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An Intervention Targeting Fruit and Vegetable Intake Among Rural Youth

This study has been completed.
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Virginia Commonwealth University Identifier:
First received: August 3, 2011
Last updated: February 26, 2016
Last verified: February 2016
The investigators implemented a theory-based randomized controlled trial in ten rural Virginia middle schools in 2008-2010 and assessed the impact on health behaviors including fruit/vegetable intake as a primary outcome. Schools were randomized to intervention or control groups. Goal setting, peer leaders, and in-class workshops were intervention features. Seventh graders filled out surveys on health behaviors, psycho-social variables, and demographic characteristics. The investigators expected schools receiving the intervention to report a higher fruit-vegetable intake compared to control schools where students received standard health information. Sample (n=1,119) was 48.5% female, 50% White, with a mean age of 12.6 years. Fruit/vegetable intake was significantly higher in intervention schools at immediate post and at 1-year follow-up compared to controls.

Condition Intervention
Imbalance of Constituents of Food Intake
Behavioral: Fruit and vegetable intake in rural youth

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Prevention
Official Title: Fruit and Vegetable Intake Among Rural Youth Following a School-based Randomized Controlled Trial

Further study details as provided by Virginia Commonwealth University:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Fruit and vegetable intake [ Time Frame: Up to one year ]
    We surveyed students on fruit/vegetable intake at baseline, immediate post intervention and 1 year follow-up

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Confidence to increase fruit and vegetable intake [ Time Frame: Up to one year ]
    We surveyed students on their confidence in increasing their daily servings of fruit and vegetalbes.

Enrollment: 1119
Study Start Date: September 2008
Study Completion Date: November 2010
Primary Completion Date: June 2009 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: Fruit and Vegetable Intake Behavioral Intervention
measure fruit and vegetable intake in rural youth based on specific behavioral intervention.
Behavioral: Fruit and vegetable intake in rural youth
A theory based health behavior intervention, developed for youth is presented to seventh grade youth over 8 weeks to test their improvement in their intake of fruits and vegetables.
No Intervention: Control Group
control group received the standard health information


Ages Eligible for Study:   Child, Adult, Senior
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • 7 grade youth
  • attending participating middle schools

Exclusion Criteria:

  • In grades other than 7th grade
  Contacts and Locations
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Please refer to this study by its identifier: NCT01412697

United States, Virginia
Nottoway Middle School
Nottoway, Virginia, United States
Sponsors and Collaborators
Virginia Commonwealth University
Principal Investigator: Steven Danish, PhD Virginia Commonwealth University
  More Information

Publications automatically indexed to this study by Identifier (NCT Number):
Responsible Party: Virginia Commonwealth University Identifier: NCT01412697     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: #8520369
Study First Received: August 3, 2011
Last Updated: February 26, 2016

Keywords provided by Virginia Commonwealth University:
Rural youth
Theory-based intervention
Randomized by schools
Fruit and vegetable intake
Health classes processed this record on April 26, 2017