of Cytidine Deaminase (CDA) on Toxicity in Resected Pancreatic Adenocarcinomas

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by Federation Francophone de Cancerologie Digestive:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • capability of CDA to predict the occurrence of early severe hematological toxicity upon gemcitabine [ Time Frame: 2 months ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Overall Survival [ Time Frame: 2 years ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

Enrollment: 120
Study Start Date: June 2011
Study Completion Date: September 2015
Primary Completion Date: January 2015 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
gemcitabine
gemcitabine
Drug: gemcitabine hydrochloride

Detailed Description:

OBJECTIVES:

Primary

  • To determine the ability of cytidine deaminase (CDA) to predict the occurrence of early (during the first 2 courses) severe hematological toxicity (grade 3 or 4), induced by gemcitabine hydrochloride in patients with resected pancreatic adenocarcinoma.

Secondary

  • To determine the ability of CDA to predict the occurrence of severe non-hematological toxicity (grade 3 or 4), early (during the first 2 courses), and during the following courses, induced by gemcitabine hydrochloride.
  • To determine the ability of CDA to predict the occurrence of severe hematological toxicity (grade 3 or 4) during all courses, induced by gemcitabine hydrochloride.
  • To determine the impact of CDA status on gemcitabine hydrochloride pharmacokinetics and the ratio of gemcitabine hydrochloride/dFdU metabolization.
  • To study genotype to phenotype of the CDA gene.
  • To identify new mutations on the CDA gene.
  • To evaluate the relationship between CDA status and global survival. (Exploratory)

OUTLINE: This is a multicenter study.

Within 8 weeks of resection, patients receive adjuvant gemcitabine hydrochloride IV over 30 minutes on days 1, 8, and 15. Treatment repeats every 4 weeks for 6 courses in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

Blood samples are collected periodically for pharmacogenetic and biomarker studies. Some patients may undergo blood sample collection for pharmacokinetic studies.

After completion of study, patients are followed up periodically.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 120 Years   (Adult, Senior)
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

DISEASE CHARACTERISTICS:

  • Histologically confirmed adenocarcinoma of the pancreas

    • No metastatic or locally advanced (nonresectable) disease
  • Must have undergone curative surgical resection

    • Must have macroscopically complete (R0 or R1) surgical outcome
  • Adjuvant treatment with gemcitabine hydrochloride (for 6 months) is necessary, and able to start treatment within 8 weeks of surgical resection
  • No ampullomas or endocrine carcinomas

PATIENT CHARACTERISTICS:

  • WHO performance status 0-2
  • Neutrophil count ≥ 1,500/mm³
  • Platelet count ≥ 100,000/mm³
  • Alkaline phosphatases ≤ 5 times upper limit of normal
  • Total bilirubin ≤ 50 µmol/L
  • Creatinine clearance ≥ 60 mL/min
  • Not pregnant or nursing
  • Able to start adjuvant chemotherapy within 8 weeks of surgery
  • No evolving infectious syndrome (fever > 38°C or abscess)
  • No contraindication for gemcitabine hydrochloride
  • No prior malignant tumor except for cutaneous basocellular carcinoma or in situ cervical epithelioma (prior history of malignant tumor diagnosed and treated more than 10 years ago allowed, except for breast cancer and melanoma)

PRIOR CONCURRENT THERAPY:

  • See Disease Characteristics
  • No chemotherapy or radiotherapy within the past 10 years
  • No prior ablation surgery leaving macroscopic tumor residues (R2)
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT01416662

Locations
France
CHU de la Timone
Marseille, France, 13385
Sponsors and Collaborators
Federation Francophone de Cancerologie Digestive
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Laetitia Dahan, MD CHU de la Timone
  More Information

Publications:
Responsible Party: Federation Francophone de Cancerologie Digestive
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01416662     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: CDR0000703689  FFCD-1004  EU-21118  EUDRACT-2010-022987-11 
Study First Received: August 12, 2011
Last Updated: May 27, 2016
Health Authority: France: Agence Nationale de Sécurité du Médicament et des produits de santé

Keywords provided by Federation Francophone de Cancerologie Digestive:
adenocarcinoma of the pancreas
stage IA pancreatic cancer
stage IB pancreatic cancer
stage IIA pancreatic cancer

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Pancreatic Neoplasms
Digestive System Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Neoplasms
Endocrine Gland Neoplasms
Digestive System Diseases
Pancreatic Diseases
Endocrine System Diseases
Gemcitabine
Antimetabolites, Antineoplastic
Antimetabolites
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Antineoplastic Agents
Antiviral Agents
Anti-Infective Agents
Enzyme Inhibitors
Immunosuppressive Agents
Immunologic Factors
Physiological Effects of Drugs

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on August 25, 2016