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Electrical Activity of the Diaphragm During the Weaning Period

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT01411722
First Posted: August 8, 2011
Last Update Posted: August 1, 2013
The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Marco Ranieri, University of Turin, Italy
  Purpose
The study aims to assess 1) the electrical activity of the diaphragm in mechanically ventilated patients during weaning from mechanical ventilation. 2) Whether the electrical activity of the diaphragm may predict the weaning outcome

Condition Intervention Phase
Respiratory Insufficiency Device: Neurally adjust ventilatory assist (NAVA) and a nasogastric tube to measure the electrical activity of the diaphragm (EAdi catheter) Phase 2

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Diagnostic
Official Title: Electrical Activity of the Diaphragm in Mechanically Ventilated Patients During the Weaning Period

Further study details as provided by Marco Ranieri, University of Turin, Italy:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Electrical activity of the diaphragm as a predictor of weaning outcome [ Time Frame: 48 hours ]

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Comparison of electrical activity of the diaphragm as a predictor versus other predictors [ Time Frame: 48 hours ]
  • Evaluation of respiratory parameters during the weaning process [ Time Frame: 48 hours ]

Enrollment: 50
Study Start Date: September 2008
Study Completion Date: June 2012
Primary Completion Date: January 2012 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
EADIWEANING
Patients mechanically ventilated for more than 48 hours during the weaning process.
Device: Neurally adjust ventilatory assist (NAVA) and a nasogastric tube to measure the electrical activity of the diaphragm (EAdi catheter)
Nava is a new ventilatory mode which delivers pressure in proportion of the the Electrical activity of the diaphragm (EAdi), a reflection of the neural respiratory output. EAdi will be obtained through a nasogastric tube with a multiple array of electrodes placed at its distal end. Correct positioning of the EAdi catheter is assured by means of a specific function of the ventilator (''EAdi catheter positioning''). The EAdi signal is processed according to the American Thoracic Society (ATS) recommendations and filtered by algorithms designed to provide the highest possible signal-to-noise ratio

Detailed Description:
Optimization of the time to liberate the patient from mechanical ventilation should be balanced between the risks associated with failed extubation and those related to prolonged mechanical ventilation. Weaning failure is associated with major complications. Even when weaning protocols and clinical predictors have been used to improve the weaning outcome, there is still a significant proportion of patients who fail to breath spontaneously with significant risks of pneumonia, prolonged mechanical ventilation and increased morbidity and mortality rate. Electrical activity of the diaphragm, a mirror of the respiratory drive and now available on an ICU ventilator may help to predict in a more accurate way the weaning outcome. The patients will be ventilated in NAVA with the titration method (1). As soon as patients passed successfully a daily screening EAdi will be measured during a spontaneous breathing trial.
  Eligibility

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • All patients older than 18 years and mechanically ventilated for >= 48 h.
  • In the resolving stage of the disease which brought to mechanical ventilation.
  • Pao2/Fio2 ratio >150 on positive end-expiratory pressure (PEEP) <=8 cm H2O.
  • Sedation discontinued for a minimum of 24 hrs
  • Analgesia provided solely with morphine at a dosage of less or equal to 0.01 mg/kg/hr.
  • Patient fully alert and cooperative.
  • Intact respiratory drive evaluated with Glasgow Coma Scale >=10.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • The attending physician refuses to allow enrolment
  • The patient refuses informed consent
  • Hemodynamic instability despite adequate filling (i.e. need for continuous infusion of epinephrine or vasopressin, or dopamine or dobutamine > 5 mcg/kg/min or norepinephrine > 0.1 mcg/kg/min to maintain systolic arterial blood pressure > 90 mmHg)
  • No collaborative Patient
  • Coagulation or platelets disorders
  • neuromuscular disease
  • phrenic nerve damage/diaphragm paralysis
  • contraindication to exchange naso-gastric tube
  • History of heart or lung transplantation
  • Presence or suspicion of a central nervous system disorder
  Contacts and Locations
Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT01411722


Locations
Italy
Marco Ranieri
Co.so Bramante 88, Torino, Italy, 10126
Sponsors and Collaborators
University of Turin, Italy
  More Information

Responsible Party: Marco Ranieri, MD Professor, University of Turin, Italy
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01411722     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: EADIWEANIG299
First Submitted: August 5, 2011
First Posted: August 8, 2011
Last Update Posted: August 1, 2013
Last Verified: July 2013

Keywords provided by Marco Ranieri, University of Turin, Italy:
Electrical Activity of Diaphragm
Weaning outcome
NAVA

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Respiratory Insufficiency
Pulmonary Valve Insufficiency
Respiration Disorders
Respiratory Tract Diseases
Heart Valve Diseases
Heart Diseases
Cardiovascular Diseases