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Efficacy and Safety Study of Afatinib to Treat Lung Cancer Patients (TIMELY)

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT01415011
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : August 11, 2011
Last Update Posted : January 15, 2019
Boehringer Ingelheim
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
University College, London

Brief Summary:
The purpose of this study is to examine the efficacy and safety of using afatinib (BIBW 2992) to treat non-small cell lung cancer patients considered unfit for chemotherapy and have either suspected or confirmed Epidermal Growth Factor Receptor (EGFR) mutation.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung Drug: Afatinib (BIBW 2992) Phase 2

Detailed Description:

Lung cancer is most common cause of death from cancer, of which non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) accounts for ~80% of all cases with most patients presenting with advanced disease. Patients medically unfit to receive radical or platinum-doublet palliative systemic therapy, because of poor performance status or comorbidity, account for at least 45% of newly diagnosed cases and have poor survival. Many oncologists have interpreted single-agent chemotherapy data as not clinically meaningful when balanced against toxicities, non-significant improvements in quality of life and comorbidity. Hence, in the UK, this group of patients are predominantly treated by best-supportive care (BSC).

This study aims to examine the efficacy and safety of using afatinib (BIBW 2992), an irreversible second generation EGFR inhibitor, in patients with non-small cell lung cancer, who are considered unfit for chemotherapy and have either suspected or confirmed Epidermal Growth Factor Receptor (EGFR) mutation.

Suspected EGFR mutant patients will have clinical characteristics likely to harbour the EGFR mutation (adenocarcinoma sub type and ex or never smokers) with EGFR genotype unknown either due to no tissue suitable for genotyping or failed genotype.

There has been only one small prospective study of medically unfit patients with EGFR mutation, but it demonstrated good efficacy with a TKI17. This phase II study of East Asian patients (n=30) with performance status 2-4 and treated with gefitinib demonstrated a rapid improvement in performance status at 1 month, an overall response rate of 66% and median survival of 17.8 months. Whilst gefitinib is licensed for EGFR mutant NSCLC, no prospective studies have yet been performed on medically unfit patients from Western countries. Despite dramatic initial responses, EGFR mutant NSCLC patients treated with gefitinib/erlotinib ultimately relapse. In ~50% of cases this is due to the gefitinib/erlotinib-resistant T790M genotype acquired through either secondary somatic mutation or clonal expansion. There is therefore a need to improve the outcomes of medically unfit patients with suspected EGFR mutation, who would otherwise be treated with best supportive care, and in proven EGFR mutation cases by using an effective EGFR-directed therapy that inhibits EGFRT790M.

Prospective data on medically unfit Western NSCLC patients with EGFR mutation are required to assess the efficacy of EGFR-TKIs. Additionally, given that 50% of such patients will become TKI-resistant through EGFRT790M, new therapies are required to overcome this resistance mechanism.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 39 participants
Allocation: N/A
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Trial of Afatinib (BIBW 2992) in Suspected or Confirmed Mutant EGFR Lung Cancer Patients Unfit for Chemotherapy
Study Start Date : December 2012
Actual Primary Completion Date : August 2015
Actual Study Completion Date : November 30, 2018

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Afatinib (BIBW 2992)
All patients will be given daily oral afatinib (BIBW 2992) administered every 28 days until disease progression/toxicity/clinician decision to stop. Starting dose is 40mg. 30mg and 20mg will be administered according to protocol dose modification requirements following toxicity.
Drug: Afatinib (BIBW 2992)
All patients will be given daily oral afatinib (BIBW 2992) administered every 28 days until disease progression/toxicity/clinician decision to stop. Starting dose is 40mg. 30mg and 20mg will be administered according to protocol dose modification requirements following toxicity.

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Progression free survival [ Time Frame: At 6 months ]
    Progression free survival will be determined by measurement of tumour size using RECIST version 1.1 at progression or date of patient death.

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Overall response [ Time Frame: CT scan of chest & abdomen 4 weeks after registartion, then every 8 calender weeks until disease progression. CT scans every 12 weeks if patient is still on BIBW 2992 after 1 year of treatment. ]
  2. Overall survival [ Time Frame: This will be measured in days, from the first day of treatment to the day of death. ]
  3. Change in performance status [ Time Frame: At 1 month ]
  4. Safety [ Time Frame: To be assessed at every timepoint i.e. baseline, fortnightly for the first 2 cycles and then monthly for 12 months and 2 monthly thereafter ]
    For each type of adverse event, the maximum toxicity grade will be obtained for each patient using CTCAE version 4.0 to closely monitor tolerability to BIBW 2992. Focus will be on those with a grade 3 or 4 BIBW 2992 related toxicities. The proportion of patients with any grade 3 or 4 event will also be examined.

  5. Progression free survival in patients aged 70 and over [ Time Frame: At progression or patient death ]
  6. Treatment compliance [ Time Frame: Compliance will be examined based on the time between starting treatment and stopping it completely ]

Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Any stage not suitable for radical treatment
  • Either:

Confirmed activating EGFR mutation (exons 18-21; e.g. L858R, exon 19 deletions, exon 20 insertions, T790M, list is not exhaustive), and WHO PS 0-3 Or No tissue suitable for EGFR genotyping, failed genotype, or EGFR genotyping unavailable, and NSCLC Adenocarcinoma sub-type, and

Eligible smoking history:

Never smoker (<100 cigarettes in lifetime), or Former smoker (stopped >1year ago and ≤10 pack-years) and WHO PS 0-2

  • Unsuitable for or patient declining chemotherapy due to significant co-morbidity
  • Measurable disease according to RECIST version 1.1
  • Adequate haematopoietic, hepatic and renal function defined as follows:

Absolute neutrophil count (ANC) ≤1.5 x 109/L and platelet count ≤100 x 109/L

  • Bilirubin ≤1.5 x ULN, ALT (SGPT) ≤3 x ULN (or ≤ 5 x ULN in cases of liver metastases)
  • Serum creatinine clearance ≥45 ml/min
  • Palliative radiotherapy allowed unless to a solitary target lesion
  • Age 18 or over (no upper age limit)
  • Written informed consent that is consistent with ICH-GCP guidelines

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Previous treatment with afatinib (BIBW 2992), or any EGFR-directed inhibitor
  • Any concurrent anticancer systemic therapy
  • Prior chemotherapy for relapsed and/or metastatic NSCLC
  • Neoadjuvant/adjuvant chemotherapy is permitted if at least 12 months has elapsed between the end of chemotherapy and registration
  • Suitable for radical radiotherapy
  • Palliative radiotherapy within 2 weeks prior to registration
  • Palliative radiotherapy to a solitary target lesion
  • Surgery (other than biopsy) within 4 weeks prior to registration
  • Inability to take oral medication, requirement for intravenous feeding, active peptic ulcer, prior surgical procedures affecting absorption, any medical co- morbidity affecting gastrointestinal absorption
  • Patients with current or pre-existing interstitial lung disease
  • Active or uncontrolled infections or serious illnesses or medical conditions that could interfere with the patient's participation in the trial
  • Significant or recent acute gastrointestinal abnormalities with diarrhoea as a major symptom e.g., Crohn's disease, mal-absorption, or CTCAE version 4.0 Grade ≥3 diarrhoea of any etiology at baseline
  • Active brain metastases (defined as stable for <4 weeks and/or symptomatic and/or requiring treatment with anticonvulsants and/or leptomeningeal disease). Steroids will be allowed if administered as a stable (same) dose for at least one month before trial entry.
  • Any other current malignancy or malignancy diagnosed within the past five years (other than non-melanomatous skin cancer and in situ cervical cancer)
  • History or presence of clinically relevant cardiovascular abnormalities such as uncontrolled hypertension, congestive heart failure NYHA classification of 3 or more, unstable angina or poorly controlled arrhythmia. Myocardial infarction within 6 months prior to registration
  • Symptomatic left ventricular failure with NYHA classification of 3 or more
  • Active viral hepatitis and/or known HIV positive
  • Known or suspected active drug or alcohol abuse
  • Use of any investigational drug within 8 weeks of registration.
  • Known allergy to BIBW 2992 or other ingredients.
  • Patients on steroids must have been on the same dose for at least 4 weeks.
  • Inability to understand or to comply with the requirements of the trial, trial protocol or to provide informed consent.
  • Women of childbearing potential, or men who are able to father a child, unwilling to use a medically acceptable method of contraception during the trial
  • Women who are pregnant or breast feeding
  • Requirement for treatment with any of the prohibited concomitant medications listed in protocol

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT01415011

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United Kingdom
Royal Bournemouth Hospital
Bournemouth, United Kingdom
Beatson West of Scotland Cancer Centre
Glasgow, United Kingdom
James Paget University Hospital
Great Yarmouth, United Kingdom
East Kent Hospitals
Kent, United Kingdom
Maidstone Hospital
Kent, United Kingdom
St James's University Hospital
Leeds, United Kingdom
The Royal Marsden Hospitals
London Borough of Sutton, United Kingdom
Barnet & Chase Farm Hospitals
London, United Kingdom
Charing Cross Hospital
London, United Kingdom
Guy's Hospital
London, United Kingdom
University College Hospital
London, United Kingdom
Musgrove Park Hospital
Somerset, United Kingdom
King's Mill Hospital
Sutton in Ashfield, United Kingdom
Weston General Hospital
Weston Super Mare, United Kingdom
York Hospital
York, United Kingdom
Sponsors and Collaborators
University College, London
Boehringer Ingelheim
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Principal Investigator: Sanjay Popat, BSc MBBS MRCP PhD Royal Marsden Hospital London
Additional Information:
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Responsible Party: University College, London Identifier: NCT01415011    
Other Study ID Numbers: UCL/09/0426
2011-003608-19 ( EudraCT Number )
First Posted: August 11, 2011    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: January 15, 2019
Last Verified: October 2017
Keywords provided by University College, London:
Afatinib (BIBW2992)
EGFR Mutation
Non Small Cell Lung Cancer
Poor performance status
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Lung Neoplasms
Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung
Respiratory Tract Neoplasms
Thoracic Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Lung Diseases
Respiratory Tract Diseases
Carcinoma, Bronchogenic
Bronchial Neoplasms
Antineoplastic Agents
Protein Kinase Inhibitors
Enzyme Inhibitors
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action