Improvement of Myocardial Blood Flow by PhosphoDiesterase 5 Inhibition in Coronary Artery Disease (SYDNEY)
|Therapy Refractory Myocardial Ischemia Coronary Artery Disease Unsuitable for Surgical or Percutaneous Revascularisation||Drug: Vardenafil Other: Placebo|
|Study Type:||Expanded Access What is Expanded Access?|
|Official Title:||Sustained Improvement of MYocardial Blood Flow by Intermittent PhosphoDiesterase 5 INhibition in REfractory Coronary ArterY Disease Suggests Enhanced Angiogenesis (SYDNEY)|
This study is designed as a randomized, double-blind, placebo controlled monocentric study.
Patients will be randomized to two groups; PDE5 inhibitor (vardenafil) or placebo taken as one tablet twice per day for 15 weeks. The analyses will be performed under blinded conditions by external experts not having any direct contact to the investigators or the patients.
Patients with severe coronary artery disease who are judged to be unsuitable for surgical revascularization because of a bad general state of health or unsuitable for percutaneous revascularization because of the bad morphology of coronary arteries by an expert panel of interventionists and cardiac surgeons are eligible for this study. Eligible patients meeting inclusion criteria will be invited for participation. At the screening visit (Visit -1) demographic data, medical history, and concomitant medication are documented, vital signs are checked, a physical examination, an ECG, and a routine laboratory test is performed. After giving written informed consent for participation in the study, the patient is randomized to one of the two study groups - PDE5 inhibitor (vardenafil) or placebo taken as one pill twice per day for 15 weeks. Within three weeks after this screening visit, baseline efficacy tests are performed. After the last baseline test the study medication is distributed to the patient (Visit 0). During the treatment phase follow-up visits are scheduled after week 1, 3, 6, and 12 (Visit 1-4). Between week 13 and 15 the same efficacy tests as performed at baseline will be repeated. The final visit after the last efficacy test terminates the active study phase at week 15 (Visit 5). During visit 0 to 5 a clinical examination, an ECG, and clinical routine laboratory parameters (blood chemistry, blood cell count, and coagulation parameters) of the patient are performed.
For proof of efficacy the following tests will be performed at baseline and one day and 4 weeks after discontinuation of therapy: Exercise tolerance will be evaluated by bicycle exercise testing. Blood tests will be performed to evaluate markers of angiogenesis (endothelial progenitor cells, vascular endothelial growth factor, basic fibroblast growth factor). The improvement of myocardial perfusion will be tested functionally as increase of coronary flow reserve by positron emission tomography. Moreover, changes in ventricular function, symptoms and quality of life will be assessed.
Endpoints of this study are:
- Total exercise duration (bicycle exercise testing)
- Time to 1mm ST-segment depression (bicycle exercise testing)
- Time to limiting angina (bicycle exercise testing)
- Myocardial blood flow (PET)
- Left ventricular ejection fraction (PET)
- Mean angina frequency per week
- Score Seattle Angina Questionnaire
- Natriuretic peptides
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT01406535
|Rudolf Berger, MD|
|Vienna, Austria, 1090|