Early Percutaneous Mitral Intervention in Asymptomatic Moderate Mitral Stenosis (MITIGATE)

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT01406353
Recruitment Status : Active, not recruiting
First Posted : August 1, 2011
Last Update Posted : June 15, 2018
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Duk-Hyun Kang, Asan Medical Center

Brief Summary:
Although percutaneous mitral commissurotomy (PMC) has been accepted as an effective treatment for symptomatic patients with moderate or severe mitral stenosis (MS), most asymptomatic patients are not candidates for PMC owing to the small but inherent procedure-related risks. Asymptomatic patients with MS show good survival rates up to 10 years, but there was a sudden deterioration precipitated by atrial fibrillation or embolism in half of the patients. Because the success rates of PMC were improved to more than 95% in ideal patients from highly selected centers and early PMC may decrease the occurrence of adverse events, such as atrial fibrillation or embolism, experienced centers tend to perform PMC at an early stage of disease. However, the potential benefits of early preemptive PMC in asymptomatic patients should be balanced against the real risks related to the procedure, and further studies of the efficacy of PMC in the prevention of embolism are necessary to extend its indications to asymptomatic patients. To the best of our knowledge, No randomized trials have been performed to ascertain the optimal timing of intervention in asymptomatic patients with significant MS. The early percutaneous MITral Intervention versus conventional manaGement in Asymptomatic moderate miTral stEnosis (MITIGATE) trial was designed to compare clinical outcomes of early intervention with those of a conventional management based on current guidelines in asymptomatic moderate mitral stenosis.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Moderate Mitral Stenosis Procedure: Percutaneous Mitral Commissurotomy Not Applicable

Detailed Description:

We enroll consecutive asymptomatic patients with moderate mitral stenosis who are candidates for both early percutaneous mitral commissurotomy (PMC) and conventional treatment at 3 centers in Seoul, Korea.

Echocardiographic evaluation is performed before enrollment, immediately after PMC and annually during follow-up. All patients undergo two-dimensional echocardiography and/or transesophageal echocardiography to detect left atrial thrombi. Morphologic features of the mitral valve (MV) are categorized as described previously (14), and total echocardiographic score is obtained by adding the scores for leaflet mobility, thickness, calcification, and subvalvular lesions. The MVA is measured by direct planimetry of the mitral orifice, and MS severity is graded as mild, moderate, or severe when MVA was > 1.5, 1.0 to 1.5, or < 1.0 cm2, respectively. The severity of mitral and tricuspid regurgitation is assessed semiquantitatively or using quantitative methods and classified as mild, moderate, or severe. Pulmonary artery systolic pressure (PAP) is estimated by continuous wave Doppler with the simplified Bernoulli equation.

All study patients regularly visit their attending physicians at 3 monthly interval for maintenance of anticoagulation therapy or every year for annual re-evaluation. Patients in the conventional treatment group who become symptomatic during follow-up are referred for PMC or mitral valve surgery. An embolic event is defined as a systemic embolism fulfilling both prespecified criteria: acute onset of clinical symptoms or signs of embolism and occurrence of new lesions confirmed by imaging studies. A specific diagnosis of cerebral infarction is confirmed by an experienced neurologist and additional brain magnetic resonance imaging is performed if indicated.

We estimate that a sample size of 166 patients would provide 80% power to detect a significant difference with respect to the primary end point at the 2-sided significance level of 0.05, assuming 3-year event rates of 13% in the conventional treatment group and 2% in the early PMC group, and drop-out rate of 5%. These rates are based on the results of our previous study. Analyses are performed on an intention-to-treat basis. To analyze primary outcome, estimates of cumulative event rates are calculated by the Kaplan-Meier method and compared employing the log-rank test. For Kaplan-Meier analysis, we analyze all clinical events by time to first event. Hazard ratios with 95% confidence intervals are derived with the use of the Cox proportional hazards model.

Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 167 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Intervention Model Description: early percutaneous mitral commissurotomy
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Early Percutaneous Mitral Intervention Versus Conventional Management in Asymptomatic Moderate Mitral Stenosis
Actual Study Start Date : July 2011
Estimated Primary Completion Date : July 2020
Estimated Study Completion Date : July 2023

Arm Intervention/treatment
Active Comparator: Early Percutaneous Mitral Intervention
early elective percutaneous mitral commissurotomy within 3 months of enrollment
Procedure: Percutaneous Mitral Commissurotomy
Percutaneous mitral commissurotomy is performed by experienced interventional cardiologists using the Inoue balloon technique. During the procedure, conventional hemodynamic parameters are monitored. A successful immediate result is defined as a mitral valve area > 1.5 square cm with less than moderate to severe mitral regurgitation.
Other Name: Percutaneous mitral valvuloplasty

No Intervention: Conventional Treatment
All patients in the conventional treatment group regularly visit their attending physicians at 3 monthly interval for maintenance of anticoagulation therapy or every year for annual re-evaluation. Patients who become symptomatic during follow-up are referred for percutaneous mitral commissurotomy or mitral valve surgery.

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Composite of cardiovascular event [ Time Frame: Participants will be followed for the duration of the trial, a minimum follow-up of 3 years ]
    Composite of cardiovascular mortality, cerebral infarction, systemic embolic events that occurred during follow-up, and PMC-related complications; procedural mortality and urgent MV surgery.

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. all-cause death and each component of cardiovascular event [ Time Frame: Participants will be followed for the duration of the trial, a minimum follow-up of 3 years ]
    all-cause death and any component of composite primary end point.

  2. Mitral valve replacement [ Time Frame: Participants will be followed for the duration of the trial, a minimum follow-up of 3 years ]

Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.

Ages Eligible for Study:   20 Years to 70 Years   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • asymptomatic patients with moderate MS who are potential candidates for early percutaneous mitral commissurotomy

Exclusion Criteria:

  • patients with exertional dyspnea
  • total echocardiographic score > 10
  • moderate to severe mitral regurgitation
  • left atrial thrombi
  • significant aortic valve disease,
  • left ventricle (LV) ejection fraction (EF) <50%
  • Doppler-estimated pulmonary artery systolic pressure >50 mmHg
  • those who were not candidates for early intervention based on age > 70 years or the presence of coexisting malignancies

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT01406353

Korea, Republic of
Asan Medical Center
Seoul, Korea, Republic of, 138-736
Samsung Medical Center
Seoul, Korea, Republic of
Yonsei University Severance Hospital
Seoul, Korea, Republic of
Sponsors and Collaborators
Asan Medical Center
Principal Investigator: Duk-Hyun Kang, MD, PhD Asan Medical Center

Additional Information:
Responsible Party: Duk-Hyun Kang, Professor, Asan Medical Center Identifier: NCT01406353     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 2011-0432
First Posted: August 1, 2011    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: June 15, 2018
Last Verified: June 2018

Keywords provided by Duk-Hyun Kang, Asan Medical Center:
Mitral Stenosis
Mitral Valvuloplasty

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Constriction, Pathologic
Mitral Valve Stenosis
Pathological Conditions, Anatomical
Heart Valve Diseases
Heart Diseases
Cardiovascular Diseases