Effect of Music on Pain and Anxiety After Surgery
- Studies have shown that listening to music can decrease pain and anxiety. Following surgery, patients in intensive care units (ICUs) often need drugs to treat their pain and anxiety. But these drugs can cause side effects such as low blood pressure and confusion. If listening to music can help lower pain and anxiety levels, less medication might be needed and these side effects could be avoided.
- To determine the effects of music on patient pain and anxiety in the first few days after surgery.
- Individuals at least 18 years of age who are scheduled to have surgery that requires a 24-48-hour stay in intensive care afterward.
- All participants will be screened with a medical history before having surgery.
- Participants will be divided into two groups: one group will listen to music after surgery, and the other will not.
- Before surgery, participants will answer questions about their pain and anxiety levels. They will also be shown how to control the device that lets them administer their own pain medication after surgery.
- Following surgery, all participants will be transferred to the ICU and will answer the same questions about pain and anxiety levels.
- The music group will listen to a specially created CD of instrumental music for about 50 minutes, four times a day. The standard group will not listen to this music. All other treatments will be the same in both groups. Both groups will continue to answer the same questions about pain and anxiety levels.
- Participants will have a final 15- to 20-minute interview after leaving the ICU. They will answer questions about the ICU stay and (for those in the music listening group) the music.
|Study Design:||Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Open Label
|Official Title:||The Effect of Music Listening on the Amount of Opioids Used in Surgical Intensive Care Patients|
- Opiate use [ Time Frame: 48 hours in the ICU ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
- Pain, anxiety and distress outcome measures [ Time Frame: 48 hours in the ICU ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
|Study Start Date:||June 2011|
|Study Completion Date:||May 2013|
|Primary Completion Date:||May 2013 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
Research participant listened to music
Music listening for the treatment group. Music is from MusicCure selection "Dreams". Outocmes are compared to control group who receives no music. Subjects are randomized Post-operatively.
- Listening to music is a common human activity. Music listening has been associated with decreased pain scores, increase in attentiveness and decrease in anxiety scores. Recently, with interest in holistic and complementary and alternative therapies, there has been increased awareness of the potential positive health effects of music listening.
- Inadequate pain management remains common especially in postoperative patients. Acute perioperative pain affects over 46 million Americans every year.
- As music is processed by the limbic system, enkephalins and endorphins are released. These substances are natural occurring opioids, suggesting music may decrease patient s requirements for opioids.
To determine the effects of music listening on the amount of opioids delivered postoperatively to adult ICU patients via patient-controlled analgesia (PCA) during the first 48 hours.
To determine the effects of music listening on pain and anxiety scores experienced by adult surgical patients during the first 48 hours postoperatively in the ICU.
-All adult patients (18 years of age or greater) who are scheduled for surgery that have an anticipated ICU stay of 24-48 hours.
The design is a two-group randomized controlled trial. The two groups are:
- Treatment -Music group - intervention music delivered for approximately 50 minutes 4 times a day
- Control - Standard care
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT01409044
|United States, Maryland|
|National Institutes of Health Clinical Center, 9000 Rockville Pike|
|Bethesda, Maryland, United States, 20892|
|Principal Investigator:||Nancy Ames, R.N.||National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC)|