We updated the design of this site on December 18, 2017. Learn more.
ClinicalTrials.gov Menu


The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01406236
Recruitment Status : Terminated (Study stopped for Statistical Futility. Low rate of bleeding events made it unlikely there would be statistical power to show a difference in the 2 arms.)
First Posted : August 1, 2011
Last Update Posted : January 21, 2015
Information provided by (Responsible Party):

Study Description
Brief Summary:

The hypothesis of the SAFE-PCI for women trial is that, compared with transfemoral PCI, transradial PCI will result in a significant reduction in bleeding and vascular complications. The primary objective is to compare the efficacy and feasibility of the transradial approach to percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in women compared with the transfemoral approach.

This study is a multicenter, randomized, open-label active controlled study. Three thousand women undergoing urgent or elective PCI from at least 50 centers will be randomized to either transradial or transfemoral PCI. Patients who are enrolled at sites performing ad hoc PCI will be randomized before diagnostic angiography. A total of approximately 3000 women will be randomized to obtain a cohort of approximately 1800 patients undergoing PCI.

The Data Safety Monitoring Board has alerted us that the bleeding event rate overall in our trial is very low, making it unlikely that there will be statistical power to show a difference between the randomized arms in the SAFE PCI for Women study using the BARC bleeding definition per protocol. Based on this statistical futility, the DSMB has recommended stopping enrollment. They also noted, however, that as this is not based on any safety issues, and since there are a variety of key secondary endpoints (contrast and radiation exposure, quality of life) that are of clinical and scientific interest, the DSMB left it to the discretion of the Steering Committee to continue enrollment to meet sufficient power for these outcomes. On March 1, 2013, the Steering Committee met to discuss these issues and voted to continue enrollment until the planned sample size for the Quality of Life substudy was met (300 patients).

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment
Percutaneous Coronary Intervention Ischemic Symptoms Procedure: Transradial PCI Procedure: Transfemoral PCI

Study Design

Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 1787 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Study of Access Site for Enhancement of PCI for Women (SAFE-PCI for Women)
Study Start Date : August 2011
Primary Completion Date : September 2013
Study Completion Date : September 2013
Arms and Interventions

Arm Intervention/treatment
Transradial PCI Procedure: Transradial PCI
Transradial PCI
Transfemoral PCI Procedure: Transfemoral PCI
Transfemoral PCI

Outcome Measures

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Primary Efficacy Endpoint: Composite of BARC Types 2, 3, and 5 bleeding or vascular complications. [ Time Frame: From first arterial access post-randomization to 72 hours or hospital discharge, whichever occurs first. ]
  2. Primary Feasibility Endpoint: Procedural failure, defined as inability to complete the procedure from the assigned vascular access site. [ Time Frame: From first arterial access post-randomization to 72 hours or hospital discharge, whichever occurs first. ]

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Procedure Duration, total radiation dose and total contrast volume [ Time Frame: 72 hours post randomization or hospital discharge (whichever occurs first) ]
    To determine the effect of transradial PCI on procedure time, total radiation dose, and total contrast volume.

  2. Resource Use, patient preferences and quality of life [ Time Frame: Baseline, 72 hours post randomization or hospital discharge (whichever occurs first), 30 day ]
    To determine the effect of transradial PCI on resource use, patient preferences, and quality of life.

  3. 30-day death, vascular complications, or repeat revascularization [ Time Frame: 30 day ]
    To determine the effect of transradial PCI on 30-day death, vascular complications, or repeat revascularization.

Eligibility Criteria

Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   Female
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Have the capacity to understand and sign an informed consent form
  • Age ≥ 18 years
  • Female patient undergoing urgent or elective PCI or undergoing diagnostic angiography to evaluate ischemic symptoms with the possibility of PCI

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Peripheral arterial disease that prohibits vascular access
  • Bilateral abnormal Barbeau tests
  • Hemodialysis access (arteriovenous fistula or graft) in the arm to be used for PCI in case of assignment to radial approach (note that the opposite arm may be used for radial access in case a dialysis graft is present in one arm provided that the opposite arm has a normal Barbeau test)
  • International normalized ratio (INR) ≥ 1.5 in a patient treated with oral vitamin K antagonists (i.e., warfarin).
  • Receipt of oral Factor Xa or IIa inhibitors ≤ 24 hours prior to the procedure
  • Planned staged PCI within 30 days of index procedure
  • Valvular heart disease requiring valve surgery
  • Planned right-heart catheterization
  • Primary PCI for ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction
  • Presence of bilateral internal mammary artery coronary bypass grafts
  • Unable to provide informed consent
  • Participation in any investigational drug or device study currently or within 30 days prior to enrollment
Contacts and Locations

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT01406236

Sponsors and Collaborators
Duke University
American College of Cardiology
Abbott Vascular
Lilly USA
Terumo Medical Corporation
The Medicines Company
Acist Medical Systems
Food and Drug Administration (FDA)
Principal Investigator: Sunil V Rao, MD Duke University
More Information