Role of Neuromuscular Training in Reducing Sports Injuries and Improving Fitness Among Chicago Public Elementary and Middle School Students (KIPP at CPS)
|Study Design:||Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Single Blind (Investigator)
Primary Purpose: Prevention
|Official Title:||Role of Neuromuscular Training in Reducing Sports Injuries and Improving Fitness Among Chicago Public Elementary and Middle School Students|
- sports-related lower extremity injuries [ Time Frame: 0-3 years ]
- physical fitness as measured by presidential fitness test [ Time Frame: 0-3 years ]
|Study Start Date:||July 2011|
|Estimated Study Completion Date:||July 2016|
|Primary Completion Date:||June 2014 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
Experimental: neuromuscular training
subjects in this arm will be exposed to a neuromuscular warm-up before practices and games
Other: neuromuscular exercises
neuromuscular exercises delivered as a pre-practice and pre-game warm-up including dynamic stretching, strengthening, and plyometrics.
Other Name: KIPP
|No Intervention: control|
PURPOSE OF THE RESEARCH
Our long-term goal is to reduce sports-related injuries and improve physical fitness in children and adolescents by incorporating our neuromuscular training program called the Knee Injury Prevention Program (KIPP) into their physical education classes or sports practice routines. This project aims to measure the effectiveness of KIPP in reducing injuries and improving physical fitness among 5th -8th grade boys and girls in Chicago public schools. Specifically, we aim to:
- Train PE teachers and sports coaches for 5th -8th grade students how to incorporate the 10-minute KIPP warm-up into their regular team practices and PE classes.
- Measure the effect of KIPP on sports injury rates.
- Measure the effect of KIPP on PE students' physical fitness.
LITERATURE REVIEW / JUSTIFICATION OF RESEARCH Sports-related injuries are a serious concern for physically active children and adolescents. Treatment costs can be substantial, and the time lost from school and sports can have considerable impact on mental health and academic performance. A handful of studies, including our previous research in CPS high schools, have shown that coach-led neuromuscular training (NMT) programs can reduce the risk for sports-related injuries among female high school athletes by up to 88%. However, few studies of NMT have included athletes under 14 years of age, and none have investigated the protective effect of NMT in sports other than soccer, basketball, volleyball and team handball. NMT includes exercises to strengthen the core and lower extremity muscles, improve balance and agility, and promote safe techniques with landing and pivoting which are the most common sports maneuvers that lead to injury.
In 2006, we researched a coach-led neuromuscular training program called the Knee Injury Prevention Program (KIPP) for female soccer and basketball athletes in CPS high schools and found a statistically significant reduction in lower extremity injuries in the teams using the KIPP warm-up. KIPP should also have beneficial effects on physical fitness; however this has not yet been directly studied.
- Coaches and PE teachers will demonstrate compliance and competency with implementing KIPP exercises into their regular practices/games and PE classes, respectively.
- KIPP training will reduce injuries in school-sponsored sports.
- KIPP training will improve PE students' physical fitness.
PRELIMINARY STUDIES From 2006 to 2007, we researched coach-led KIPP among female soccer and basketball athletes in Chicago Public High Schools and found significant reduction in lower extremity injuries. In 2005, we conducted a trial of pre-season KIPP for female adolescent athletes and found a reduction in subjects' sports-related knee pain pre- vs. post-training.
DESCRIPTION OF RESEARCH APPROACH This will be a cluster-randomized, controlled trial. The Acting Officer for the Office of Student Support and Engagement, the Director of Athletics for Chicago Public Schools (CPS), and the CPS Office of Student Health and Wellness understand and support the project's goals and research methods. They have agreed to provide PE teachers and coaches with staff development credits as an incentive for them to complete the study. The study will be implemented by "study personnel" who are all Lurie Children's-affiliated health care professionals or employees.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT01406054
|United States, Illinois|
|Ann & Robert H. Lurie Children's Hospital of Chicago|
|Chicago, Illinois, United States, 60611|